The Reign and Captivity of Jehoahaz
1Then #2 Kin. 23:30–34the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in his father’s place in Jerusalem. 2Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. 3Now the king of Egypt deposed him at Jerusalem; and he imposed on the land a tribute of one hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold. 4Then the king of Egypt made Jehoahaz’s brother Eliakim king over Judah and Jerusalem, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. And Necho took Jehoahaz his brother and carried him off to Egypt.
The Reign and Captivity of Jehoiakim
5#2 Kin. 23:36, 37; 1 Chr. 3:15Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And he did #(Jer. 22:13–19)evil in the sight of the Lord his God. 6#2 Kin. 24:1; Hab. 1:6Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against him, and bound him in bronze fetters to #(Deut. 29:22–29); 2 Chr. 33:11; Jer. 36:30carry him off to Babylon. 7#2 Kin. 24:13; Dan. 1:1, 2Nebuchadnezzar also carried off some of the articles from the house of the Lord to Babylon, and put them in his temple at Babylon. 8Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, the abominations which he did, and what was found against him, indeed they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah. Then Jehoiachin his son reigned in his place.
The Reign and Captivity of Jehoiachin
9#2 Kin. 24:8–17Jehoiachin was eight years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months and ten days. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord. 10At the turn of the year #2 Kin. 24:10–17King Nebuchadnezzar summoned him and took him to Babylon, #Dan. 1:1, 2with the costly articles from the house of the Lord, and made #Jer. 37:1Zedekiah, Jehoiakim’s brother, king over Judah and Jerusalem.
Zedekiah Reigns in Judah
11#2 Kin. 24:18–20; Jer. 52:1Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. 12He did evil in the sight of the Lord his God, and #Jer. 21:3–7; 44:10did not humble himself before Jeremiah the prophet, who spoke from the mouth of the Lord. 13And he also #Jer. 52:3; Ezek. 17:15rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear an oath by God; but he #2 Kin. 17:14; (2 Chr. 30:8)stiffened his neck and hardened his heart against turning to the Lord God of Israel. 14Moreover all the leaders of the priests and the people transgressed more and more, according to all the abominations of the nations, and defiled the house of the Lord which He had consecrated in Jerusalem.
The Fall of Jerusalem
15#Jer. 7:13; 25:3, 4And the Lord God of their fathers sent warnings to them by His messengers, rising up early and sending them, because He had compassion on His people and on His dwelling place. 16But #2 Chr. 30:10; Jer. 5:12, 13they mocked the messengers of God, #(Prov. 1:24–32)despised His words, and #Jer. 38:6; Matt. 23:34scoffed at His prophets, until the #2 Chr. 34:25; Ps. 79:5wrath of the Lord arose against His people, till there was no remedy.
17#Num. 33:56; Deut. 4:26; 28:49; 2 Kin. 25:1; Ezra 9:7; Is. 3:8Therefore He brought against them the king of the Chaldeans, who #Ps. 74:20killed their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion on young man or virgin, on the aged or the weak; He gave them all into his hand. 18#2 Kin. 25:13–15; 2 Chr. 36:7, 10And all the articles from the house of God, great and small, the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king and of his leaders, all these he took to Babylon. 19#2 Kin. 25:9; Ps. 79:1, 7; Is. 1:7, 8; Jer. 52:13Then they burned the house of God, broke down the wall of Jerusalem, burned all its palaces with fire, and destroyed all its precious possessions. 20And #2 Kin. 25:11; Jer. 5:19; Mic. 4:10those who escaped from the sword he carried away to Babylon, #Jer. 17:4; 27:7where they became servants to him and his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia, 21to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of #Jer. 25:9–12; 27:6–8; 29:10Jeremiah, until the land #Lev. 26:34–43; Dan. 9:2had enjoyed her Sabbaths. As long as she lay desolate #Lev. 25:4, 5she kept Sabbath, to fulfill seventy years.
The Proclamation of Cyrus
22#Ezra 1:1–3Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord by the mouth of #Jer. 29:10Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of #Is. 44:28; 45:1Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying,
23#Ezra 1:2, 3Thus says Cyrus king of Persia:
All the kingdoms of the earth the Lord God of heaven has given me. And He has commanded me to build Him a house at Jerusalem which is in Judah. Who is among you of all His people? May the Lord his God be with him, and let him go up!