16
Personal greetings
1I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon#,# of the church in Cenchreae. 2I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me.
   3Greet Priscilla# and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus. 4They risked their lives for me. Not only I but all the churches of the Gentiles are grateful to them.
   5Greet also the church that meets at their house.
  Greet my dear friend Epenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in the province of Asia.
   6Greet Mary, who worked very hard for you.
   7Greet Andronicus and Junia, my fellow Jews who have been in prison with me. They are outstanding among# the apostles, and they were in Christ before I was.
   8Greet Ampliatus, my dear friend in the Lord.
   9Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and my dear friend Stachys.
10Greet Apelles, whose fidelity to Christ has stood the test.
Greet those who belong to the household of Aristobulus.
11Greet Herodion, my fellow Jew.
Greet those in the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord.
12Greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, those women who work hard in the Lord.
Greet my dear friend Persis, another woman who has worked very hard in the Lord.
13Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother, who has been a mother to me, too.
14Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas and the other brothers and sisters with them.
15Greet Philologus, Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas and all the Lord’s people who are with them.
16Greet one another with a holy kiss.
All the churches of Christ send greetings.
17I urge you, brothers and sisters, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. Keep away from them. 18For such people are not serving our Lord Christ, but their own appetites. By smooth talk and flattery they deceive the minds of naüve people. 19Everyone has heard about your obedience, so I rejoice because of you; but I want you to be wise about what is good, and innocent about what is evil.
20The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet.
The grace of our Lord Jesus be with you.
21Timothy, my co-worker, sends his greetings to you, as do Lucius, Jason and Sosipater, my fellow Jews.
22I, Tertius, who wrote down this letter, greet you in the Lord.
23Gaius, whose hospitality I and the whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings.
Erastus, who is the city’s director of public works, and our brother Quartus send you their greetings.[24]#
25Now to him who is able to establish you in accordance with my gospel, the message I proclaim about Jesus Christ, in keeping with the revelation of the mystery hidden for long ages past, 26but now revealed and made known through the prophetic writings by the command of the eternal God, so that all the Gentiles might come to the obedience that comes from# faith – 27to the only wise God be glory for ever through Jesus Christ! Amen.
Footnotes for the Book of Romans
f 17 Hab. 2:4
a 6 Psalm 62:12; Prov. 24:12
b 24 Isaiah 52:5 (see Septuagint); Ezek. 36:20,22
c 27 Or who, by means of a
a 3 Gen. 15:6; also in verse 22
b 8 Psalm 32:1,2
c 17 Gen. 17:5
d 18 Gen. 15:5
a 6 Or be rendered powerless
b 23 Or through
a 2 The Greek is singular; some manuscripts me
b 3 In contexts like this, the Greek word for flesh (sarx) refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit; also in verses 4-13.
c 3 Or flesh, for sin
d 10 Or you, your body is dead because of sin, yet your spirit is alive
e 11 Some manuscripts bodies through
f 15 The Greek word for adoption to sonship is a term referring to the full legal standing of an adopted male heir in Roman culture; also in verse 23.
g 15 Aramaic for father
h 20,21 Or subjected it in hope. 21For
i 28 Or that all things work together for good to those who love God, who; or that in all things God works together with those who love him to bring about what is good – with those who
j 36 Psalm 44:22
k 38 Or nor heavenly rulers
a 5 Lev. 18:5
b 6 Deut. 30:12
c 7 Deut. 30:13
d 8 Deut. 30:14
e 11 Isaiah 28:16 (see Septuagint)
f 13 Joel 2:32
g 15 Isaiah 52:7
h 16 Isaiah 53:1
i 18 Psalm 19:4
j 19 Deut. 32:21
k 20 Isaiah 65:1
l 21 Isaiah 65:2
a 6 Or the
b 8 Or to provide for others
c 16 Or willing to do menial work
d 19 Deut. 32:35
e 20 Prov. 25:21,22
a 10 The Greek word for brother or sister (adelphos) refers here to a believer, whether man or woman, as part of God’s family; also in verses 13, 15 and 21.
b 11 Isaiah 45:23
c 23 Some manuscripts place 16:25-27 here; others after 15:33.
a 1 Or servant
b 1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers / elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. 1:1 and 1 Tim. 3:8,12.
c 3 Greek Prisca, a variant of Priscilla
d 7 Or are esteemed by
e 24 Some manuscripts include here May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with all of you. Amen.
f 26 Or that is
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