Redeeming what is the Lord’s
1The Lord said to Moses, 2‘Speak to the Israelites and say to them: “If anyone makes a special vow to dedicate a person to the Lord by giving the equivalent value, 3set the value of a male between the ages of twenty and sixty at fifty shekels#That is, about 575 grams; also in verse 16 of silver, according to the sanctuary shekel;#That is, about 12 grams; also in verse 25 4for a female, set her value at thirty shekels;#That is, about 345 grams 5for a person between the ages of five and twenty, set the value of a male at twenty shekels#That is, about 230 grams and of a female at ten shekels;#That is, about 115 grams; also in verse 7 6for a person between one month and five years, set the value of a male at five shekels#That is, about 58 grams of silver and that of a female at three shekels#That is, about 35 grams of silver; 7for a person sixty years old or more, set the value of a male at fifteen shekels#That is, about 175 grams and of a female at ten shekels. 8If anyone making the vow is too poor to pay the specified amount, the person being dedicated is to be presented to the priest, who will set the value according to what the one making the vow can afford.
9‘ “If what they vowed is an animal that is acceptable as an offering to the Lord, such an animal given to the Lord becomes holy. 10They must not exchange it or substitute a good one for a bad one, or a bad one for a good one; if they should substitute one animal for another, both it and the substitute become holy. 11If what they vowed is a ceremonially unclean animal – one that is not acceptable as an offering to the Lord – the animal must be presented to the priest, 12who will judge its quality as good or bad. Whatever value the priest then sets, that is what it will be. 13If the owner wishes to redeem the animal, a fifth must be added to its value.
14‘ “If anyone dedicates their house as something holy to the Lord, the priest will judge its quality as good or bad. Whatever value the priest then sets, so it will remain. 15If the one who dedicates their house wishes to redeem it, they must add a fifth to its value, and the house will again become theirs.
16‘ “If anyone dedicates to the Lord part of their family land, its value is to be set according to the amount of seed required for it – fifty shekels of silver to a homer#That is, probably about 135 kilograms of barley seed. 17If they dedicate a field during the Year of Jubilee, the value that has been set remains. 18But if they dedicate a field after the Jubilee, the priest will determine the value according to the number of years that remain until the next Year of Jubilee, and its set value will be reduced. 19If the one who dedicates the field wishes to redeem it, they must add a fifth to its value, and the field will again become theirs. 20If, however, they do not redeem the field, or if they have sold it to someone else, it can never be redeemed. 21When the field is released in the Jubilee, it will become holy, like a field devoted to the Lord; it will become priestly property.
22‘ “If anyone dedicates to the Lord a field they have bought, which is not part of their family land, 23the priest will determine its value up to the Year of Jubilee, and the owner must pay its value on that day as something holy to the Lord. 24In the Year of Jubilee the field will revert to the person from whom it was bought, the one whose land it was. 25Every value is to be set according to the sanctuary shekel, twenty gerahs to the shekel.
26‘ “No one, however, may dedicate the firstborn of an animal, since the firstborn already belongs to the Lord; whether an ox#The Hebrew word can include both male and female. or a sheep, it is the Lord’s. 27If it is one of the unclean animals, it may be bought back at its set value, adding a fifth of the value to it. If it is not redeemed, it is to be sold at its set value.
28‘ “But nothing that a person owns and devotes#The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord. to the Lord – whether a human being or an animal or family land – may be sold or redeemed; everything so devoted is most holy to the Lord.
29‘ “No one devoted to destruction#The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them. may be ransomed; they are to be put to death.
30‘ “A tithe of everything from the land, whether grain from the soil or fruit from the trees, belongs to the Lord; it is holy to the Lord. 31Whoever would redeem any of their tithe must add a fifth of the value to it. 32Every tithe of the herd and flock – every tenth animal that passes under the shepherd’s rod – will be holy to the Lord. 33No one may pick out the good from the bad or make any substitution. If anyone does make a substitution, both the animal and its substitute become holy and cannot be redeemed.” ’
34These are the commands the Lord gave Moses at Mount Sinai for the Israelites.
Footnotes for the Book of Leviticus
a 2 Or representative; also in verses 9 and 16
a 6 Or purification offering; here and throughout this chapter
b 11 That is, probably about 1.6 kilograms
c 12 Or representative
d 15 That is, about 12 grams
e 19 Or offering; atonement has been made for their
a 7 Or purification offering; also in verse 37
b 21 A few Hebrew manuscripts, Samaritan Pentateuch, Syriac and Targum (see 5:2); most Hebrew manuscripts any unclean, detestable thing
c 25 Or offering is
a 2 Or purification offering; here and throughout this chapter
b 4 The Hebrew word can include both male and female; also in verses 18 and 19.
a 13 The precise identification of some of the birds, insects and animals in this chapter is uncertain.
a 2 The Hebrew word for defiling skin disease, traditionally translated ‘leprosy’, was used for various diseases affecting the skin; here and throughout verses 3-46.
b 2 Or descendants
c 45 Or clothes, uncover their head
a 15 Or purification offering; also in verse 30
b 31 Or my tabernacle
a 3 The Hebrew word can include both male and female.
b 7 Or the demons
c 11 Or atonement by the life in the blood
a 4 Or unclean as a leader among his people
b 10 Or not uncover his head
a 13 That is, probably about 3.2 kilograms; also in verse 17
b 13 That is, about 1 litre
c 19 Or purification offering
d 27 Or and fast; similarly in verses 29 and 32
e 38 Or These festivals are in addition to the Lord’s Sabbaths, and these offerings are
a 11 Or my tabernacle
b 30 Or your funeral offerings