Wives for the Benjaminites
1The men of Israel had taken an oath at Mizpah: ‘Not one of us will give his daughter in marriage to a Benjaminite.’
2The people went to Bethel,# where they sat before God until evening, raising their voices and weeping bitterly. 3‘Lord, God of Israel,’ they cried, ‘why has this happened to Israel? Why should one tribe be missing from Israel today?’
4Early the next day the people built an altar and presented burnt offerings and fellowship offerings.
5Then the Israelites asked, ‘Who from all the tribes of Israel has failed to assemble before the Lord?’ For they had taken a solemn oath that anyone who failed to assemble before the Lord at Mizpah was to be put to death.
6Now the Israelites grieved for the tribe of Benjamin, their fellow Israelites. ‘Today one tribe is cut off from Israel,’ they said. 7‘How can we provide wives for those who are left, since we have taken an oath by the Lord not to give them any of our daughters in marriage?’ 8Then they asked, ‘Which one of the tribes of Israel failed to assemble before the Lord at Mizpah?’ They discovered that no one from Jabesh Gilead had come to the camp for the assembly. 9For when they counted the people, they found that none of the people of Jabesh Gilead were there.
10So the assembly sent twelve thousand fighting men with instructions to go to Jabesh Gilead and put to the sword those living there, including the women and children. 11‘This is what you are to do,’ they said. ‘Kill every male and every woman who is not a virgin.’ 12They found among the people living in Jabesh Gilead four hundred young women who had never slept with a man, and they took them to the camp at Shiloh in Canaan.
13Then the whole assembly sent an offer of peace to the Benjaminites at the rock of Rimmon. 14So the Benjaminites returned at that time and were given the women of Jabesh Gilead who had been spared. But there were not enough for all of them.
15The people grieved for Benjamin, because the Lord had made a gap in the tribes of Israel. 16And the elders of the assembly said, ‘With the women of Benjamin destroyed, how shall we provide wives for the men who are left? 17The Benjaminite survivors must have heirs,’ they said, ‘so that a tribe of Israel will not be wiped out. 18We can’t give them our daughters as wives, since we Israelites have taken this oath: “Cursed be anyone who gives a wife to a Benjaminite.” 19But look, there is the annual festival of the Lord in Shiloh, which lies north of Bethel, east of the road that goes from Bethel to Shechem, and south of Lebonah.’
20So they instructed the Benjaminites, saying, ‘Go and hide in the vineyards 21and watch. When the young women of Shiloh come out to join in the dancing, rush from the vineyards and each of you seize one of them to be your wife. Then return to the land of Benjamin. 22When their fathers or brothers complain to us, we will say to them, “Do us the favour of helping them, because we did not get wives for them during the war. You will not be guilty of breaking your oath because you did not give your daughters to them.” ’
23So that is what the Benjaminites did. While the young women were dancing, each man caught one and carried her off to be his wife. Then they returned to their inheritance and rebuilt the towns and settled in them.
24At that time the Israelites left that place and went home to their tribes and clans, each to his own inheritance.
25In those days Israel had no king; everyone did as they saw fit.
Footnotes for the Book of Judges
a 5 Bokim means weepers.
b 9 Also known as Timnath Serah (see Joshua 19:50 and 24:30)
c 16 Or leaders; similarly in verses 17-19
a 4 Traditionally judging
b 11 Or father-in-law
a 19 That is, probably about 16 kilograms
b 25 Or Take a full-grown, mature bull from your father’s herd
c 25 That is, a wooden symbol of the goddess Asherah; also in verses 26, 28 and 30
d 26 Or build with layers of stone an
e 26 Or full-grown; also in verse 28
f 32 Jerub-Baal probably means let Baal contend.
a 4 That is, about 800 grams
b 29 Septuagint; Hebrew him. Then he said to Abimelek, ‘Call out your whole army!’
c 37 The Hebrew for this phrase means the navel of the earth.
d 39 Or Gaal went out in the sight of
a 16 Or the Sea of Reeds
b 20 Or however, would not make an agreement for Israel
a 18 Or is wonderful
a 16 Or made a heap or two; the Hebrew for donkey sounds like the Hebrew for heap.
b 17 Ramath Lehi means jawbone hill.
c 19 En Hakkore means caller’s spring.
d 20 Traditionally judged
a 2 That is, about 13 kilograms
b 4 That is, about 2.3 kilograms
c 8 Or To carry on his profession
d 10 That is, about 115 grams
a 18 Hebrew, Vulgate, Syriac and Targum; Septuagint going home
a 2 Or to the house of God