1Joseph threw himself on his father and wept over him and kissed him. 2Then Joseph directed the physicians in his service to embalm his father Israel. So the physicians embalmed him, 3taking a full forty days, for that was the time required for embalming. And the Egyptians mourned for him seventy days.
4When the days of mourning had passed, Joseph said to Pharaoh’s court, ‘If I have found favour in your eyes, speak to Pharaoh for me. Tell him, 5“My father made me swear an oath and said, ‘I am about to die; bury me in the tomb I dug for myself in the land of Canaan.’ Now let me go up and bury my father; then I will return.” ’
6Pharaoh said, ‘Go up and bury your father, as he made you swear to do.’
7So Joseph went up to bury his father. All Pharaoh’s officials accompanied him – the dignitaries of his court and all the dignitaries of Egypt – 8besides all the members of Joseph’s household and his brothers and those belonging to his father’s household. Only their children and their flocks and herds were left in Goshen. 9Chariots and horsemen# also went up with him. It was a very large company.
10When they reached the threshing-floor of Atad, near the Jordan, they lamented loudly and bitterly; and there Joseph observed a seven-day period of mourning for his father. 11When the Canaanites who lived there saw the mourning at the threshing-floor of Atad, they said, ‘The Egyptians are holding a solemn ceremony of mourning.’ That is why that place near the Jordan is called Abel Mizraim.#
12So Jacob’s sons did as he had commanded them: 13they carried him to the land of Canaan and buried him in the cave in the field of Machpelah, near Mamre, which Abraham had bought along with the field as a burial place from Ephron the Hittite. 14After burying his father, Joseph returned to Egypt, together with his brothers and all the others who had gone with him to bury his father.
Joseph reassures his brothers
15When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, ‘What if Joseph holds a grudge against us and pays us back for all the wrongs we did to him?’ 16So they sent word to Joseph, saying, ‘Your father left these instructions before he died: 17“This is what you are to say to Joseph: I ask you to forgive your brothers the sins and the wrongs they committed in treating you so badly.” Now please forgive the sins of the servants of the God of your father.’ When their message came to him, Joseph wept.
18His brothers then came and threw themselves down before him. ‘We are your slaves,’ they said.
19But Joseph said to them, ‘Don’t be afraid. Am I in the place of God? 20You intended to harm me, but God intended it for good to accomplish what is now being done, the saving of many lives. 21So then, don’t be afraid. I will provide for you and your children.’ And he reassured them and spoke kindly to them.
The death of Joseph
22Joseph stayed in Egypt, along with all his father’s family. He lived a hundred and ten years 23and saw the third generation of Ephraim’s children. Also the children of Makir son of Manasseh were placed at birth on Joseph’s knees.#
24Then Joseph said to his brothers, ‘I am about to die. But God will surely come to your aid and take you up out of this land to the land he promised on oath to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.’ 25And Joseph made the Israelites swear an oath and said, ‘God will surely come to your aid, and then you must carry my bones up from this place.’
26So Joseph died at the age of a hundred and ten. And after they embalmed him, he was placed in a coffin in Egypt.
Footnotes for the Book of Genesis
a 5 Or land; also in verse 6
b 6 Or mist
c 7 The Hebrew for man (adam) sounds like and may be related to the Hebrew for ground (adamah); it is also the name Adam (see verse 20).
d 12 Or good; pearls
e 13 Possibly south-east Mesopotamia
f 20 Or the man
g 21 Or took part of the man’s side
h 22 Or part
a 1 Or The man
b 1 Cain sounds like the Hebrew for brought forth or acquired.
c 1 Or have acquired
d 8 Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Masoretic Text does not have ‘Let’s go out to the field.’
e 15 Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Hebrew Very well
f 16 Nod means wandering (see verses 12 and 14).
g 22 Or who instructed all who work in
h 25 Seth probably means granted.
i 26 Or to proclaim
a 3 Or My spirit will not remain in
b 3 Or corrupt
c 14 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
d 15 That is, about 135 metres long, 23 metres wide and 14 metres high
e 16 That is, about 45 centimetres
f 16 The meaning of the Hebrew for this clause is uncertain.
a 21 Or humans, for
a 2 Sons may mean descendants or successors or nations; also in verses 3, 4, 6, 7, 20-23, 29 and 31.
b 4 Some manuscripts of the Masoretic Text and Samaritan Pentateuch (see also Septuagint and 1 Chron. 1:7); most manuscripts of the Masoretic Text Dodanites
c 8 Father may mean ancestor or predecessor or founder; also in verses 13, 15, 24 and 26.
d 10 Or Uruk and Akkad – all of them in
e 10 That is, Babylonia
f 11 Or Nineveh with its city squares
g 15 Or of the Sidonians, the foremost
h 21 Or Shem, the elder brother of
i 23 See Septuagint and 1 Chron. 1:17; Hebrew Mash.
j 24 Hebrew; Septuagint father of Cainan, and Cainan was the father of
k 25 Peleg means division.
a 2 Or be seen as blessed
b 3 Or earth / will use your name in blessings (see 48:20)
c 7 Or seed
a 1 That is, Babylonia; also in verse 9
b 13 Or a relative; or an ally
a 11 Ishmael means God hears.
b 12 Or live to the east / of
c 13 Or seen the back of
d 14 Beer Lahai Roi means well of the Living One who sees me.
a 3 Or eyes, Lord
b 6 That is, probably about 16 kilograms
c 18 Or will use his name in blessings (see 48:20)
d 22 Masoretic Text; an ancient Hebrew scribal tradition but the Lord remained standing before Abraham
e 24 Or forgive; also in verse 26
a 16 That is, about 12 kilograms
a 13 Many manuscripts of the Masoretic Text, Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint and Syriac; most manuscripts of the Masoretic Text a ram behind him
b 18 Or seed
c 18 Or and all nations on earth will use the name of your offspring in blessings (see 48:20)
a 7 Or seed
b 10 That is, North-west Mesopotamia
c 22 That is, about 5.7 grams
d 22 That is, about 115 grams
e 55 Or she
f 63 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
a 4 Or seed
b 4 Or and all nations on earth will use the name of your offspring in blessings (see 48:20)
c 20 Esek means dispute.
d 21 Sitnah means opposition.
e 22 Rehoboth means room.
f 33 Shibah can mean oath or seven.
g 33 Beersheba can mean well of the oath and well of seven.
a 2 That is, North-west Mesopotamia; also in verses 5, 6 and 7
b 3 Hebrew El-Shaddai
c 13 Or There beside him
d 14 Or will use your name and the name of your offspring in blessings (see 48:20)
e 19 Bethel means house of God.
f 20,21 Or Since God … father’s household, the Lord
g 21,22 Or household, and the Lord will be my God, 22then
a 6 Dan here means he has vindicated.
b 8 Naphtali means my struggle.
c 11 Or ‘A troop is coming!’
d 11 Gad can mean good fortune or a troop.
e 13 Asher means happy.
f 18 Issachar sounds like the Hebrew for reward.
g 20 Zebulun probably means honour.
h 24 Joseph means may he add.
a In Hebrew texts 32:1-32 is numbered 32:2-33.
b 2 Mahanaim means two camps.
c 7 Or camps
d 8 Or camp
e 28 Israel probably means he struggles with God.
f 30 Peniel means face of God.
g 31 Hebrew Penuel, a variant of Peniel
a 7 Or against
b 10 Or move about freely; also in verse 21
c 27 Or because
a 16 Masoretic Text; Samaritan Pentateuch (also verse 11 and 1 Chron. 1:36) does not have Korah.
b 22 Hebrew Hemam, a variant of Homam (see 1 Chron. 1:39)
c 24 Vulgate; Syriac discovered water; the meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
d 26 Hebrew Dishan, a variant of Dishon
e 39 Many manuscripts of the Masoretic Text, Samaritan Pentateuch and Syriac (see also 1 Chron. 1:50); most manuscripts of the Masoretic Text Hadar
a 29 Perez means breaking out.
b 30 Zerah can mean scarlet or brightness.
a 38 Or of the gods
b 43 Or in the chariot of his second-in-command; or in his second chariot
c 43 Or Bow down
d 45 That is, Heliopolis; also in verse 50
e 51 Manasseh sounds like and may be derived from the Hebrew for forget.
f 52 Ephraim sounds like the Hebrew for twice fruitful.
a 14 Hebrew El-Shaddai
a 13 Samaritan Pentateuch and Syriac (see also 1 Chron. 7:1); Masoretic Text Puvah
b 13 Samaritan Pentateuch and some Septuagint manuscripts (see also Num. 26:24 and 1 Chron. 7:1); Masoretic Text Iob
c 15 That is, North-west Mesopotamia
d 16 Samaritan Pentateuch and Septuagint (see also Num. 26:15); Masoretic Text Ziphion
e 20 That is, Heliopolis
f 27 Hebrew; Septuagint the nine children
g 27 Hebrew (see also Exodus 1:5 and note); Septuagint (see also Acts 7:14) seventy-five
h 29 Hebrew around him
a 3 Hebrew El-Shaddai
b 7 That is, North-west Mesopotamia
c 20 The Hebrew is singular.
d 21 The Hebrew is plural.
e 22 The Hebrew for ridge of land is identical with the place name Shechem.
a 9 Or charioteers
b 11 Abel Mizraim means mourning of the Egyptians.
c 23 That is, were counted as his
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