1rael and Judah. 1And the people of the land took Jehoahaz son of Josiah and made him king in Jerusalem in place of his father.
Jehoahaz king of Judah
2Jehoahaz#Hebrew Joahaz, a variant of Jehoahaz; also in verse 4 was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem for three months. 3The king of Egypt dethroned him in Jerusalem and imposed on Judah a levy of a hundred talents#That is, about 3.4 metric tons of silver and a talent#That is, about 34 kilograms of gold. 4The king of Egypt made Eliakim, a brother of Jehoahaz, king over Judah and Jerusalem and changed Eliakim’s name to Jehoiakim. But Necho took Eliakim’s brother Jehoahaz and carried him off to Egypt.
Jehoiakim king of Judah
5Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem for eleven years. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord his God. 6Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon attacked him and bound him with bronze shackles to take him to Babylon. 7Nebuchadnezzar also took to Babylon articles from the temple of the Lord and put them in his temple#Or palace there.
8The other events of Jehoiakim’s reign, the detestable things he did and all that was found against him, are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah. And Jehoiachin his son succeeded him as king.
Jehoiachin king of Judah
9Jehoiachin was eighteen#One Hebrew manuscript, some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac (see also 2 Kings 24:8); most Hebrew manuscripts eight years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem for three months and ten days. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord. 10In the spring, King Nebuchadnezzar sent for him and brought him to Babylon, together with articles of value from the temple of the Lord, and he made Jehoiachin’s uncle,#Hebrew brother, that is, relative (see 2 Kings 24:17) Zedekiah, king over Judah and Jerusalem.
Zedekiah king of Judah
11Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem for eleven years. 12He did evil in the eyes of the Lord his God and did not humble himself before Jeremiah the prophet, who spoke the word of the Lord. 13He also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him take an oath in God’s name. He became stiff-necked and hardened his heart and would not turn to the Lord, the God of Israel. 14Furthermore, all the leaders of the priests and the people became more and more unfaithful, following all the detestable practices of the nations and defiling the temple of the Lord, which he had consecrated in Jerusalem.
The fall of Jerusalem
15The Lord, the God of their ancestors, sent word to them through his messengers again and again, because he had pity on his people and on his dwelling-place. 16But they mocked God’s messengers, despised his words and scoffed at his prophets until the wrath of the Lord was aroused against his people and there was no remedy. 17He brought up against them the king of the Babylonians,#Or Chaldeans who killed their young men with the sword in the sanctuary, and did not spare young men or young women, the elderly or the infirm. God gave them all into the hands of Nebuchadnezzar. 18He carried to Babylon all the articles from the temple of God, both large and small, and the treasures of the Lord’s temple and the treasures of the king and his officials. 19They set fire to God’s temple and broke down the wall of Jerusalem; they burned all the palaces and destroyed everything of value there.
20He carried into exile to Babylon the remnant, who escaped from the sword, and they became servants to him and his successors until the kingdom of Persia came to power. 21The land enjoyed its sabbath rests; all the time of its desolation it rested, until the seventy years were completed in fulfilment of the word of the Lord spoken by Jeremiah.
22In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfil the word of the Lord spoken by Jeremiah, the Lord moved the heart of Cyrus king of Persia to make a proclamation throughout his realm and also to put it in writing:
23‘This is what Cyrus king of Persia says:
‘ “The Lord, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth and he has appointed me to build a temple for him at Jerusalem in Judah. Any of his people among you may go up, and may the Lord their God be with them.” ’
Footnotes for the Book of 2 Chronicles
a In Hebrew texts 2:1 is numbered 1:18, and 2:2-18 is numbered 2:1-17.
b 3 Hebrew Huram, a variant of Hiram; also in verses 11 and 12
c 8 Probably a variant of almug
d 10 That is, probably about 3,200 metric tons of wheat
e 10 That is, probably about 2,700 metric tons of barley
f 10 That is, about 440,000 litres
a 1 That is, about 9 metres long and wide and 4.5 metres high
b 2 That is, about 2.3 metres
c 2 That is, about 14 metres
d 3 That is, about 45 centimetres
e 5 That is, about 7.5 centimetres
f 5 That is, about 66,000 litres
g 17 Hebrew Zeredatha, a variant of Zarethan
a 19 The Hebrew is plural.
b 21 See some Septuagint manuscripts, Old Latin, Syriac, Arabic and Targum; Hebrew And though this temple is now so imposing, all
a 4 Or and the ascent by which he went up to
b 9 That is, about 4 metric tons
c 10 Probably a variant of almug-wood
d 13 That is, about 23 metric tons
e 15 That is, about 6.9 kilograms
f 16 That is, about 3.5 kilograms
g 21 Hebrew of ships that could go to Tarshish
h 21 Hebrew Huram, a variant of Hiram
i 25 Or charioteers
a 1 That is, Judah, as frequently in 2 Chronicles
b 3 That is, people from the upper Nile region
a In Hebrew texts 14:1 is numbered 13:23, and 14:2-15 is numbered 14:1-14.
b 3 That is, wooden symbols of the goddess Asherah; here and elsewhere in 2 Chronicles
a 4 Also known as Abel Beth Maakah
b 8 That is, people from the upper Nile region
c 8 Or charioteers
a 2 Or and make alliances with
a 2 That is, Judah, as frequently in 2 Chronicles
b 17 Hebrew Jehoahaz, a variant of Ahaziah
a 6 Or are to stand guard where the Lord has assigned them
b 14 Or out from the precincts
c 16 Or covenant between the Lord and the people and the king that they (see 2 Kings 11:17)
a 4 Deut. 24:16
b 6 That is, about 3.4 metric tons; also in verse 9
c 17 Hebrew Joash, a variant of Jehoash; also in verses 18, 21, 23 and 25
d 23 Hebrew Jehoahaz, a variant of Ahaziah
e 23 That is, about 180 metres
f 28 Most Hebrew manuscripts; some Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac (see also 2 Kings 14:20) David
a 5 That is, about 3.4 metric tons
b 5 That is, probably about 1,600 metric tons of wheat
c 5 That is, probably about 1,350 metric tons of barley
a 21 Or purification offering; also in verses 23 and 24
a 4 Hebrew; Septuagint and Syriac king
b 5 Or the Millo
c 22 Hebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate He gave them rest
a 20 Also called Akbor son of Micaiah
b 22 One Hebrew manuscript, Vulgate and Syriac; most Hebrew manuscripts do not have had sent with him.
c 22 Also called Tikvah
d 22 Also called Harhas
e 25 Or by everything they have done