Saul takes his life
1Now the Philistines fought against Israel; the Israelites fled before them, and many fell dead on Mount Gilboa. 2The Philistines were in hot pursuit of Saul and his sons, and they killed his sons Jonathan, Abinadab and Malki-Shua. 3The fighting grew fierce around Saul, and when the archers overtook him, they wounded him critically.
4Saul said to his armour-bearer, ‘Draw your sword and run me through, or these uncircumcised fellows will come and run me through and abuse me.’
But the armour-bearer was terrified and would not do it; so Saul took his own sword and fell on it. 5When the armour-bearer saw that Saul was dead, he too fell on his sword and died with him. 6So Saul and his three sons and his armour-bearer and all his men died together that same day.
7When the Israelites along the valley and those across the Jordan saw that the Israelite army had fled and that Saul and his sons had died, they abandoned their towns and fled. And the Philistines came and occupied them.
8The next day, when the Philistines came to strip the dead, they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. 9They cut off his head and stripped off his armour, and they sent messengers throughout the land of the Philistines to proclaim the news in the temple of their idols and among their people. 10They put his armour in the temple of the Ashtoreths and fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan.
11When the people of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, 12all their valiant men marched through the night to Beth Shan. They took down the bodies of Saul and his sons from the wall of Beth Shan and went to Jabesh, where they burned them. 13Then they took their bones and buried them under a tamarisk tree at Jabesh, and they fasted seven days.
Footnotes for the Book of 1 Samuel
a 1 Horn here symbolises strength; also in verse 10.
b 17 Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint; Masoretic Text people
c 20 Dead Sea Scrolls; Masoretic Text and asked from
d 25 Or the judges
e 29 The Hebrew is plural.
a 7 Or ‘Gods have (see Septuagint)
b 18 Traditionally judged
c 21 Ichabod means no glory.
a 19 A few Hebrew manuscripts; most Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint 50,070
a 1 Traditionally judges
b 5 Traditionally judge; also in verses 6 and 20
c 16 Septuagint; Hebrew young men
a 1 Hebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate over his people Israel? You will reign over the Lord’s people and save them from the power of their enemies round about. And this will be a sign to you that the Lord has anointed you ruler over his inheritance:
a 11 Also called Gideon
b 11 Some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac; Hebrew Bedan
c 11 Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac Samson
a 14 Or about 2,000 square metres
b 15 Or a terrible panic
c 18 Hebrew; Septuagint ‘Bring the ephod.’ (At that time he wore the ephod before the Israelites.)
d 27 Or his strength was renewed; similarly in verse 29
e 41 Septuagint; Hebrew does not have ‘Why … at fault.
f 47 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint king
g 47 Hebrew; Septuagint he was victorious
a 14 Or and a harmful; similarly in verses 15, 16 and 23
a 10 Or a harmful
b 19 Or However,
a 25 Septuagint; Hebrew wall. Jonathan arose
b 42 In Hebrew texts this sentence (20:42b) is numbered 21:1.
a 15 Or he was afraid because
b 28 Sela Hammahlekoth means rock of parting.
c 29 In Hebrew texts this verse (23:29) is numbered 24:1.
a 1 Hebrew and some Septuagint manuscripts; other Septuagint manuscripts Maon
b 18 That is, probably about 27 kilograms
c 22 Some Septuagint manuscripts; Hebrew with David’s enemies
d 44 Hebrew Palti, a variant of Paltiel