Micaiah prophesies against Ahab
1For three years there was no war between Aram and Israel. 2But in the third year Jehoshaphat king of Judah went down to see the king of Israel. 3The king of Israel had said to his officials, ‘Don’t you know that Ramoth Gilead belongs to us and yet we are doing nothing to retake it from the king of Aram?’
4So he asked Jehoshaphat, ‘Will you go with me to fight against Ramoth Gilead?’
Jehoshaphat replied to the king of Israel, ‘I am as you are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses.’ 5But Jehoshaphat also said to the king of Israel, ‘First seek the counsel of the Lord.’
6So the king of Israel brought together the prophets – about four hundred men – and asked them, ‘Shall I go to war against Ramoth Gilead, or shall I refrain?’
‘Go,’ they answered, ‘for the Lord will give it into the king’s hand.’
7But Jehoshaphat asked, ‘Is there no longer a prophet of the Lord here whom we can enquire of?’
8The king of Israel answered Jehoshaphat, ‘There is still one prophet through whom we can enquire of the Lord, but I hate him because he never prophesies anything good about me, but always bad. He is Micaiah son of Imlah.’
‘The king should not say such a thing,’ Jehoshaphat replied.
9So the king of Israel called one of his officials and said, ‘Bring Micaiah son of Imlah at once.’
10Dressed in their royal robes, the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah were sitting on their thrones at the threshing-floor by the entrance of the gate of Samaria, with all the prophets prophesying before them. 11Now Zedekiah son of Kenaanah had made iron horns and he declared, ‘This is what the Lord says: “With these you will gore the Arameans until they are destroyed.” ’
12All the other prophets were prophesying the same thing. ‘Attack Ramoth Gilead and be victorious,’ they said, ‘for the Lord will give it into the king’s hand.’
13The messenger who had gone to summon Micaiah said to him, ‘Look, the other prophets without exception are predicting success for the king. Let your word agree with theirs, and speak favourably.’
14But Micaiah said, ‘As surely as the Lord lives, I can tell him only what the Lord tells me.’
15When he arrived, the king asked him, ‘Micaiah, shall we go to war against Ramoth Gilead, or not?’
‘Attack and be victorious,’ he answered, ‘for the Lord will give it into the king’s hand.’
16The king said to him, ‘How many times must I make you swear to tell me nothing but the truth in the name of the Lord?’
17Then Micaiah answered, ‘I saw all Israel scattered on the hills like sheep without a shepherd, and the Lord said, “These people have no master. Let each one go home in peace.” ’
18The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, ‘Didn’t I tell you that he never prophesies anything good about me, but only bad?’
19Micaiah continued, ‘Therefore hear the word of the Lord: I saw the Lord sitting on his throne with all the multitudes of heaven standing round him on his right and on his left. 20And the Lord said, “Who will entice Ahab into attacking Ramoth Gilead and going to his death there?”
‘One suggested this, and another that. 21Finally, a spirit came forward, stood before the Lord and said, “I will entice him.”
22‘ “By what means?” the Lord asked.
‘ “I will go out and be a deceiving spirit in the mouths of all his prophets,” he said.
‘ “You will succeed in enticing him,” said the Lord. “Go and do it.”
23‘So now the Lord has put a deceiving spirit in the mouths of all these prophets of yours. The Lord has decreed disaster for you.’
24Then Zedekiah son of Kenaanah went up and slapped Micaiah in the face. ‘Which way did the spirit from# the Lord go when he went from me to speak to you?’ he asked.
25Micaiah replied, ‘You will find out on the day you go to hide in an inner room.’
26The king of Israel then ordered, ‘Take Micaiah and send him back to Amon the ruler of the city and to Joash the king’s son 27and say, “This is what the king says: put this fellow in prison and give him nothing but bread and water until I return safely.” ’
28Micaiah declared, ‘If you ever return safely, the Lord has not spoken through me.’ Then he added, ‘Mark my words, all you people!’
Ahab killed at Ramoth Gilead
29So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah went up to Ramoth Gilead. 30The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, ‘I will enter the battle in disguise, but you wear your royal robes.’ So the king of Israel disguised himself and went into battle.
31Now the king of Aram had ordered his thirty-two chariot commanders, ‘Do not fight with anyone, small or great, except the king of Israel.’ 32When the chariot commanders saw Jehoshaphat, they thought, ‘Surely this is the king of Israel.’ So they turned to attack him, but when Jehoshaphat cried out, 33the chariot commanders saw that he was not the king of Israel and stopped pursuing him.
34But someone drew his bow at random and hit the king of Israel between the sections of his armour. The king told his chariot driver, ‘Wheel around and get me out of the fighting. I’ve been wounded.’ 35All day long the battle raged, and the king was propped up in his chariot facing the Arameans. The blood from his wound ran onto the floor of the chariot, and that evening he died. 36As the sun was setting, a cry spread through the army: ‘Every man to his town. Every man to his land!’
37So the king died and was brought to Samaria, and they buried him there. 38They washed the chariot at a pool in Samaria (where the prostitutes bathed),# and the dogs licked up his blood, as the word of the Lord had declared.
39As for the other events of Ahab’s reign, including all he did, the palace he built and adorned with ivory, and the cities he fortified, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel? 40Ahab rested with his ancestors. And Ahaziah his son succeeded him as king.
Jehoshaphat king of Judah
41Jehoshaphat son of Asa became king of Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel. 42Jehoshaphat was thirty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem for twenty-five years. His mother’s name was Azubah daughter of Shilhi. 43In everything he followed the ways of his father Asa and did not stray from them; he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord. The high places, however, were not removed, and the people continued to offer sacrifices and burn incense there.# 44Jehoshaphat was also at peace with the king of Israel.
45As for the other events of Jehoshaphat’s reign, the things he achieved and his military exploits, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah? 46He rid the land of the rest of the male-shrine prostitutes who remained there even after the reign of his father Asa. 47There was then no king in Edom; a provincial governor ruled.
48Now Jehoshaphat built a fleet of trading ships# to go to Ophir for gold, but they never set sail – they were wrecked at Ezion Geber. 49At that time Ahaziah son of Ahab said to Jehoshaphat, ‘Let my men sail with yours,’ but Jehoshaphat refused.
50Then Jehoshaphat rested with his ancestors and was buried with them in the city of David his father. And Jehoram his son succeeded him as king.
Ahaziah king of Israel
51Ahaziah son of Ahab became king of Israel in Samaria in the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and he reigned over Israel for two years. 52He did evil in the eyes of the Lord, because he followed the ways of his father and mother and of Jeroboam son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin. 53He served and worshipped Baal and aroused the anger of the Lord, the God of Israel, just as his father had done.
Footnotes for the Book of 1 Kings
a 22 That is, probably about 5 metric tons
b 22 That is, probably about 10 metric tons
c 26 Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 2 Chron. 9:25); Hebrew forty
d 26 Or charioteers
e 34 In Hebrew texts 4:21-34 is numbered 5:1-14.
a 1 Hebrew; Septuagint four hundred and fortieth
b 2 That is, about 27 metres long, 9 metres wide and 14 metres high
c 3 That is, about 9 metres; also in verses 16 and 20
d 3 That is, about 4.5 metres; also in verses 23-26
e 6 That is, about 2.3 metres; also in verses 10 and 24
f 6 That is, about 2.7 metres
g 6 That is, about 3.2 metres
h 8 Septuagint; Hebrew middle
i 17 That is, about 18 metres
a 6 The Hebrew is plural.
b 8 See some Septuagint manuscripts, Old Latin, Syriac, Arabic and Targum; Hebrew And though this temple is now imposing, all
c 13 Kabul sounds like the Hebrew for good-for-nothing.
e 14 That is, about 4 metric tons
f 15 Or the Millo; also in verse 24
g 18 The Hebrew may also be read Tamar.
h 19 Or charioteers
i 21 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.
j 26 Or the Sea of Reeds
k 28 That is, about 14 metric tons
a 27 Or the Millo
b 33 Hebrew; Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac because he has
a 10 Or Israel – every ruler or leader
b 14 The meaning of the Hebrew for this sentence is uncertain.
c 15 That is, wooden symbols of the goddess Asherah; here and elsewhere in 1 Kings
d 31 Some Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint (see also 2 Chron. 12:16); most Hebrew manuscripts Abijam
a 24 That is, about 68 kilograms
a 32 That is, probably about 11 kilograms
a 12 Or in Sukkoth; also in verse 16
b 39 That is, about 34 kilograms
c 42 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.
a 24 Or Spirit of
b 38 Or Samaria and cleaned the weapons
c 43 In Hebrew texts this sentence (22:43b) is numbered 22:44, and 22:44-53 is numbered 22:45-54.
d 48 Hebrew of ships of Tarshish