Psalm 114#sn Psalm 114. The psalmist recalls the events of the exodus and conquest and celebrates God’s kingship over his covenant people.
1 When Israel left Egypt,
when the family of Jacob left a foreign nation behind,#tn Heb “the house of Jacob from a nation speaking a foreign language.” The Hebrew verb לָעַז (la’at, “to speak a foreign language”) occurs only here in the OT.
2 Judah became his sanctuary,
Israel his kingdom.
3 The sea looked and fled;#sn The psalmist recalls the crossing of the Red Sea (Exod 14:21).
the Jordan River#tn Heb “the Jordan” (also in v. 5). The word “River” is not in the Hebrew text, but has been supplied in the translation for clarity. turned back.#sn The psalmist recalls the crossing of the Jordan River (Josh 3:13, 16).
4 The mountains skipped like rams,
the hills like lambs.#sn The mountains skipped like rams, the hills like lambs. This may recall the theophany at Sinai when the mountain shook before God’s presence (Exod 19:18).
5 Why do you flee, O sea?
Why do you turn back, O Jordan River?
6 Why do you skip like rams, O mountains,
like lambs, O hills?
7 Tremble, O earth, before the Lord –
before the God of Jacob,
8 who turned a rock into a pool of water,
a hard rock into springs of water!#sn In v. 8 the psalmist recalls the event(s) recorded in Exod 17:6 and/or Num 20:11 (see also Deut 8:15 and Ps 78:15-16, 20).