Priests and Their Food
1Then#Or “And” Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 2“Tell#Or “Speak to” Aaron and his sons#Literally “to Aaron and to his sons” that#Or “and” they must deal respectfully with the Israelites’#Literally “sons/children of Israel” votive offerings, and they must not profane my holy name, which they are consecrating to me; I am Yahweh.
3“Say to them, ‘Throughout your generations, any man from any of your offspring who comes near the votive offerings that the Israelites#Literally “sons/children of Israel” consecrate to Yahweh with#Or “and” his uncleanness on him, that person shall be cut off#Or “and that person shall be cut off” from before me;#Literally “to the faces of me” I am Yahweh.
4“ ‘Anyone#Literally “A man a man” from Aaron’s offspring, if#Or “and” he is afflicted with a skin disease or a fluid discharge, shall not eat in the sanctuary until#Literally “until which” he is clean; and the one who touches any unclean person or a man from whom an emission of semen goes out, 5or a man who touches any swarmer that is unclean for him or who touches a person who is unclean for him due to#Literally “for” whatever his uncleanness, 6a person who touches such a thing#Hebrew “him” or “it” shall be unclean until the evening, and he shall not eat from the votive offerings, except#Or “but if” or “but rather” when he washes#Or “bathes” his body with water 7and the sun sets,#Literally “the sun goes” or “the sun enters” and he shall be clean; then#Or “and” afterward he may eat from the votive offerings, because it is his food. 8He shall not eat a naturally dead body or#Or “and” a mangled carcass, so that he becomes unclean#Literally “to become unclean” by it; I am Yahweh.
9“ ‘And they shall keep my obligation, and they shall not incur guilt because of it, so that#Or “and” they die through it, because they have profaned it; I am Yahweh who consecrates them.
10“ ‘No stranger shall eat#Literally “And any stranger shall not eat” the votive offering; nor shall a temporary resident with#Hebrew “of” a priest or#Or “and” a hired worker eat the votive offering. 11But#Or “And” a priest, if with his money he buys a person as his possession,#Literally “property of” that one may eat it, and the descendants of his house themselves may eat his food. 12And a priest’s daughter, when she marries a layman,#Literally “she becomes for a strange man” she herself may not eat the votive offering.#Literally “the offering/lifting of the votive offering” 13But#Or “And” a priest’s daughter, when she becomes a widow or#Or “and” divorced or there is no offspring for her, and she returns to her father’s house as in her childhood, she may eat from her father’s food, but#Or “and” no layman may eat it.#Literally “any stranger shall not eat it” 14And if a man eats the votive offering unintentionally, then#Or “and” he shall add to it a fifth of it, and he shall give the votive offering to the priest. 15And they shall not profane the Israelites’#Literally “sons/children of Israel” votive offerings that they present to Yahweh, 16and so cause them, by their eating their votive offerings, to bear guilt requiring a guilt offering, because I am Yahweh, who consecrates them.’ ”
17Then#Or “And” Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 18“Speak to Aaron and to his sons and to all the Israelites,#Literally “sons/children of Israel” and say to them, ‘Anyone from the house of Israel or#Or “and” from the alien in Israel who presents his offering for any of their vows or#Or “and” for any of their freewill offerings that they present to Yahweh as a burnt offering, 19it must be without defect to be acceptable for you:#Literally “for your acceptance” a male among the cattle, among the sheep, or#Or “and” among the goats. 20You shall not present any animal in which is a physical defect, because it shall not be acceptable#Literally “for acceptance” for you. 21And if anyone brings a sacrifice of fellowship offerings for Yahweh to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering from#Or “among” the cattle or from#Or “among” the flock,#The Hebrew term refers collectively to both sheep and goats (small livestock animals) it must be without defect to be acceptable;#Literally “for acceptance” there must not be any physical defect in it. 22The blind or the injured or the maimed or the seeping or one with a skin disorder or one with a skin eruption—these you shall not present to Yahweh, nor shall you give from them an offering made by fire on the altar for Yahweh. 23As for#Or “And” an ox or sheep that is deformed or#Or “and” that is stunted, you may present it as a freewill offering, but#Or “and” for a vow it will not be accepted. 24And you shall not present anything for Yahweh with bruised or#Or “and” shattered or#Or “and” torn or#Or “and” cut-off testicles, and you shall not sacrifice#Literally “do” or “make” such in your land. 25And you shall not present your God’s food from any of these by the hand of a foreigner,#Literally “a son of a foreign land” because their deformity is in them; a physical defect is in them; they shall not be accepted for you.’ ”
26Then#Or “And” Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 27“When an ox or a sheep or a goat is born, then#Or “and” it shall be under its mother for seven days, and from the eighth day and beyond it is acceptable as an offering made by fire for Yahweh. 28And you shall not slaughter an ox or a sheep and its young#Literally “his son” or “his child” on the same day.#Literally “on day one” or “in one day” 29And when you sacrifice a sacrifice of thanksgiving to Yahweh, you must sacrifice it to be acceptable for you. 30It must be eaten on that day; you must not leave over anything from it until morning; I am Yahweh.
31“Thus#Or “And” you shall keep my commands, and you shall do them; I am Yahweh.
32“And you shall not profane my holy name, so that I may be consecrated in the midst of the Israelites;#Literally “sons/children of Israel” I am Yahweh, who consecrates you, 33the one who brought you out from the land of Egypt to be as God for you; I am Yahweh.”