Laws for Grain Offerings
1“ ‘When a person#Or “a soul” brings a grain offering to Yahweh, his offering must be finely milled flour, and he must pour out oil on it and place frankincense on it. 2And he shall bring it to the sons of Aaron, the priests, and he#That is, the priest—see v. 9 shall take his handful from its finely milled flour#Literally “from there his handful from its finely milled flour” and from its oil in addition to all its frankincense. The priest#Or “And the priest” shall turn its token portion into smoke on the altar as an offering made by fire, as an appeasing fragrance for Yahweh. 3The remainder#Or “And the remainder” of the grain offering belongs to#Literally “for” Aaron and to his sons—it is a most holy thing#Literally “a holiness of holinesses” from the offerings made by fire for#Hebrew “of” Yahweh.
4“ ‘But if you bring a grain offering of something oven-baked, it must be of finely milled flour as ring-shaped unleavened bread mixed with oil or wafers of unleavened bread smeared with oil. 5If your offering is a grain offering baked on a#Hebrew “the” flat baking pan, it must be finely milled flour, unleavened bread mixed with oil; 6break it into pieces and pour out oil on it; it is a grain offering.
7“ ‘If#Or “And if” your offering is a grain offering prepared in a cooking pan, it must be with finely milled flour in oil. 8And you shall bring the grain offering that is made from these things to Yahweh, and the offerer#Changing from 2ms in the first verb to 3ms in the second verb apparently moves from general to specific; NET takes the second verb as an imperative (“Present it”), and NJPS translates it as an indefinite 3ms, making it passive (“it shall be brought”) shall bring it to the priest, and he shall bring it to the altar. 9And the priest shall take away from the grain offering its token portion, and he shall turn it into smoke on the altar as an offering made by fire, as an appeasing fragrance for Yahweh. 10And the remainder of the grain offering belongs to#Literally “for” Aaron and to his sons—it is a most holy thing#Literally “a holiness of holinesses” from the offerings made by fire for#Hebrew “of” Yahweh.
11“ ‘Every grain offering you#The first time a plural 2m verb has been employed since 1:2 bring to Yahweh must not be made of yeasted food, because you must not turn into smoke any yeast or any honey from#Hebrew “from it” an offering made by fire for Yahweh. 12As an offering of the choicest portion, you#Another occurrence of the 2mp may bring them to Yahweh, but they must not be offered on the altar as an appeasing fragrance. 13Also all#Or “And all” of your grain offerings you must season with salt; you#Or “and you” must not omit the salt of your God’s covenant from your offering.
14“ ‘And if you bring to Yahweh a grain offering of firstfruits, you must bring an ear of new grain roasted by fire, coarsely crushed ripe grain, as the grain offering of your firstfruits. 15And you shall put oil on it and place frankincense on it; it is a grain offering. 16The#Or “And the” priest shall turn into smoke its token portion from its coarsely crushed grain together with all of its frankincense—it is an offering made by fire for Yahweh.’ ”