Paul’s Ministry Recognized by the Jerusalem Apostles
1 Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking along Titus also. 2Now I went up there because of a revelation and laid out to them the gospel that I preach among the Gentiles, but in private to the influential people, lest somehow I was running, or had run, in vain. 3But not even Titus who was with me, although#*Here “although” is supplied as a component of the participle (“was”) which is understood as concessive he was a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised. 4Now this was because of the false brothers secretly brought in, who slipped in to spy out our freedom that we have in Christ Jesus, in order that they might enslave us, 5to whom not even for an hour did we yield in subjection, in order that the truth of the gospel might remain continually with you. 6But from those who were influential#Literally “who were thought to be something” (whatever they were, it makes no difference to me, God does not show partiality#Literally “God does not receive the face of man”)—for those who were influential added nothing to me. 7But these, when they#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“saw”) which is understood as temporal saw that I had been entrusted with the gospel to the uncircumcision, just as Peter to the circumcision 8(for the one who was at work through Peter for his apostleship to the circumcision was at work also through me for the Gentiles), 9and when James and Cephas and John—those thought to be pillars—acknowledged the grace given to me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship, in order that we should go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcision. 10They asked only that we should remember the poor, the very thing I was also eager to do.
Paul Confronts Peter at Antioch
11But when Cephas came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he was condemned. 12For before certain people came from James, he used to eat with the Gentiles, but when they came, he withdrew and separated himself, because he#*Here “because” is supplied as a component of the participle (“was afraid of”) which is understood as causal was afraid of those who were of the circumcision, 13and the rest of the Jews also joined in this hypocrisy with him, so that even Barnabas was carried away with them in their hypocrisy. 14But when I saw that they were not being straightforward with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas in the presence of them all, “If you, although you#*Here “although” is supplied as a component of the participle (“are”) which is understood as concessive are a Jew, live like a Gentile and not like a Jew, how can you try to compel the Gentiles to live like Jews?”
Justified by Faith in Christ
15We are Jews by nature and not sinners from among the Gentiles, 16but knowing that a person is not justified by the works of the law, if not by faith in Jesus Christ,#Or “by the faithfulness of Jesus Christ” and we have believed in Christ Jesus so that we may be justified by faith in Christ#Or “by the faithfulness of Christ” and not by the works of the law, because by the works of the law no human being will be justified#Literally “all flesh will not be justified”. 17But if while seeking to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also have been found to be sinners, then is Christ an agent of sin? May it never be! 18For if I build up again these things which I destroyed, I show myself to be a transgressor. 19For through the law I died to the law, in order that I might live to God. I have been crucified with Christ, 20and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me, and that life I now live in the flesh, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me. 21I do not declare invalid the grace of God, for if righteousness is through the law, then Christ died to no purpose.