Ezekiel 31
Pharaoh Is Warned Through Assyria’s Destruction
1And then#Literally “and it happened/it was” in the eleventh#Literally “on one ten” year, in the third month, on the first day of the month, the word of Yahweh came#Literally “was” to me, saying,#Literally “to say” 2“Son of man,#Or “mortal,” or “son of humankind” say to Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, and to his crowd,#Or “hordes”
‘To whom are you like in your greatness?
3Look! Assyria was a cedar in Lebanon,
with beautiful branches#Hebrew “branch” and a forest giving shade,
and very high,#Literally “high of height”
and its treetop was between the clouds.
4Waters made it great,
the deep made it grow high;
its rivers were going all around its planting area,#Literally “base of its tree”; NRSV, “in the place where it was planted”
and its channels it sent out
to all of the trees of the field.
5Therefore it became tall,
with its height more than all of the trees of the field,
and its branches became numerous,
and its branches became long
from its sending its shoots from abundant water.#Literally “from water much at sending shoots its”
6In its branches all the birds#Hebrew “bird” of the heaven#Or “sky” made their nest,
and under its branches all the animals#Hebrew “animal” of the field gave birth,
and in its shadow all the many nations lived.
7And it was beautiful in its greatness,
in the length of its branches,
for its root was toward much water.
8Cedars in the garden of God
could not be equal to it;
fir trees#Or possibly, juniper could not resemble its branches,
and plane trees were not even like its branches;
any tree even in the garden of God
could not resemble it in its beauty.
9I made it beautiful with the abundance of its branches,
and all of the trees of Eden that were in the garden of God envied it.’ ”
10Therefore thus says the Lord Yahweh: “Because#Literally “because that” it was tall in height and it set its treetop between#Hebrew “to between” thick clouds, and he took pride in his tallness,#Literally “and his heart he raised in his tallness” 11then#Or “and” I gave it into the hand of the leader of nations; he dealt thoroughly#Literally “doing he did” with it according to its wickedness. I drove it out. 12And strangers cut it off, the most ruthless of nations, and they abandoned it. On the mountains and in all of the valleys its branches fell, and its branches were broken in all the river channels of the land, and all the peoples of the world went out from its shadow, and they abandoned it. 13On its fallen trunk all the birds#Hebrew “bird” of the heaven#Or “sky” now dwell, and all the animals of the field were on its branches. 14This occurred so that all of the trees with abundant water will not become tall, and they will not set their treetop between#Or “among” their thick foliage,#Or “clouds” and so thatall of the trees that are abundantly watered#Literally “all of the drinkers of water” will not stand up to them#Literally “will not stand to them” in their tallness, for all of them, they have been given over to death, to the world below in the midst of mortals,#Literally “sons of men,” or “children of humankind” to the people going down to the grave.”#Or “pit”
15Thus says the Lord Yahweh: “On the day of its going down to Sheol, I caused mourning; I covered over it with the deep, and I withheld its rivers, and many waters were restrained, and I brought gloom over it; Lebanon and all of the trees of the field, they had fainted because of it. 16From the sound of its downfall I caused nations to shake when I made it go down to Sheol, with the people going down to the grave,#Or “the pit” and so in the world below all of the trees of Eden, the choice and the best of Lebanon, all the well-watered trees#Literally “all ofthe drinkers of water” were comforted! 17They also went down with it to Sheol to those who died by the sword,#Literally “to the slain of the sword” and its army who had lived in its shadow in the midst of nations.
18To whom could you be compared, whether in glory or in majesty#Literally “To who you are like as in glory and in majesty” among the trees of Eden? And yet you will be brought down with the trees of Eden to the world below; in the midst of the uncircumcised you will lie with those who died by the sword.#Literally “the slain of the sword” That is Pharaoh and his entire#Literally “all his hordes/crowd” crowd!”#Or “hordes” declares#Literally “declaration of” the Lord Yahweh.
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