1 “When#Or “If” a man takes a wife and he marries her and then#Literally “and it will happen” she does not please him,#Literally “if not she finds favor in his eyes” because he found something objectionable#Literally “shameful/repulsive thing” and writes her a letter of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her away from his house, 2and she goes from his house, and she goes out and becomes a wife for another man,#Literally “for a man other” 3and then the second man dislikes her and he writes her a letter of divorce and places it into her hand and sends her from his house, or if the second man dies who took her to himself#Literally “to for him” as a wife, 4her first husband who sent her away is not allowed to take her again#Literally “to return to take her” to become a wife to him after she has been defiled,#Literally “become unclean” for that is a detestable thing before#Literally “to the face of” Yahweh, and so you shall not mislead into sin the land that Yahweh your God is giving to you as an inheritance.
5“When#Or “If” a man takes a new wife he shall not go out with the army, and he shall not be obligated with anything;#Literally “he shall not come across come over upon him to anything” he shall be free from obligation, to stay at home#Literally “for his house” for one year, and he shall bring joy to his wife that he took.
6“A person#Hebrew “he” shall not take#Or “require” a pair of millstones or an upper millstone, for he is taking necessities of life as a pledge.#Literally “for a life he is taking as a pledge”
7“If a man is caught#Literally “found” kidnapping somebody from among his countrymen,#Or “brothers” the Israelites,#Literally “sons/children of Israel” and he treats him as a slave or he sells him, then that kidnapper shall die, and so you shall purge the evil from among you.#Literally “from your midst”
8Be watchful#Or “Be careful” with respect to#Literally “against” an outbreak of any infectious skin disease, by being very careful and by acting#Or “doing” according to all that the priests and the Levites have instructed you, just as I have commanded them, so you shall diligently observe.#Literally “so you shall observe to do” 9So remember what Yahweh your God did to Miriam on the journey when you went out from Egypt.#Literally “in you to go out from Egypt”
10“When you make a loan to your neighbor, a loan of any kind, you shall not go into his house to take his pledge.#Literally “to pledge with respect to his pledge” 11You shall wait outside, and the man to whom you are lending, he shall bring the pledge outside to you. 12And if he is a needy man, you shall not sleep in his pledge.#“His pledge” refers to “a garment given as pledge” 13You shall certainly return the pledge to him as the sun sets,#Literally “as/at the moment of the going out of the sun” so that he may sleep in his cloak and may bless you, and it shall be considered righteousness on your behalf#Literally “to you” before#Literally “to the face of” Yahweh your God.
14“You shall not exploit a hired worker, who is needy and poor, from among your fellow men or from among your aliens#Hebrew “alien” who are in your land and in your towns.#Literally “gates” 15On his day you shall give his wage, and the sun shall not go down,#Literally “over him” because he is poor and his life depends on it;#Literally “and to him it is a lifting up with respect to his life/soul” do this so that he does not cry out against you to Yahweh, and you incur guilt.#Literally “and it becomes against you as sin
16“Fathers shall not be put to death because of their children, and children shall not be put to death because of their fathers; each one shall be put to death for his own sin. 17You shall not subvert the rights of an alien or an orphan, and you shall not take as pledge the garment of a widow. 18And you shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt and that Yahweh your God redeemed you from there; therefore I am commanding you to do this commandment.
19“When#Or “If” you reap your harvest in your field and you forget a sheaf in the field, you shall not return to get it, for it shall be for the alien, for the orphan, and for the widow, so that Yahweh your God may bless you in all the work of your hands. 20When you beat off the fruit of your olive trees you shall not search through the branches afterward, for it#That is, what is left shall be for the alien, for the orphan, and for the widow.
21When you harvest grapes, you shall not glean your vineyards again;#Literally “behind/after you” it#That is, what is left shall be for the alien, for the orphan, and for the widow. 22And you shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, therefore I am commanding you to do this thing.”