Paul’s Commendation of Phoebe
1I commend to you # 2Co 3:1 our sister Phoebe, who is a servant # Others interpret this term in a technical sense: deacon, or deaconess, or minister, or courier of the church in Cenchreae. # Ac 18:18 2So you should welcome her in the Lord # Php 2:29 in a manner worthy of the saints and assist her in whatever matter she may require your help. For indeed she has been a benefactor of many — and of me also.
Greeting to Roman Christians
3Give my greetings to Prisca # Traditionally, Priscilla, as in Ac 18:2,18,26 and Aquila, # Ac 18:2 my coworkers in # Rm 8:11; 2Co 5:17; 12:2; Gl 1:22 Christ Jesus, # Rm 8:1 4who risked their own necks for my life. Not only do I thank them, but so do all the Gentile churches.
5Greet also the church that meets in their home. # 1Co 16:19; Col 4:15; Phm 2
Greet my dear friend Epaenetus, who is the first convert # Lit the firstfruits # 1Co 16:15 to Christ from Asia. # Other mss read Achaia # Ac 16:6
6Greet Mary, # Or Maria who has worked very hard for you. # Other mss read us
7Greet Andronicus and Junia, # Either a feminine name or “Junias,” a masculine name my fellow countrymen # Rm 9:3; 16:21 and fellow prisoners. # Col 4:10; Phm 23 They are noteworthy in the eyes of the apostles, # Or are outstanding among # “The apostles” is not always a technical term referring to the 12; cp. 2Co 8:23; Php 2:25 where this word is translated as “messenger.” and they were also in Christ before me.
8Greet Ampliatus, my dear friend in the Lord.
9Greet Urbanus, our coworker in Christ, and my dear friend Stachys.
10Greet Apelles, who is approved in Christ.
Greet those who belong to the household of Aristobulus. # 1Co 1:11
11Greet Herodion, my fellow countryman.
Greet those who belong to the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord.
12Greet Tryphaena and Tryphosa, who have worked hard in the Lord.
Greet my dear friend Persis, who has worked very hard in the Lord.
13Greet Rufus, # Mk 15:21 chosen in the Lord; also his mother — and mine.
14Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers who are with them.
15Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. # Rm 16:2
16Greet one another with a holy kiss. # 1Co 16:20; 2Co 13:12; 1Th 5:26; 1Pt 5:14
All the churches of Christ send you greetings.
Warning against Divisive People
17Now I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause dissensions and obstacles contrary to the doctrine you have learned. # 1Tm 1:3; 6:3 Avoid them, # Mt 7:15; Gl 1:8-9; 2Th 3:6,14; Ti 3:10; 2Jn 10 18for such people do not serve our Lord Christ # Rm 14:18 but their own appetites. # Lit belly # Php 3:19 They deceive the hearts of the unsuspecting with smooth talk and flattering words. # Col 2:4; 2Pt 2:3
Paul’s Gracious Conclusion
19The report of your obedience has reached everyone. # Rm 1:8 Therefore I rejoice over you. But I want you to be wise about what is good, yet innocent about what is evil. # Jr 4:22; Mt 10:16; 1Co 14:20 20The God of peace # Rm 15:33 will soon crush Satan # Mt 4:10 under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus be with you. # 1Co 16:23; 2Co 13:13; Gl 6:18; Php 4:23; 1Th 5:28; 2Th 3:18; Rv 22:21
21Timothy, # Ac 16:1 my coworker, and Lucius, # Ac 13:1 Jason, # Ac 17:5 and Sosipater, # Ac 20:4 my fellow countrymen, greet you.
22I Tertius, who wrote this letter, # 1Co 16:21; Gl 6:11; Col 4:18; 2Th 3:17; Phm 19 greet you in the Lord. # Or letter in the Lord, greet you
23Gaius, # Ac 20:4; 1Co 1:14 who is host to me and to the whole church, greets you. Erastus, # Ac 19:22 the city treasurer, and our brother Quartus greet you.
24The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. # Other mss omit bracketed text; cp. v. 20
Glory to God
25Now to Him who has power to strengthen you # Eph 3:20; Jd 24 according to my gospel and the proclamation about Jesus Christ, # Rm 2:16 according to the revelation of the mystery kept silent # Mt 13:35; Rm 11:25; 1Co 2:1,7; 4:1; Eph 1:9; 3:3,9; 6:19; Col 1:26; 2:2; 4:3; 1Tm 3:16 for long ages # 2Tm 1:9; Ti 1:2 26but now revealed and made known through the prophetic Scriptures, # Rm 1:2 according to the command of the eternal God to advance the obedience of faith # Or the obedience that is faith, or the faithful obedience, or the obedience that comes from faith ; Rm 1:5 # Rm 1:5 among all nations — 27to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ — to Him be the glory forever! # Other mss have these vv. at the end of chap 14 or 15. # Rm 11:36 Amen.