Aaron’s Sons and the Levites
1These are the family records of Aaron and Moses at the time the Lord spoke with Moses on Mount Sinai. # Ex 19:3 2These are the names of Aaron’s sons: Nadab, the firstborn, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. 3These are the names of Aaron’s sons, the anointed priests, who were ordained to serve as priests. 4But Nadab and Abihu died in the Lord’s presence when they presented unauthorized fire # Lv 10:1-2 before the Lord in the Wilderness of Sinai, and they had no sons. So Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests under the direction of Aaron their father. # Lv 10:6; Nm 4:16,28,33
5The Lord spoke to Moses: 6“Bring the tribe of Levi near and present them to Aaron the priest to assist him. 7They are to perform duties for # Or to guard him and the entire community before the tent of meeting by attending to the service of the tabernacle. 8They are to take care of # Or to guard all the furnishings of the tent of meeting # Nm 1:50,53 and perform duties for # Or and guard the Israelites by attending to the service of the tabernacle. 9Assign the Levites to Aaron and his sons; they have been assigned exclusively to him # Some Hb mss, LXX, Sam read Me ; Nm 8:16 from the Israelites. # Nm 8:16,19,22; 18:6 10You are to appoint Aaron and his sons to carry out their priestly responsibilities, but any unauthorized person who comes near the sanctuary must be put to death.” # Nm 1:51; 3:38; 8:19; 18:7
11The Lord spoke to Moses: 12“See, I have taken the Levites from the Israelites in place of every firstborn Israelite from the womb. # Ex 13:1-2; 32:26-29; Nm 3:6,12-13,40-43; 8:16-18; 18:1 The Levites belong to Me, 13because every firstborn belongs to Me. At the time I struck down every firstborn in the land of Egypt, # Ex 13:15-16 I consecrated every firstborn in Israel to Myself, both man and animal. They are Mine; I am Yahweh.” # Ex 3:14-16; 6:6-7; Nm 3:41,45
The Levitical Census
14The Lord spoke to Moses in the Wilderness of Sinai: 15“Register the Levites by their ancestral houses and their clans. You are to register every male one month old or more.” 16So Moses registered them in obedience to the Lord as he had been commanded:
17These were Levi’s sons by name: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. 18These were the names of Gershon’s sons by their clans: Libni and Shimei. 19Kohath’s sons by their clans were Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. 20Merari’s sons by their clans were Mahli and Mushi. These were the Levite clans by their ancestral houses. # Ex 6:17-19; 1Ch 6:1,16,20-29
21The Libnite clan and the Shimeite clan came from Gershon; these were the Gershonite clans. 22Those registered, counting every male one month old or more, numbered 7,500. 23The Gershonite clans camped behind the tabernacle on the west side, # Nm 2:18-24 24and the leader of the Gershonite family was Eliasaph son of Lael. 25The Gershonites’ duties # Nm 4:24-26 at the tent of meeting involved the tabernacle, the tent, its covering, the screen for the entrance to the tent of meeting, # Ex 26:7,14,36-37; 35:11,15 26the hangings of the courtyard, the screen for the entrance # Ex 27:9-19; 35:17-18; 38:9-31 to the courtyard that surrounds the tabernacle and the altar, and the tent ropes — all the work relating to these.
27The Amramite clan, the Izharite clan, the Hebronite clan, and the Uzzielite clan came from Kohath; these were the Kohathites. 28Counting every male one month old or more, there were 8,600 # LXX reads 8,300 responsible for the duties of # Or for guarding the sanctuary. 29The clans of the Kohathites camped on the south side of the tabernacle, # Nm 2:10-16 30and the leader of the family of the Kohathite clans was Elizaphan son of Uzziel. 31Their duties involved the ark, the table, the lampstand, the altars, the sanctuary utensils that were used with these, and the screen # The screen between the most holy place and the holy place; Ex 35:12 # Ex 35:12 — and all the work relating to them. # Ex 25:10–27:21 32The chief of the Levite leaders was Eleazar # Ex 6:23-25; 28:1; Lv 10:6,12,16; Nm 3:2,4 son of Aaron the priest; he had oversight of those responsible for the duties of # Or for guarding the sanctuary.
33The Mahlite clan and the Mushite clan came from Merari; these were the Merarite clans. 34Those registered, counting every male one month old or more, numbered 6,200. 35The leader of the family of the Merarite clans was Zuriel son of Abihail; they camped on the north side of the tabernacle. # Nm 2:25-31 36The assigned duties of Merari’s descendants involved the tabernacle’s supports, crossbars, posts, bases, all its equipment, and all the work related to these, # Ex 35:1-13; Nm 4:31-32 37in addition to the posts of the surrounding courtyard with their bases, tent pegs, and ropes.
38Moses, Aaron, and his sons, who performed the duties of # Or who guarded the sanctuary as a service on behalf of the Israelites, camped in front of the tabernacle on the east, # Nm 2:3-9 in front of the tent of meeting toward the sunrise. Any unauthorized person who came near it was to be put to death. # Nm 1:51; 3:10; 8:19; 18:7
39The total number of all the Levite males one month old or more that Moses and Aaron # Some Hb mss, Sam, Syr omit and Aaron registered by their clans at the Lord’s command was 22,000.
Redemption of the Firstborn
40The Lord told Moses: “Register every firstborn male of the Israelites # Ex 13:1-2; Nm 8:16-18 one month old or more, and list their names. 41You are to take the Levites for Me — I am Yahweh — in place of every firstborn among the Israelites, and the Levites’ cattle in place of every firstborn among the Israelites’ cattle.” 42So Moses registered every firstborn among the Israelites, as the Lord commanded him. 43The total number of the firstborn males one month old or more listed by name was 22,273.
44The Lord spoke to Moses again: 45“Take the Levites in place of every firstborn among the Israelites, and the Levites’ cattle in place of their cattle. The Levites belong to Me; I am Yahweh. # Nm 3:13,41; 10:10; 15:40-41 46As the redemption price for the 273 firstborn Israelites who outnumber the Levites, 47collect five shekels for each person, according to the standard sanctuary shekel — 20 gerahs to the shekel. # Nm 18:16 48Give the money to Aaron and his sons as the redemption price for those who are in excess among the Israelites.”
49So Moses collected the redemption money from those in excess of the ones redeemed by the Levites. 50He collected the money from the firstborn Israelites: 1,365 shekels # Over 34 pounds of silver measured by the standard sanctuary shekel. 51He gave the redemption money to Aaron and his sons in obedience to the Lord, just as the Lord commanded Moses.