The Traditions of the Elders
1The # Mt 15:1-20 Pharisees # Mk 7:3 and some of the scribes # Mt 2:4 who had come from Jerusalem # Mt 23:37 gathered around Him. 2They observed that some of His disciples were eating their bread with unclean # Ac 10:28 — that is, unwashed — hands. 3(For the Pharisees, in fact all the Jews, will not eat unless they wash their hands ritually, keeping the tradition of the elders. 4When they come from the marketplace, # Mk 6:56 they do not eat unless they have washed. # Heb 6:2; 9:10 And there are many other customs they have received and keep, like the washing of cups, jugs, copper utensils, and dining couches. # Other mss omit and dining couches # Lk 5:18) 5Then the Pharisees # Mk 7:3 and the scribes # Mt 2:4 asked Him, “Why don’t Your disciples live according to the tradition of the elders, # 3Jn 1 instead of eating bread with ritually unclean # Other mss read with unwashed hands? ”
6He answered them, “Isaiah # Mt 3:3; 4:14; 12:17 prophesied # Jn 11:51 correctly about you hypocrites, # Lk 6:42 as it is written: # Ac 15:15
These people honor # 1Tm 5:3 Me with their lips,
but their heart is far from Me.
7They worship Me in vain,
teaching # Mt 28:20; Ac 4:2; 2Tm 4:11 as doctrines # Rm 15:4 the commands # Col 2:22 of men. # Is 29:13 # Is 29:13
8Disregarding the command of God, you keep the tradition of men.” # Other mss add The washing of jugs, and cups, and many other similar things you practice. 9He also said to them, “You completely invalidate God’s command in order to maintain # Other mss read to establish your tradition! 10For Moses # Ps 77:20; Mt 8:4; Heb 3:2 said:
Honor your father and your mother; # Ex 20:12; Dt 5:16 # Ex 20:12; Dt 5:16 and
Whoever speaks evil of father or mother
must be put to death. # Ex 21:17; Lv 20:9 # Ex 21:17; Lv 20:9
11But you say, ‘If a man tells his father or mother: Whatever benefit # Mk 5:26 you might have received from me is Corban’ ” (that is, a gift # Heb 5:1; 9:9; 11:4 committed to the temple), 12“you no longer let him do anything for his father or mother. 13You revoke God’s word # Mk 4:14; Lk 8:21; Jn 18:32 by your tradition that you have handed # Jd 3 down. And you do many other similar things.” 14Summoning # Lk 18:16 the crowd again, He told them, “Listen to Me, all of you, and understand: # Mt 13:13 15Nothing that goes into a person from outside can defile him, but the things that come out of a person are what defile him. 16If anyone has ears to hear, he should listen! ” # Other mss omit bracketed text
17When He went into the house away from the crowd, the disciples asked Him about the parable. 18And He said to them, “Are you also as lacking in understanding? Don’t you realize that nothing going into a man from the outside can defile him? 19For it doesn’t go into his heart but into the stomach # Php 3:19 and is eliminated.” # Lit goes out into the toilet (As a result, He made all foods clean. # Other mss read is eliminated, making all foods clean.” # 1Jn 1:7) 20Then He said, “What comes out of a person — that defiles him. 21For from within, out of people’s hearts, come evil thoughts, sexual immoralities, # 1Th 4:3 thefts, murders, # Pr 1:16 22adulteries, # Nm 5:11 greed, # Eph 5:3 evil actions, deceit, # Ps 10:7 promiscuity, # Rm 13:13; 2Co 12:21; Gl 5:19; Eph 4:19; 1Pt 4:3; 2Pt 2:2,7,18 stinginess, # Lit evil eye blasphemy, # Jn 10:33; Rv 13:6 pride, # Ps 17:10 and foolishness. # 2Co 11:1 23All these evil things come from within and defile a person.”
A Gentile Mother’s Faith
24He got up and departed from # Mt 15:21-28 there to the region of Tyre # Ac 21:7 and Sidon. # Other mss omit and Sidon # Gn 49:13 He entered a house and did not want anyone to know it, but He could not escape notice. 25Instead, immediately after hearing about Him, a woman whose little daughter had an unclean spirit # Lk 11:24 came and fell at His feet. # Lk 8:47 26Now the woman was Greek, # Ac 17:12 a Syrophoenician by birth, and she kept asking Him to drive the demon # Mk 3:15; Rv 9:20; 18:2 out of her daughter. 27He said to her, “Allow the children to be satisfied first, because it isn’t right to take the children’s bread and throw it to the dogs.” # Ex 22:31
28But she replied to Him, “Lord, # Lk 10:1 even the dogs under the table eat the children’s crumbs.”
29Then He told her, “Because of this reply, you may go. The demon has gone out of your daughter.” 30When she went back to her home, she found her child lying on the bed, and the demon was gone.
Jesus Does Everything Well
31Again, leaving the region of Tyre, # Ac 21:7 He went by way of Sidon to the Sea of Galilee, # Mt 4:18; 15:29; Mk 1:16; Jn 6:1 through # Or into the region of the Decapolis. # Mt 4:25; Mk 5:20 32They brought to Him a deaf # Lk 7:22 man who also had a speech difficulty, # Ex 4:11; Is 35:6; 56:10 and begged Jesus to lay His hand on # 1Tm 5:22 him. 33So He took him away from the crowd privately. After putting His fingers in the man’s ears and spitting, # Jn 9:6 He touched his tongue. 34Then, looking up to heaven, # Mt 24:35; Lk 12:33; Ac 17:24; Eph 6:9; Rv 21:10 He sighed deeply and said to him, “Ephphatha!” # An Aram expression (that is, “Be opened! ”). 35Immediately his ears were opened, # Phm 10 his speech difficulty was removed, # Lit opened, the bond of his tongue was untied and he began to speak clearly. # Lk 20:21 36Then He ordered them to tell no one, # Mk 1:44; Lk 8:56 but the more He would order them, the more they would proclaim # Mk 1:4 it.
37They were extremely astonished and said, “He has done everything well! # Gn 1:31 He even makes deaf # Lk 7:22 people hear, and people unable to speak, # Mk 9:17 talk! ”