The Sin of Favoritism
1My brothers, do not show favoritism as you hold on to the faith in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ. # Lv 19:15; Dt 1:17; Ac 10:34; Rm 2:11; Eph 6:9; Col 3:25 2For example, a man comes into your meeting wearing a gold ring and dressed in fine clothes, and a poor man dressed in dirty clothes also comes in. 3If you look with favor on the man wearing the fine clothes and say, “Sit here in a good place,” and yet you say to the poor man, “Stand over there,” or, “Sit here on the floor by my footstool,” 4haven’t you discriminated among yourselves and become judges with evil thoughts?
5Listen, my dear brothers: Didn’t God choose the poor in this world # Jb 34:19; 1Co 1:27 to be rich in faith # Lk 12:21; Rv 2:9 and heirs # Rm 4:13-14; 8:17; Gl 3:29; 4:7; Ti 3:7; Heb 1:2; 11:7 of the kingdom that He has promised to those who love Him? 6Yet you dishonored that poor man. # 1Co 11:22 Don’t the rich oppress you and drag # Ac 8:3; 17:6; 18:12 you into the courts? 7Don’t they blaspheme the noble name that was pronounced over you at your baptism? # Is 63:19; 65:1; Am 9:12; Ac 15:17
8Indeed, if you keep the royal law prescribed in the Scripture, Love your neighbor as yourself, # Lv 19:18; Mt 22:39 # Lv 19:18 you are doing well. 9But if you show favoritism, # Lv 19:15; Dt 1:17; Ac 10:34; Rm 2:11; Eph 6:9; Col 3:25 you commit sin and are convicted by the law as transgressors. 10For whoever keeps the entire law, yet fails in one point, is guilty of breaking it all. # Mt 5:10; Gl 3:10 11For He who said, Do not commit adultery, # Ex 20:14; Dt 5:18 also said, Do not murder. # Ex 20:13-14; Dt 5:17-18 # Ex 20:13; Dt 5:17 So if you do not commit adultery, but you do murder, you are a lawbreaker.
12Speak and act as those who will be judged by the law of freedom. # Mt 7:12,24-29; 19:17-21; 22:36-40; 28:20 13For judgment is without mercy to the one who hasn’t shown mercy. # Jb 22:6; Pr 21:13; Mt 5:7; 18:32-35 Mercy triumphs over judgment.
Faith and Works
14What good is it, my brothers, if someone says he has faith but does not have works? Can his faith # Or Can faith, or Can that faith, or Can such faith save him?
15If a brother or sister is without clothes and lacks daily food 16and one of you says to them, “Go in peace, keep warm, and eat well,” but you don’t give them what the body needs, what good is it? # Mt 25:35-36; Lk 3:11; 1Jn 3:16-18 17In the same way faith, if it doesn’t have works, is dead by itself.
18But someone will say, “You have faith, and I have works.” # The quotation may end here or after v. 18b or v. 19. Show me your faith without works, and I will show you faith from my works. # Other mss read Show me your faith from your works, and from my works I will show you my faith. # Rm 3:28; Heb 11:33; Jms 3:13 19You believe that God is one; you do well. The demons also believe — and they shudder. # Dt 6:4; Mt 8:29; Lk 4:34
20Foolish man! Are you willing to learn that faith without works is useless? 21Wasn’t Abraham our father justified by works when he offered Isaac his son on the altar? 22You see that faith was active together with his works, and by works, faith was perfected. # Gn 22:9; 1Th 1:3; Heb 11:17 23So the Scripture was fulfilled that says, Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him for righteousness, # Gn 15:6; Rm 4:3; Gl 3:6 # Gn 15:6 and he was called God’s friend. # 2Ch 20:7; Is 41:8 24You see that a man is justified by works and not by faith alone. 25And in the same way, wasn’t Rahab the prostitute also justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out by a different route? # Jos 2:4,6,15; Heb 11:31 26For just as the body without the spirit is dead, so also faith without works is dead.