Solomon’s Finest Song. # Or The Song of Songs, which is Solomon’s # 1Kg 4:32
W # The W, M, Y, N, and B indicate the editors’ opinions of the changes of speakers: W = Woman, M = Man, Y = Young women of Jerusalem, N = Narrator, B = Brothers. If a letter is in parenthesis (W), there is a question about the identity of the speaker.
2Oh, that he would kiss me with the kisses of his mouth!
For your # Unexpected change of grammatical persons, here from he and his to your, is a Hb poetic device. love is # Or your caresses are, or your lovemaking is more delightful than wine. # Sg 4:10
3The fragrance of your perfume is intoxicating; # Jn 12:3
your name is perfume poured out. # Ec 7:1
No wonder young women # Or wonder virgins adore you.
4Take me with you # Hs 11:4 — let us hurry.
Oh, that the king would bring # Or The king has brought me to his chambers.
We will rejoice and be glad for you;
we will praise your love more than wine.
It is only right that they adore you.
5Daughters of Jerusalem, # Sg 2:7; 3:5,10; 5:8,16; 8:4
I am dark like the tents of Kedar, # Ps 120:5; Is 60:7
yet lovely # Sg 2:14; 4:3; 6:4 like the curtains of Solomon.
6Do not stare at me because I am dark,
for the sun has gazed on me.
My mother’s sons were angry with me; # Ps 69:8
they made me a keeper of the vineyards. # Sg 8:11
I have not kept my own vineyard. # Lit my vineyard, which is mine
7Tell me, you, the one I love: # Sg 3:1-4
Where do you pasture your sheep? # Sg 2:16; 6:3
Where do you let them rest at noon? # Is 13:20; Jr 33:12
Why should I be like one who veils herself # Or who wanders # To express shame or grief, or to conceal identity as a prostitute would; Gn 38:14-15
beside the flocks of your companions? # Sg 8:13
M # Some understand the young women to be the speakers in this verse.
8If you do not know,
most beautiful of women, # Sg 5:9; 6:1
follow # Lit go out for yourself into the tracks of the flock,
and pasture your young goats
near the shepherds’ tents.
9I compare you, my darling, # Sg 1:15
to a # Lit my mare among Pharaoh’s chariots. # Pharaoh’s chariot horses were stallions. # 2Ch 1:16-17
10Your cheeks are beautiful with jewelry, # Sg 5:13
your neck with its necklace.
11We will make gold jewelry for you,
accented with silver.
12While the king is on his couch, # Or is at his table
my perfume # Lit nard releases its fragrance. # Sg 4:14; Mk 14:3; Jn 12:3
13My love is a sachet of myrrh to me, # Ps 45:8; Jn 19:39
spending the night between my breasts.
14My love is a cluster of henna blossoms to me, # Sg 4:13
in the vineyards of En-gedi. # = Wellspring of the Young Goat # 1Sm 23:29
15How beautiful you are, my darling.
How very beautiful!
Your eyes are doves. # Sg 4:1
16How handsome you are, my love. # Sg 2:3
Our bed is lush with foliage;
17the beams of our house are cedars,
and our rafters are cypresses. # Or firs, or pines