12Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, # Gn 2:17; 3:6,19; 1Co 15:21 and death through sin, # Rm 6:23; 1Co 15:56; Jms 1:15 in this way death spread to all men, # Rm 5:19,21; 1Co 15:22 because all sinned. # Or have sinned 13In fact, sin was in the world before the law, but sin is not charged to a person’s account when there is no law. # Rm 4:15 14Nevertheless, death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who did not sin in the likeness of Adam’s transgression. # Hs 6:7 He is a prototype # Or figure, or pattern ; = an OT person or thing that prefigures a NT person or thing of the Coming One. # 1Co 15:45 15But the gift is not like the trespass. For if by the one man’s trespass the many died, how much more have the grace of God and the gift overflowed to the many by the grace of the one man, # Ac 15:11 Jesus Christ. 16And the gift is not like the one man’s sin, because from one sin came the judgment, # 1Co 11:32 resulting in condemnation, but from many trespasses came the gift, resulting in justification. # Or acquittal 17Since by the one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive the overflow of grace and the gift of righteousness reign in life # 2Tm 2:12; Rv 22:5 through the one man, Jesus Christ. 18So then, as through one trespass there is condemnation for everyone, so also through one righteous act there is life-giving justification # Lit is justification of life # Rm 4:25 for everyone. 19For just as through one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, # Rm 11:32 so also through the one man’s obedience # Php 2:8 the many will be made righteous.