God’s Good News for Rome
1Paul, a slave of Christ Jesus, called as an apostle # Or Jesus, a called apostle # 1Co 1:1; 9:1; 2Co 1:1 and singled out # Ac 9:15; 13:2; Gl 1:15 for God’s good news # Mk 1:14 — 2which He promised long ago # Ti 1:2 through His prophets # Lk 1:70; Rm 3:21; 16:26 in the Holy Scriptures — 3concerning His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, who was a descendant of David # Lit was of the seed of David # Mt 1:1 according to the flesh # Jn 1:14; Rm 4:1; 9:3,5; 1Co 10:18 4and who has been declared to be the powerful # Ac 10:38; 13:33; 17:31; 26:23 Son of God # Mt 4:3 by the resurrection from the dead according to the Spirit of holiness. # Or the spirit of holiness, or the Holy Spirit 5We have received grace and apostleship # Ac 1:25; Gl 1:16 through Him to bring about # Or Him for ; lit Him into the obedience # Ac 6:7; Rm 16:26 of faith # Or the obedience that is faith, or the faithful obedience, or the obedience that comes from faith ; Rm 16:26 among all the nations, # Or Gentiles # Ac 9:15 on behalf of His name, 6including yourselves who also belong to Jesus Christ by calling: # Jd 1; Rv 17:14
7To all who are in Rome, loved by God, # Rm 5:5; 8:39; 1Th 1:4 called # Rm 8:28; 1Co 1:24 as saints. # 1Co 1:2-4
Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Paul’s Desire to Visit Rome
8First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you because the news of your faith # Or because your faith is being reported in all the world. # Rm 16:19 9For God, whom I serve with my spirit # 2Tm 1:3 in telling the good news about His Son, is my witness # Rm 9:1; 2Co 1:23; 11:31; Php 1:8; 1Th 2:5,10 that I constantly mention you, # Eph 1:16; Php 1:3-5; 1Th 1:2; 2Tm 1:3; Phm 4 10always asking in my prayers that if it is somehow in God’s will, I may now at last succeed in coming to you. # Ac 18:21; Rm 15:32 11For I want very much to see you, # Ac 19:21; Rm 15:23 so I may impart to you some spiritual gift to strengthen you, 12that is, to be mutually encouraged by each other’s faith, both yours and mine.
13Now I want you to know, # Lit I don’t want you to be unaware # 1Co 10:1; 11:3 brothers, that I often planned to come to you (but was prevented until now # Ac 19:21) in order that I might have a fruitful ministry # Lit have some fruit among you, # Jn 4:36; Rm 15:16; Php 1:22; Col 1:6 just as among the rest of the Gentiles. 14I am obligated both to Greeks and barbarians, # Or non-Greeks # Ac 28:2 both to the wise and the foolish. 15So I am eager to preach the good news # Rm 15:20; 1Co 9:16 to you also who are in Rome.
The Righteous Will Live by Faith
16For I am not ashamed of the gospel, # Other mss add of Christ # 2Tm 1:8,12,16 because it is God’s power for salvation # 1Co 1:18,24 to everyone who believes, first to the Jew, # Ac 3:26; Rm 2:9 and also to the Greek. # Jn 7:35 17For in it God’s righteousness is revealed from faith to faith, # Or revealed out of faith into faith # Rm 3:21; 9:30; Php 3:9 just as it is written: The righteous will live by faith. # Or The one who is righteous by faith will live # Hab 2:4; Gl 3:11; Heb 10:38 # Hab 2:4
The Guilt of the Gentile World
18For God’s wrath # Rm 5:9; Eph 5:6; Col 3:6 is revealed from heaven against all godlessness and unrighteousness of people who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth, # 2Th 2:6-10 19since what can be known # Or what is known about God is evident among them, # Ac 14:17; 17:24-27 because God has shown it to them. 20For His invisible attributes, that is, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen since the creation of the world, # Mk 10:6 being understood through what He has made. # Jb 12:7-9; Ps 19:1-6; Jr 5:21-22 As a result, people are without excuse. 21For though they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God or show gratitude. Instead, their thinking became nonsense, and their senseless minds were darkened. # 2Kg 17:15; Jr 2:5; Eph 4:17-20 22Claiming to be wise, they became fools # Jr 10:14; 1Co 1:20 23and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man, birds, four-footed animals, and reptiles. # Ps 106:20; Jr 2:11; Ac 17:29
24Therefore God delivered them over in the cravings of their hearts # Eph 2:3; 4:19 to sexual impurity, so that their bodies were degraded among themselves. 25They exchanged the truth of God for a lie, # Is 44:20; Jr 10:14; 13:25; 16:19 and worshiped and served something created instead of the Creator, who is praised forever. # Rm 9:5; 2Co 11:31 Amen.
From Idolatry to Depravity
26This is why God delivered them over to degrading passions. # 1Th 4:5 For even their females exchanged natural sexual relations # Lit natural use for unnatural ones. 27The males in the same way also left natural relations # Lit natural use with females and were inflamed in their lust for one another. Males committed shameless acts with males # Lv 18:22; 20:13; 1Co 6:9 and received in their own persons # Or in themselves the appropriate penalty of their error.
28And because they did not think it worthwhile to acknowledge God, God delivered them over to a worthless mind to do what is morally wrong. 29They are filled with all unrighteousness, # Other mss add sexual immorality evil, greed, and wickedness. They are full of envy, murder, quarrels, deceit, and malice. They are gossips, # 2Co 12:20 30slanderers, God-haters, arrogant, proud, boastful, # Ps 5:5 inventors of evil, disobedient to parents, # 2Tm 3:2 31undiscerning, untrustworthy, unloving, # Other mss add unforgiving # 2Tm 3:3 and unmerciful. 32Although they know full well God’s just sentence — that those who practice such things deserve to die # Lit things are worthy of death # Rm 6:21 — they not only do them, but even applaud # Lit even take pleasure in # Lk 11:48; Ac 8:1; 22:20 others who practice them.