Israel Worships Baal
1While Israel was staying in the Acacia Grove, # Or in Shittim # Nm 33:49; Jos 2:1; 3:1; Mc 6:5 the people began to have sexual relations with the women of Moab. 2The women invited them to the sacrifices for their gods, and the people ate and bowed in worship to their gods. # Ex 34:15-16; 1Co 10:8; Rv 2:14 3So Israel aligned itself with Baal of Peor, # Nm 23:28 and the Lord’s anger burned against Israel. # Dt 4:3; Ps 106:28-29; Hs 9:10 4The Lord said to Moses, “Take all the leaders of the people and execute # Or impale, or hang, or expose ; Hb obscure them in broad daylight before the Lord so that His burning anger may turn away from Israel.”
5So Moses told Israel’s judges, “Kill each of the men who aligned themselves with Baal of Peor.”
6An Israelite man came bringing a Midianite woman to his relatives in the sight of Moses and the whole Israelite community while they were weeping at the entrance to the tent of meeting. 7When Phinehas son of Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest, saw this, he got up from the assembly, took a spear in his hand, 8followed the Israelite man into the tent, # Perhaps a tent shrine or bridal tent and drove it through both the Israelite man and the woman — through her belly. Then the plague on the Israelites was stopped, 9but those who died in the plague numbered 24,000. # 1Co 10:8
10The Lord spoke to Moses, 11“Phinehas son of Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest, has turned back My wrath from the Israelites because he was zealous among them with My zeal, # Or jealousy # Ex 34:14; Zch 8:2 so that I did not destroy the Israelites in My zeal. 12Therefore declare: I grant him My covenant of peace. # Is 54:10; Ezk 34:25; 37:26; Mal 2:5 13It will be a covenant of perpetual priesthood for him and his future descendants, # Ex 40:15; Ps 106:30-31 because he was zealous for his God and made atonement for the Israelites.”
14The name of the slain Israelite man, who was struck dead with the Midianite woman, was Zimri son of Salu, the leader of a Simeonite ancestral house. 15The name of the slain Midianite woman was Cozbi, the daughter of Zur, a tribal head of an ancestral house in Midian.
Vengeance against the Midianites
16The Lord told Moses: 17“Attack the Midianites and strike them dead. 18For they attacked you with the treachery that they used against you in the Peor incident. They did the same in the case involving their sister Cozbi, daughter of the Midianite leader who was killed the day the plague came at Peor.”