1The words of Nehemiah # Neh 10:1 son of Hacaliah:
News from Jerusalem
During the month of Chislev # = November–December # Zch 7:1 in the twentieth year, # Artaxerxes reigned 465-425 b.c. # Ezr 7:1,8; Neh 2:1 when I was in the fortress city of Susa, # Est 1:2; Dn 8:2 2Hanani, # Neh 7:2 one of my brothers, arrived with men from Judah, and I questioned them about Jerusalem and the Jewish remnant # Ezr 9:8,15; Is 10:20-22 that had survived the exile. # Ezr 1:11 3They said to me, “The remnant in the province, # Ezr 2:1; Neh 11:3 who survived the exile, are in great trouble and disgrace. Jerusalem’s wall has been broken down, and its gates have been burned down.” # Ezr 4:12-13,16; Neh 2:13
Nehemiah’s Prayer
4When I heard these words, I sat down and wept. I mourned for a number of days, fasting and praying # Ezr 9:3; 10:1; Ps 35:13; Dn 9:3; Lk 2:37; Ac 13:3 before the God of heaven. # Ezr 1:2; Neh 2:4 5I said, # Dn 9:4-19
Yahweh, the God of heaven, the great and awe-inspiring God who keeps His gracious covenant with those who love Him # Dt 6:5; 7:9-11; Rm 8:28 and keep His commands, # Dn 9:4 6let Your eyes be open and Your ears be attentive # 2Ch 6:40 to hear Your servant’s prayer that I now pray to You day and night # Ps 88:1-2; 2Tm 1:3 for Your servants, the Israelites. I confess the sins # Lit sins of the Israelites we have committed against You. Both I and my father’s house have sinned. # Dn 9:5,8,20 7We have acted corruptly toward You and have not kept the commands, statutes, and ordinances You gave Your servant Moses. # 2Ch 29:6; Dn 9:5-6,11 8Please remember what You commanded Your servant Moses: “If you are unfaithful, I will scatter you among the peoples. # Dt 4:25-27; 28:64; Dn 9:7 9But if you return to Me and carefully observe My commands, even though your exiles were banished to the ends of the earth, # Lit skies I will gather them from there and bring them to the place where I chose to have My name dwell.” # Dt 30:1-5 10They are Your servants and Your people. You redeemed them by Your great power and strong hand. # Dt 9:29; Dn 9:15 11Please, Lord, let Your ear be attentive # 2Ch 6:40 to the prayer of Your servant and to that of Your servants who delight to revere Your name. Give Your servant success today, # Gn 24:12 and have compassion on him in the presence of this man. # = the king # Neh 2:1
At the time, I was the king’s cupbearer. # Gn 40:20