The Plot to Kill Jesus
1When Jesus had finished saying all this, # Mk 14:1-2; Lk 22:1-2; Jn 11:47-53 He told His disciples, 2“You know # Or Know (as a command) that the Passover takes place after two days, and the Son of Man will be handed over to be crucified.” # Jn 11:55; 13:1
3Then the chief priests # Other mss add and the scribes and the elders of the people assembled in the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, # Ps 2:2; Mt 26:57; Lk 3:2; Jn 11:47; 18:13,15; Ac 4:6 4and they conspired to arrest Jesus in a treacherous way and kill Him. # Mt 21:46; Jn 11:53 5“Not during the festival,” they said, “so there won’t be rioting among the people.”
The Anointing at Bethany
6While Jesus was in Bethany at the house of Simon, # Mk 14:3-9; Jn 12:1-8 a man who had a serious skin disease, 7a woman approached Him with an alabaster jar of very expensive fragrant oil. She poured it on His head as He was reclining at the table. 8When the disciples # Mt 10:1; 26:56; Mk 3:7; 16:20; Lk 6:13; Jn 12:16 saw it, they were indignant. “Why this waste? ” they asked. 9“This might have been sold for a great deal and given to the poor.”
10But Jesus, aware of this, said to them, “Why are you bothering this woman? She has done a noble thing for Me. 11You always have the poor with you, but you do not always have Me. # Dt 15:11; Jn 12:8 12By pouring this fragrant oil on My body, she has prepared Me for burial. 13I assure you: Wherever this gospel # Mt 24:14; Mk 1:1; 13:10 is proclaimed in the whole world, what this woman has done will also be told in memory of her.”
14Then # Mk 14:10-11; Lk 22:3-6 one of the Twelve — the man called Judas Iscariot — went to the chief priests # Mt 10:4; Jn 6:71; 12:4; 13:30; Ac 1:16 15and said, “What are you willing to give me if I hand Him over to you? ” So they weighed out 30 pieces of silver for him. # Ex 21:32; Zch 11:12-13; Mt 27:3 16And from that time he started looking for a good opportunity to betray Him.
Betrayal at the Passover
17On the first day of Unleavened Bread # Mk 14:12-16; Lk 22:7-13 the disciples came to Jesus and asked, “Where do You want us to prepare the Passover so You may eat it? ”
18“Go into the city to a certain man,” He said, “and tell him, ‘The Teacher says: My time is near; I am celebrating the Passover at your place # Lit Passover with you with My disciples.’ ” # Jn 7:6,8; 8:20; 13:1; 17:1 19So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them and prepared the Passover. 20When evening came, He was reclining at the table with the Twelve. 21While they were eating, He said, “I assure you: One of you will betray Me.” # Mk 14:17-21; Lk 22:21-23; Jn 13:21-26
22Deeply distressed, each one began to say to Him, “Surely not I, Lord? ”
23He replied, “The one who dipped his hand with Me in the bowl — he will betray Me. 24The Son of Man will go just as it is written about Him, # Dn 9:26; Mk 9:12; Lk 24:25-27; Ac 17:2-3; 26:22-23; 1Co 15:3; 1Pt 1:10 but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had not been born.”
25Then Judas, His betrayer, replied, “Surely not I, Rabbi? ” # Lk 22:70; Jn 1:38
“You have said it,” He told him.
The First Lord’s Supper
26As they were eating, # Mk 14:22-25; Lk 22:17-20: 1Co 11:23-25 Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, gave it to the disciples, # Mt 10:1; 26:56; Mk 3:7; 16:20; Lk 6:13; Jn 12:16 and said, “Take and eat it; this is My body.” # Mt 14:19; 1Co 10:16 27Then He took a cup, and after giving thanks, He gave it to them and said, “Drink from it, all of you. 28For this is My blood that establishes the covenant; # Other mss read new covenant it is shed for many for the forgiveness of sins. # Ex 24:8; Mt 20:28; Mk 1:4; Heb 9:20 29But I tell you, from this moment I will not drink of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it in a new way # Or drink new wine ; lit drink it new in My Father’s kingdom # Mt 4:23; Mk 1:15; Ac 20:25 with you.” 30After singing psalms, # Pss 113–118 were sung during and after the Passover meal. they went out to the Mount of Olives. # Mt 21:1; Lk 22:39; Jn 18:1
Peter’s Denial Predicted
31Then Jesus said to them, “Tonight all of you will run away # Or stumble because of Me, for it is written:
I will strike the shepherd,
and the sheep of the flock will be scattered. # Zch 13:7; Mt 11:6; Jn 16:32 # Zch 13:7
32But after I have been resurrected, I will go ahead of you to Galilee.” # Mt 28:7,10,16; Mk 16:7
33Peter told Him, “Even if everyone runs away because of You, I will never run away! ”
34“I assure you,” Jesus said to him, “tonight, before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times! ” # Mt 26:75; Lk 22:34; Jn 13:38
35“Even if I have to die with You,” Peter told Him, “I will never deny You! ” And all the disciples said the same thing.
The Prayer in the Garden
36Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, # A garden east of Jerusalem at the base of the Mount of Olives; Gethsemane = olive oil press # Mk 14:32-42; Lk 22:40-46 and He told the disciples, “Sit here while I go over there and pray.” 37Taking along Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, He began to be sorrowful and deeply distressed. # Mt 4:21; 17:1 38Then He said to them, “My soul is swallowed up in sorrow # Or I am deeply grieved, or I am overwhelmed by sorrow ; Ps 42:6,11; 43:5 — to the point of death. # Lit unto death Remain here and stay awake with Me.” # Ps 42:5-6; Mt 24:42; Jn 12:27 39Going a little farther, # Other mss read Drawing nearer He fell facedown and prayed, “My Father! If it is possible, let this cup pass from Me. Yet not as I will, but as You will.” # Mt 20:22; Jn 5:30; 6:38; Php 2:8; Heb 5:7
40Then He came to the disciples and found them sleeping. He asked Peter, “So, couldn’t you # = all 3 disciples because the verb in Gk is pl stay awake with Me one hour? 41Stay awake and pray, so that you won’t enter into temptation. The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.”
42Again, a second time, He went away and prayed, “My Father, if this # Other mss add cup cannot pass # Other mss add from Me unless I drink it, Your will be done.” # Mt 26:39; Mk 14:36; Lk 22:42; Jn 6:38 43And He came again and found them sleeping, because they could not keep their eyes open. # Lit because their eyes were weighed down
44After leaving them, He went away again and prayed a third time, saying the same thing once more. 45Then He came to the disciples and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? # Or Sleep on now and take your rest. Look, the time is near. The Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of sinners. # Jn 12:27; 13:1 46Get up; let’s go! See, My betrayer is near.”
The Judas Kiss
47While He was still speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, suddenly arrived. # Mk 14:43-50; Lk 22:47-53; Jn 18:3-11 A large mob, with swords and clubs, was with him from the chief priests and elders of the people. 48His betrayer had given them a sign: “The One I kiss, He’s the One; arrest Him! ” 49So he went right up to Jesus and said, “Greetings, Rabbi! ” and kissed Him.
50“Friend,” # Mt 20:13; 22:12 Jesus asked him, “why have you come? ” # Or Jesus told him, “do what you have come for.” (as a statement)
Then they came up, took hold of Jesus, and arrested Him. 51At that moment one of those with Jesus reached out his hand and drew his sword. He struck the high priest’s slave and cut off his ear. # Lk 22:38; Jn 18:10
52Then Jesus told him, “Put your sword back in its place because all who take up a sword will perish by a sword. # Gn 9:6; Rv 13:10 53Or do you think that I cannot call on My Father, and He will provide Me at once with more than 12 legions # A Roman legion contained up to 6,000 soldiers. of angels? # 2Kg 6:17; Dn 7:10; Mt 4:11; Lk 8:30 54How, then, would the Scriptures be fulfilled # Mt 1:22; 26:24 that say it must happen this way? ”
55At that time Jesus said to the crowds, “Have you come out with swords and clubs, as if I were a criminal, # Lit as against a criminal to capture Me? Every day I used to sit, teaching in the temple complex, and you didn’t arrest Me. # Mk 12:35; Lk 21:37; Jn 7:19; 8:2; 18:20 56But all this has happened so that the prophetic Scriptures # Or the Scriptures of the prophets # Mt 26:54; Rm 1:2; 2Pt 1:20 would be fulfilled.” Then all the disciples # Mt 10:1; 26:56; Mk 3:7; 16:20; Lk 6:13; Jn 12:16 deserted Him and ran away.
Jesus Faces the Sanhedrin
57Those # Mk 14:53-65; Jn 18:12-13,19-24 who had arrested Jesus led Him away to Caiaphas # Mt 26:3; Jn 11:49 the high priest, where the scribes and the elders had convened. 58Meanwhile, Peter was following Him at a distance right to the high priest’s courtyard. # Or high priest’s palace He went in and was sitting with the temple police # Or the officers, or the servants to see the outcome. # Lit end # Jn 7:32; 18:15
59The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for false testimony against Jesus so they could put Him to death. # Mt 5:22; Ac 6:11 60But they could not find any, even though many false witnesses # Dt 19:15; Ps 27:12; 35:11; Ac 6:13 came forward. # Other mss add they found none Finally, two # Other mss add false witnesses who came forward 61stated, “This man said, ‘I can demolish God’s sanctuary # Mt 27:40; Jn 2:19; Ac 6:14 and rebuild it in three days.’ ”
62The high priest then stood up and said to Him, “Don’t You have an answer to what these men are testifying against You? ” 63But # Lk 22:67-71 Jesus kept silent. # Is 53:7; Mt 27:12,14; Jn 19:9 Then the high priest said to Him, “By the living God I place You under oath: # Lv 19:12; Nm 30:2; Dt 23:21; Mt 5:33; 14:7; 23:16 tell us if You are the Messiah, the Son of God! ” # Lv 5:1; 1Sm 14:24,26; Mt 16:16
64“You have said it,” # Or That is true, an affirmative oath; Mt 27:11; Mk 15:2 Jesus told him. “But I tell you, in the future # Lit you, from now you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of the Power and coming on the clouds of heaven.” # Ps 110:1; Dn 7:13; Mt 16:27; 24:30; Rv 1:7 # Ps 110:1; Dn 7:13
65Then the high priest tore his robes and said, “He has blasphemed! # Mk 3:29; Jn 10:33 Why do we still need witnesses? Look, now you’ve heard the blasphemy! # Nm 14:6; Mk 14:63; Ac 14:14 66What is your decision? ” # Lit What does it seem to you?
They answered, “He deserves death! ” # Lv 24:16; Jn 19:7 67Then they spit in His face # Mt 27:30; Mk 10:34; Lk 22:63-65; Jn 18:22 and beat Him; others slapped Him 68and said, “Prophesy to us, Messiah! Who hit You? ” # Mk 14:65; Lk 22:64
Peter Denies His Lord
69Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard. # Mk 14:66-72; Lk 22:55-62; Jn 18:16-18,25-27 A servant approached him and she said, “You were with Jesus the Galilean too.”
70But he denied it in front of everyone: “I don’t know what you’re talking about! ”
71When he had gone out to the gateway, another woman saw him and told those who were there, “This man was with Jesus the Nazarene! ” # Mk 14:67; Ac 6:14
72And again he denied it with an oath, # Lv 19:12; Nm 30:2; Dt 23:21; Mt 5:33; 14:7; 23:16 “I don’t know the man! ”
73After a little while those standing there approached and said to Peter, “You certainly are one of them, since even your accent # Or speech gives you away.”
74Then he started to curse # To call down curses on himself if what he said weren’t true and to swear with an oath, “I do not know the man! ” Immediately a rooster crowed, 75and Peter remembered the words Jesus had spoken, “Before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.” # Mt 26:34; Jn 13:38; Ac 3:13-14 And he went outside and wept bitterly.