The Lord’s Love for Israel
1An oracle: # Is 13:1; Zch 9:1; 12:1 The word of the Lord # Hs 1:1; Jl 1:1; Mc 1:1; Zph 1:1 to Israel through # Jr 37:2; Hg 1:1 Malachi. # = My Messenger
2“I have loved you,” # Dt 4:37; 7:6-8; 10:14-15; Neh 13:26; Ps 78:68 says the Lord.
But you ask: “How have You loved us? ”
“Wasn’t Esau Jacob’s brother? ” # Gn 25:25-26; 36:19 This is the Lord’s declaration. “Even so, I loved Jacob, 3but I hated Esau. # Gn 25:23; Rm 9:10-13 I turned his mountains into a wasteland, and gave his inheritance to the desert jackals.” # Is 34:5-17; Jr 49:7-22; Ezk 35:1-15
4Though Edom says: “We have been devastated, but we will rebuild # Or will return and build the ruins,” the Lord of Hosts says this: “They may build, but I will demolish. They will be called a wicked country # Mal 3:12,15 and the people the Lord has cursed # Or Lord is angry with forever. # Is 34:5-17; Jr 49:17-18; Mal 1:14; 2:2; 3:9; 4:6 5Your own eyes will see this, and you yourselves will say, ‘The Lord is great, even beyond # Or great over the borders of Israel.’ # Ps 67:1-7; 72:8-11; Ezk 39:7; Zch 12:1-10; Rm 11:11-12
Disobedience of the Priests
6“A son honors his father, and a servant his master. But if I am a father, where is My honor? And if I am a master, where is your fear of Me? # 1Sm 2:30; Dn 5:23; Hg 1:8 says Yahweh of Hosts to you priests, who despise My name.”
Yet you ask: “How have we despised Your name? ”
7“By presenting defiled food on My altar.”
You ask: “How have we defiled You? ” # Ezk 22:26
When you say: “The Lord’s table is contemptible.” # Ezk 41:22; 44:16
8“When you present a blind animal for sacrifice, is it not wrong? And when you present a lame or sick animal, is it not wrong? # Lv 22:18-25; Dt 15:21; 17:1 Bring it to your governor! Would he be pleased with you or show you favor? ” asks the Lord of Hosts. 9“And now ask for God’s favor. Will He be gracious to us? # 1Sm 13:12; Pr 19:6; Dn 9:13 Since this has come from your hands, will He show any of you favor? ” # Nm 6:25-26 asks the Lord of Hosts. 10“I wish one of you would shut the temple doors, # 2Ch 28:24 so you would no longer kindle a useless fire on My altar! # Pr 1:17; Is 1:14 I am not pleased with you,” says the Lord of Hosts, “and I will accept # Lv 22:19-21 no offering from your hands. # Is 1:10-17; Jr 6:20; Am 5:21-23; Mc 6:6-8
11“For My name will be great among the nations, # Ps 113:3; Is 45:6; 59:19; Mt 8:11 from the rising of the sun to its setting. Incense # Or Burnt offerings and pure offerings will be presented in My name in every place because My name will be great among the nations,” # Or is great . . . are presented . . . is great says Yahweh of Hosts.
12But you are profaning it # Lv 22:2; Ezk 13:19; 22:26; 36:20-23; Mal 2:10-11 when you say: “The Lord’s table is defiled, and its product, its food, is contemptible.” 13You also say: “Look, what a nuisance! ” “And you scorn # Lit blow at it,” # Ancient Jewish tradition reads Me # 1Sm 2:29 says the Lord of Hosts. “You bring stolen, # Or injured # 2Sm 24:24 lame, or sick animals. You bring this as an offering! Am I to accept that from your hands? ” asks the Lord.
14“The deceiver is cursed who has an acceptable male in his flock and makes a vow but sacrifices a defective animal to the Lord. # Lv 22:18-25; 27:9-10; Nm 30:2; Dt 23:21-23; Ec 5:4-7 For I am a great King,” says Yahweh of Hosts, “and My name # Or Because I am . . . Yahweh of Hosts, My name will be feared among the nations.