Luke 13
Repent or Perish
1At that time, # Mt 21:18-19; Mk 11:12-14 some people came and reported to Him about the Galileans # Jn 4:45 whose blood Pilate # Mt 27:2 had mixed with their sacrifices. 2And He # Other mss read Jesus responded to them, “Do you think that these Galileans were more sinful than all Galileans because they suffered these things? # Jn 9:2 3No, I tell you; but unless you repent, you will all perish as well! 4Or those 18 that the tower in Siloam # Jn 9:7 fell on and killed — do you think they were more sinful than all the people who live in Jerusalem? 5No, I tell you; but unless you repent, you will all perish as well! ”
The Parable of the Barren Fig Tree
6And He told this parable: # Lk 5:35; 12:16 “A man had a fig tree that was planted in his vineyard. He came looking for fruit on it and found none. # Mt 21:18-19; Mk 11:13 7He told the vineyard worker, ‘Listen, for three years I have come looking for fruit on this fig tree and haven’t found any. Cut it down! # Mt 7:19; Lk 3:9; Jn 15:2; Rm 11:22 Why should it even waste the soil? ’ # Is 5:2
8“But he replied to him, ‘Sir, # Or Lord leave it this year also, until I dig around it and fertilize it. # Lk 16:3 9Perhaps it will bear fruit next year, but if not, you can cut it down.’ ”
Healing a Daughter of Abraham
10As He was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath, # Lk 4:31; 6:6 11a woman was there who had been disabled by a spirit # Lit had a spirit of disability # Mt 8:17; Lk 4:33; 6:18; 7:21; 8:2,29; 9:39 for over 18 years. She was bent over and could not straighten up at all. # Or straighten up completely 12When Jesus saw her, He called out to her, # Or He summoned her “Woman, you are free of your disability.” 13Then He laid His hands on her, # Mt 19:15; Mk 5:23; 6:2,5; 8:23; Lk 4:40 and instantly she was restored # Ac 15:16; Heb 12:12 and began to glorify God. # Jn 11:4
14But the leader of the synagogue, indignant # Mt 20:24; 21:15; 26:8; Mk 10:14,41; 14:4 because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath, responded by telling the crowd, “There are six days when work should be done; # Ex 20:9; Ezk 46:1 therefore come on those days and be healed and not on the Sabbath day.”
15But the Lord answered him and said, “Hypocrites! # Lk 6:42 Doesn’t each one of you untie his ox # Lk 14:5,19; 1Co 9:9 or donkey from the feeding trough # Lk 2:7,12,16 on the Sabbath and lead it to water? # Mt 12:11; Lk 14:5 16Satan # Mt 4:1,10; Ac 13:10 has bound # Mk 5:3; 15:1; 2Tm 2:9 this woman, a daughter of Abraham, # Gn 16:15; Jn 8:37; Heb 2:16 for 18 years — shouldn’t she be untied from this bondage on the Sabbath day? ”
17When He had said these things, all His adversaries # Lk 21:5; 1Co 16:9; Php 1:28; 1Tm 5:14 were humiliated, # Ps 132:18; Is 45:16 LXX; 1Pt 3:16 but the whole crowd was rejoicing over all the glorious things He was doing. # Is 12:5
The Parables of the Mustard Seed and of the Yeast
18He said, therefore, “What is the kingdom of God like, # Mt 13:31-32; Mk 4:30-32 and what can I compare it to? 19It’s like a mustard seed that a man took and sowed in his garden. It grew and became a tree, and the birds of the sky nested in its branches.”
20Again He said, “What can I compare the kingdom of God # Mt 13:33 to? 21It’s like yeast # Mt 16:6,11-12; Mk 8:15; Lk 12:1; 1Co 5:6-8; Gl 5:9 that a woman took and mixed into 50 pounds # Lit 3 sata ; about 40 quarts of flour until it spread through the entire mixture.” # Or until all of it was leavened
The Narrow Way
22He went through one town and village after another, teaching and making His way to Jerusalem. # Lk 9:51 23“Lord,” someone asked Him, “are there few being saved? ” # Or are the saved few? (in number); lit are those being saved few? # Mt 22:14; Lk 18:26; Ac 2:21; Rm 9:27; Eph 2:8; 1Pt 3:20; Rv 3:4
He said to them, 24“Make every effort to enter through the narrow door, # Mt 7:13-14 because I tell you, many will try to enter and won’t be able 25once the homeowner gets up and shuts the door. # Mt 7:22-23; 10:33; 25:12 Then you will stand # Lit you will begin to stand outside and knock on the door, saying, ‘Lord, open up for us! ’ He will answer you, ‘I don’t know you or where you’re from.’ 26Then you will say, # Lit you will begin to say ‘We ate and drank in Your presence, and You taught in our streets! ’ 27But He will say, ‘I tell you, I don’t know you or where you’re from. Get away from Me, # Ps 6:8; 2Tm 2:19; Heb 3:12 all you workers of unrighteousness! ’ 28There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth # Mt 13:42,50; 22:13; 24:51; 25:30 in that place, # Mt 8:11-12 when you see Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, # Mk 1:15; Lk 4:43 but yourselves thrown out. 29They will come from east and west, from north and south, and recline at the table # Lk 12:37 in the kingdom of God. 30Note this: Some are last who will be first, and some are first who will be last.” # Mt 19:30; 20:16; Mk 10:31
Jesus and Herod Antipas
31At that time some Pharisees came and told Him, “Go, get out of here! Herod # Mt 14:1 wants to kill You! ” # Mt 14:5; Mk 6:19; Jn 7:19-25; Ac 5:33
32He said to them, “Go tell that fox, ‘Look! I’m driving out demons and performing healings today and tomorrow, and on the third day # Very shortly I will complete My work.’ # Lit I will be finished # Heb 2:10; 5:9; 7:28 33Yet I must # Ac 3:21; 17:3 travel today, tomorrow, and the next day, because it is not possible for a prophet # Mt 2:23; 21:11 to perish # Mk 8:31 outside of Jerusalem!
Jesus’ Lamentation over Jerusalem
34“Jerusalem, Jerusalem! # Mt 23:37-39; Lk 19:41-44 She who kills the prophets and stones # Heb 11:37 those who are sent to her. # 2Ch 24:20-22; Mt 21:35; Lk 20:15 How often I wanted to gather your children # Ps 147:2; Is 62:1,4 together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, # Dt 32:11; Ps 17:8; 36:7 but you were not willing! # Jn 5:40 35See, your house # Probably the temple; Jr 12:7; 22:5 is abandoned to you. # Is 64:11; Jr 12:7; 22:1-8 And I tell you, you will not see Me until the time comes when you say, ‘He who comes in the name of the Lord is the blessed One’!” # Ps 118:26; Mt 21:9; Lk 19:38; Jn 12:13 # Ps 118:26

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