Laws of Holiness
1The Lord spoke to Moses: 2“Speak to the entire Israelite community and tell them: Be holy # Ex 19:5-6 because I, Yahweh your God, am holy. # Lv 11:44; 21:8
3“Each of you is to respect his mother and father. # Ex 20:12; 21:15 You are to keep My Sabbaths; I am Yahweh your God. 4Do not turn to idols # Lv 26:1 or make cast images # Nm 33:52 of gods for yourselves; # Ex 20:3,23; 32:31; Dt 4:15-16 I am Yahweh your God.
5“When you offer a fellowship sacrifice to the Lord, sacrifice it so that you may be accepted. 6It is to be eaten on the day you sacrifice it or on the next day, but what remains on the third day must be burned up. # Lv 7:17 7If any is eaten on the third day, it is a repulsive thing; it will not be accepted. # Lv 1:4 8Anyone who eats it will bear his punishment, for he has profaned what is holy to the Lord. That person must be cut off from his people. # Lv 7:18,20
9“When you reap the harvest of your land, you are not to reap to the very edge of your field or gather the gleanings # Lv 23:22; Dt 24:19-22; Ru 2:2-7,15-19,23; Is 17:5 of your harvest. 10You must not strip your vineyard bare or gather its fallen grapes. Leave them for the poor # Dt 15:11 and the foreign resident; # Ex 2:22; Dt 24:20-21; Is 17:5-6; 24:13 I am Yahweh your God.
11“You must not steal. # Ex 20:15; 22:1; Rm 13:9; Eph 4:28 You must not act deceptively # Pr 30:9; Is 30:9; 59:13; Jr 5:12; Hs 4:2; 7:3; 9:2; 10:13; Nah 3:1; Hab 3:17; Zch 13:4 or lie # Gn 21:23; Ex 20:16; 1Sm 15:29; Ps 44:18; 89:34; Is 63:8; Eph 4:25 to one another. 12You must not swear falsely by My name, profaning the name of your God; # Ex 20:7; Lv 18:21; 20:3; Mal 3:5; Jms 5:12 I am Yahweh.
13“You must not oppress # Dt 24:14 your neighbor or rob # Dt 28:29 him. The wages due a hired hand # Ex 12:45; 22:14; Lv 22:10; 25:6,40,50,53; Is 7:20; Jr 46:21; Ezk 18:7; Mal 3:5; Jms 5:4 must not remain with you until morning. 14You must not curse the deaf or put a stumbling block in front of the blind, # Ex 4:11; Dt 27:18 but you are to fear your God; # Ps 147:11; Pr 1:7; Ac 10:2; Rv 14:7 I am Yahweh. # Ex 31:13
15“You must not act unjustly # Dt 25:16 when deciding a case. Do not be partial # Ex 23:2-3; Dt 1:17; Jms 2:9 to the poor or give preference to the rich; # Gn 24:35; Jb 34:19 judge your neighbor fairly. 16You must not go about spreading slander # Ps 15:3; Jr 6:28; 9:4; Lk 6:22; 2Co 6:8; 12:20; Eph 4:31; Col 3:8; Ti 3:2; 1Pt 2:1; 4:4; Rv 2:9 among your people; you must not jeopardize # Lit not stand against your neighbor’s life; I am Yahweh.
17“You must not harbor hatred against your brother. # Or your fellow Israelite # 2Th 3:15; 1Jn 2:9,11; 3:15; 4:20 Rebuke your neighbor directly, and you will not incur guilt because of him. # Pr 9:8; 27:5; Ezk 3:18; Mt 18:15; Gl 6:1 18Do not take revenge # Dt 32:35; Pr 20:22; Rm 12:17,19; Heb 10:30; Rv 19:2 or bear a grudge against members of your community, but love your neighbor as yourself; # Pr 17:17; Mt 5:43; 22:39; Mk 12:31; Lk 10:27; Rm 13:9; Gl 5:14; Jms 2:8 I am Yahweh.
19“You are to keep My statutes. You must not crossbreed two different kinds of your livestock, sow your fields with two kinds of seed, or put on a garment made of two kinds of material. # Dt 22:9-11
20“If a man has sexual intercourse with a woman who is a slave designated for another man, but she has not been redeemed # Ex 6:6; 21:7-11; Lv 27:29; Dt 22:23-27 or given her freedom, there must be punishment. # Or compensation They are not to be put to death, because she had not been freed. 21However, he must bring a ram as his restitution offering to the Lord at the entrance to the tent of meeting. # Ex 27:21 22The priest will make atonement on his behalf before the Lord with the ram of the restitution offering for the sin he has committed, and he will be forgiven for the sin he committed.
23“When you come into the land and plant any kind of tree for food, you are to consider the fruit forbidden. # Lit uncircumcised It will be forbidden to you for three years; it is not to be eaten. 24In the fourth year all its fruit must be consecrated as a praise offering # Jdg 9:27 to the Lord. 25But in the fifth year you may eat its fruit. In this way its yield will increase for you; # Lv 25:18-22 I am Yahweh your God.
26“You are not to eat anything with blood in it. # Or anything over its blood # Gn 9:4; Lv 3:17; 17:10-12; 1Sm 14:32-35; Ezk 33:25 You are not to practice divination # 1Kg 20:33 or sorcery. # Dt 18:10,14; Jdg 9:37; 2Kg 21:6; 2Ch 33:6; Is 2:6; 57:3; Jr 27:9 27You are not to cut off the hair at the sides of your head or mar the edge of your beard. # Lv 21:5; Dt 14:1; 2Sm 10:4-5; Jr 41:5; 48:37; Ezk 5:1-5; 44:20 28You are not to make gashes on your bodies for the dead # 1Kg 18:28; Jr 16:6; 41:5; 47:5; 48:37 or put tattoo marks on yourselves; I am Yahweh.
29“Do not debase # Lit profane # Lv 21:12 your daughter by making her a prostitute, # Ex 34:31; Lv 21:9; Dt 23:17-18 or the land will be prostituted and filled with depravity. 30You must keep My Sabbaths and revere My sanctuary; # Ex 15:17; Lv 20:3; 26:2; Nm 19:20 I am Yahweh.
31“Do not turn to mediums # Or spirits of the dead # Lv 20:6 or consult spiritists, # Or familiar spirits # Dt 18:11; Ac 16:16 or you will be defiled by them; I am Yahweh your God.
32“You are to rise in the presence of the elderly and honor the old. # Jb 12:12; 32:4; Pr 23:22; Lm 5:12; 1Tm 5:1 Fear your God; I am Yahweh.
33“When a foreigner lives with you in your land, you must not oppress # Dt 23:16 him. 34You must regard the foreigner who lives with you as the native-born among you. You are to love him as yourself, # Lv 19:18 for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt; # Ex 23:9; Lv 18:3; Dt 10:19; 23:7 I am Yahweh your God.
35“You must not be unfair # Dt 25:16 in measurements of length, weight, or volume. 36You are to have honest balances, # Hs 12:8; Am 8:5; Mc 6:11 honest weights, an honest dry measure, # Lit honest ephah ; an ephah is a dry measure of grain equivalent to about 23 quarts. and an honest liquid measure; # Lit honest hin ; a hin is a liquid measure of about 1 gallon. # Dt 25:13-16; Pr 16:11; Ezk 45:10 I am Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt. 37You must keep all My statutes and all My ordinances and do them; I am Yahweh.”