The First Sign: Turning Water into Wine
1On the third day a wedding took place in Cana # Jn 2:11; 4:46; 21:2 of Galilee. # Mt 17:22 Jesus’ mother # Mt 1:16 was there, and 2Jesus and His disciples were invited to the wedding as well. 3When the wine ran out, Jesus’ mother told Him, “They don’t have any wine.”
4“What has this concern of yours to do with Me, # Or You and I see things differently ; lit What to Me and to you ; Mt 8:29; Mk 1:24; 5:7; Lk 8:28 # 2Sm 16:10; 19:22 woman? ” # Jn 19:26 Jesus asked. “My hour # The time of His sacrificial death and exaltation; Jn 7:30; 8:20; 12:23,27; 13:1; 17:1 has not yet come.”
5“Do whatever He tells you,” His mother told the servants.
6Now six stone water jars had been set there for Jewish purification. # Lv 13–14; Heb 1:3 Each contained 20 or 30 gallons. # Lit 2 or 3 measures
7“Fill the jars with water,” Jesus told them. So they filled them to the brim. 8Then He said to them, “Now draw some out and take it to the chief servant.” # Lit ruler of the table ; perhaps master of the feast, or headwaiter And they did.
9When the chief servant tasted the water (after it had become wine), he did not know where it came from — though the servants who had drawn the water knew. He called the groom 10and told him, “Everyone sets out the fine wine first, then, after people have drunk freely, the inferior. But you have kept the fine wine until now.”
11Jesus performed this first sign # Lit this beginning of the signs ; Jn 4:54; 20:30. Seven miraculous signs occur in John’s Gospel and are so noted in the headings. in Cana # Jn 2:1; 21:2 of Galilee. # Mt 17:22 He displayed # 2Co 4:11; 1Jn 1:2 His glory, # Mk 10:37; Jn 17:24 and His disciples believed in Him.
12After this, He went down to Capernaum, # Lk 10:15 together with His mother, His brothers, # Mt 12:46-50; Mk 3:31-35; 6:3; Lk 8:19-21; Ac 1:14 and His disciples, and they stayed there only a few days.
Cleansing the Temple Complex
13The Jewish Passover # Ex 12:11 was near, so Jesus went up to Jerusalem. # Mt 23:37 14In the temple complex # Mt 21:12-13; Mk 11:15-17; Lk 19:45-46 He found people selling oxen, sheep, and doves, and He also found the money changers sitting there. 15After making a whip out of cords, # Ac 27:32 He drove everyone out of the temple complex with their sheep # Mt 7:15 and oxen. He also poured out the money changers’ coins and overturned the tables. 16He told those who were selling doves, “Get these things out of here! Stop turning My Father’s # Mt 5:16; 11:27; Jn 8:42 house # Lk 11:51; Jn 2:17 into a marketplace! ” # Lit a house of business # Jr 7:11; Zch 14:21; Mal 3:1-3
17And His disciples remembered that it is written: Zeal # Nm 25:13 for Your house will consume # Gl 5:15 Me. # Ps 69:9 # Ps 69:9
18So the Jews replied to Him, “What sign of authority will You show us for doing these things? ”
19Jesus answered, “Destroy this sanctuary, # Lk 1:21 and I will raise it up in three days.” # Lk 9:22
20Therefore the Jews said, “This sanctuary took 46 years to build, and will You raise it up in three days? ” # Mk 15:29
21But He was speaking about the sanctuary of His body. # Mt 26:26; 27:52,58; Mk 14:22; 15:43; Lk 12:4; 22:19; 23:52,55; Jn 19:31,38,40; 20:12; 1Co 10:16; 11:23-26; Heb 10:5,10; 1Pt 2:24 22So when He was raised from the dead, # Mt 17:9; Rv 20:12 His disciples remembered that He had said this. # Jn 14:26 And they believed the Scripture # Mt 26:54; 2Pt 1:20 and the statement Jesus had made.
23While He was in Jerusalem # Mt 23:37 at the Passover Festival, # Jn 5:1 many trusted in His name # Jn 10:25; 1Jn 3:23 when they saw the signs He was doing. 24Jesus, however, would not entrust Himself to them, since He knew them all 25and because He did not need anyone to testify about man; for He Himself knew what was in man. # Jr 17:10