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Prophecies against Babylon
1The word the Lord spoke about Babylon, # Is 13:1 the land of the Chaldeans, through Jeremiah the prophet:
2Announce to the nations;
proclaim and raise up a signal flag; # Ps 60:4; Is 5:26; 18:3
proclaim, and hide nothing.
Say: Babylon is captured;
Bel # Is 46:1; Jr 51:44 is put to shame;
Marduk is devastated;
her idols are put to shame;
her false gods, devastated.
3For a nation from the north will come against her; # Is 41:25; Jr 1:13-15; 6:1,22; 47:2; 50:9,41; 51:48
it will make her land desolate.
No one will be living in it —
both man and beast will escape. # Lit escape; they will walk # Ps 135:8; Jr 7:20; 21:6; 32:43; 33:10,12; 36:29; 51:62
4In those days and at that time —
this is the Lord’s declaration —
the Israelites and Judeans will come together, # Is 11:12-13; Jr 3:18; Ezk 37:15-22; Hs 11:1
weeping as they come,
and will seek the Lord their God. # 2Ch 11:16; 15:4; Hs 3:5
5They will ask about Zion,
turning their faces to this road.
They will come and join themselves # LXX; MT reads Come and join yourselves to the Lord
in an everlasting covenant # Gn 9:16; 17:7,13,19; Is 55:3; 61:8; Jr 32:40; Ezk 16:60; 37:26 that will never be forgotten.
6My people are lost sheep; # Is 53:6
their shepherds have led them astray, # Jr 23:2,13
guiding them the wrong way in the mountains. # Ezk 34:6
They have wandered from mountain to hill;
they have forgotten their resting place.
7All who found them devoured them.
Their adversaries said, “We’re not guilty;
instead, they have sinned against the Lord,
their righteous grazing land, # Jr 31:23; 40:2-3
the hope of their ancestors, # Jr 14:8; 17:13 the Lord.”
8Escape from Babylon; # Jr 51:6; Rv 18:4
depart from the Chaldeans’ land.
Be like the rams that lead the flock.
9For I will soon stir up and bring against Babylon # Jr 51:1,11,29,35
an assembly of great nations from the north country.
They will line up in battle formation against her; # Jr 6:23; 50:14,42; 51:27
from there she will be captured.
Their arrows will be like those of a skilled # Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr; other Hb mss read bereaving warrior
who does not return empty-handed.
10The Chaldeans will become plunder;
all Babylon’s plunderers will be fully satisfied.
This is the Lord’s declaration.
11Because you rejoice,
because you sing in triumph —
you who plundered My inheritance —
because you frolic like a young cow treading grain
and neigh like stallions, # Jdg 5:22; Jr 8:16; 47:3
12your mother # Jr 2:31; 51:47; Hs 2:4-5 will be utterly humiliated;
she who bore you will be put to shame.
Look! She will lag behind all # Lit Look! The last of the nations —
a dry land, a wilderness, # Jr 51:43 an Arabah.
13Because of the Lord’s wrath,
she will not be inhabited;
she will become a desolation, every bit of her.
Everyone who passes through Babylon
will be horrified
and scoff because of all her wounds. # Dt 28:37; 2Ch 29:8; 30:7; Jr 5:30; 18:16; 19:8; 25:9,18; 29:18; 42:18; 44:12,22; 49:17; Mc 6:16; Zph 2:15
14Line up in battle formation around Babylon,
all you archers!
Shoot at her! Do not spare an arrow,
for she has sinned against the Lord.
15Raise a war cry against her on every side!
She has thrown up her hands in surrender;
her defense towers have fallen;
her walls are demolished. # Jr 51:58
Since this is the Lord’s vengeance, # Jr 46:10
take out your vengeance on her;
as she has done, do the same to her.
16Cut off the sower from Babylon
as well as him who wields the sickle at harvest time.
Because of the oppressor’s sword, # Jr 46:16
each will turn to his own people, # Is 13:14
each will flee to his own land.
The Return of God’s People
17Israel is a stray lamb, chased by lions. # Jr 2:15; 4:7
The first who devoured him was the king of Assyria;
the last one who crushed his bones
was Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. # 2Kg 24:10-12; 25:1-7
18Therefore, this is what the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: “I am about to punish the king of Babylon # Is 10:12 and his land just as I punished the king of Assyria.
19I will return Israel to his grazing land, # Jr 22:6; 23:3; 33:12; Ezk 34:14
and he will feed on Carmel and Bashan;
he will be satisfied
in the hill country of Ephraim and of Gilead. # Is 33:9; Mc 7:14; Nah 1:4
20In those days and at that time —
this is the Lord’s declaration —
one will search for Israel’s guilt,
but there will be none,
and for Judah’s sins,
but they will not be found,
for I will forgive # Nm 14:20; Jr 31:34; 36:3 those I leave as a remnant. # Jr 39:10; 52:16; Zph 3:12
The Invasion of Babylon
21“Go against the land of Merathaim,
and against those living in Pekod.
Put them to the sword;
completely destroy them —
this is the Lord’s declaration —
do everything I have commanded you. # 1Kg 9:4; 2Kg 21:8; 2Ch 7:17
22The sound of war is in the land # Jr 51:54-56
a great destruction.
23How the hammer of the whole earth
is cut down and smashed!
What a horror Babylon has become
among the nations! # Jr 51:41
24Babylon, I laid a trap for you, and you were caught, # Jr 51:31; Dn 5:30-31
but you did not even know it.
You were found and captured
because you fought against the Lord.
25The Lord opened His armory
and brought out His weapons of wrath, # Is 13:5
because it is a task of the Lord God of Hosts
in the land of the Chaldeans.
26Come against her from the most distant places. # Lit from the end
Open her granaries;
pile her up like mounds of grain
and completely destroy her.
Leave her no survivors.
27Put all her young bulls to the sword;
let them go down to the slaughter.
Woe to them, because their day has come,
the time of their punishment. # Is 10:3; Jr 46:21; Ezk 21:25,29; Hs 5:9; Mc 7:4; 2Pt 2:9
The Humiliation of Babylon
28“There is a voice of fugitives and those who escape
from the land of Babylon
announcing in Zion the vengeance of the Lord our God,
the vengeance for His temple. # 2Kg 18:16; 23:4; 24:13; Jr 51:11
29Summon the archers to Babylon,
all who string the bow;
camp all around her; let none escape.
Repay her according to her deeds; # Ps 28:4; Pr 24:12,29; Jr 25:14; 50:29; 51:24; Lm 3:64
just as she has done, do the same to her,
for she has acted arrogantly against the Lord,
against the Holy One of Israel. # Ps 71:22; Is 1:4; 37:23; Jr 51:5
30Therefore, her young men will fall
in her public squares;
all the warriors will perish in that day.
This is the Lord’s declaration. # Jr 49:26
31Look, I am against you, you arrogant one —
this is the declaration of
the Lord God of Hosts —
because your day has come,
the time when I will punish you.
32The arrogant will stumble and fall # Ps 27:2; Pr 24:16-17; Is 3:8; 8:15; 31:3
with no one to pick him up.
I will set fire to his cities,
and it will consume everything around him.” # Jr 21:14
The Desolation of Babylon
33This is what the Lord of Hosts says:
Israelites and Judeans alike have been oppressed.
All their captors hold them fast; # 2Ch 28:11; 30:9; Is 14:17; 61:1; Jr 13:17
they refuse to release them.
34Their Redeemer is strong;
Yahweh of Hosts is His name.
He will fervently plead their case # 1Sm 24:15; Pr 23:11; Is 47:4; Jr 51:36
so that He might bring rest to the earth
but turmoil to those who live in Babylon. # Mc 4:10
35A sword is over the Chaldeans —
this is the Lord’s declaration —
against those who live in Babylon,
against her officials, and against her sages.
36A sword is against the diviners,
and they will act foolishly.
A sword is against her heroic warriors,
and they will be terrified.
37A sword is against his horses and chariots
and against all the foreigners among them, # Ex 12:38; Neh 13:1-3; Jr 25:20
and they will be like women. # Jr 51:30
A sword is against her treasuries,
and they will be plundered.
38A drought will come on her waters,
and they will be dried up.
For it is a land of carved images,
and they go mad because of terrifying things. # Or of dreaded gods # Ex 15:16; 23:27; Jb 20:25
39Therefore, desert creatures # Or desert demons will live with hyenas,
and ostriches will also live in her.
It will never again be inhabited
or lived in through all generations. # Is 13:20-21; 34:13-14
40Just as God demolished Sodom and Gomorrah
and their neighboring towns # Gn 19:24-25
this is the Lord’s declaration —
so no one will live there;
no human being will even stay in it
as a temporary resident. # Jr 49:18-21,33
The Conquest of Babylon
41Look! A people comes from the north. # Jr 6:22-24; 49:24
A great nation and many kings will be stirred up
from the remote regions of the earth. # Jr 6:22; 25:32; 31:8
42They grasp bow and javelin.
They are cruel and show no mercy.
Their voice roars like the sea, # Is 5:30; 17:12
and they ride on horses,
lined up like men in battle formation
against you, Daughter Babylon.
43The king of Babylon has heard reports about them,
and his hands fall helpless.
Distress has seized him —
pain, like a woman in labor. # Ps 48:6; Is 13:8; 21:3; 42:14; Jr 4:31; 6:24; 13:21; 22:23; 30:6; 49:24; Mc 4:9-10; 1Th 5:3
44“Look, it will be like a lion coming from the thickets # Lit pride # Ps 10:9; 17:12; Is 5:29; Jr 2:15; 5:6; 12:5; 25:38; 50:17; Zch 11:3 of the Jordan to the watered grazing land. Indeed, I will chase Babylon # Lit them away from her land in a flash. I will appoint whoever is chosen for her. For who is like Me? Who will summon Me? Who is the shepherd who can stand against Me? ”
45Therefore, hear the plans that the Lord has drawn up against Babylon and the strategies He has devised against the land of the Chaldeans: # Jr 51:29 Certainly the flock’s little lambs will be dragged away; certainly the grazing land will be made desolate because of them. 46At the sound of Babylon’s conquest the earth will quake; a cry will be heard among the nations. # Jr 49:19-21