Song of the Vineyard
1I will sing about the one I love,
a song about my loved one’s vineyard: # Ps 80:8; Jr12:10; Mt 21:33; Lk 20:9
The one I love had a vineyard
on a very fertile hill.
2He broke up the soil, cleared it of stones,
and planted it with the finest vines. # Jr 2:21
He built a tower in the middle of it
and even dug out a winepress there.
He expected # Is 40:31 it to yield good grapes,
but it yielded worthless grapes. # Mt 21:19; Mk 11:13; Lk 13:6
3So now, residents of Jerusalem
and men of Judah,
please judge between Me
and My vineyard.
4What more could I have done for My vineyard
than I did? # Mc 6:3-4; Mt 23:37
Why, when I expected a yield of good grapes,
did it yield worthless grapes?
5Now I will tell you
what I am about to do to My vineyard:
I will remove its hedge, # Ps 89:40; Jr 5:10
and it will be consumed;
I will tear down its wall, # Ps 80:12
and it will be trampled.
6I will make it a wasteland. # 2Ch 36:19-21; Is 7:19-25; 24:1,3; 27:2-6; Jr 25:11
It will not be pruned or weeded;
thorns and briers will grow up. # Gn 3:18; Is 7:23-25; 9:18; 10:17; 27:4; 32:13
I will also give orders to the clouds
that rain should not fall on it.
7For the vineyard of the Lord of Hosts
is the house of Israel, # Ps 80:8-11
and the men # Lit man of Judah,
the plant He delighted in.
He looked for justice
but saw injustice,
but heard cries of wretchedness.
Judah’s Sins Denounced
8Woe to those who add house to house # Jr 22:13-17; Mc 2:2; Hab 2:9-12
and join field to field
until there is no more room
and you alone are left in the land.
9I heard the Lord of Hosts say:
Indeed, many houses # Am 3:10,15 will become desolate,
grand and lovely ones without inhabitants.
10For a ten-acre # Lit ten-yoke vineyard will yield
only six gallons, # Lit one bath
and 10 bushels # Lit one homer of seed will yield
only one bushel. # Lit one ephah
11Woe to those who rise early in the morning
in pursuit of beer, # Lv 10:9; Nm 6:3; Dt 29:6; Jdg 13:4; Is 5:22; 24:9; 28:7; 56:12
who linger into the evening,
inflamed by wine.
12At their feasts they have lyre, harp,
tambourine, flute, and wine.
They do not perceive the Lord’s actions, # Dt 32:4; Jb 34:27; 36:24; Ps 28:5; 44:1; 64:9-10
and they do not see the work of His hands. # Ex 32:16; 34:10; Ps 8:3,6; 19:1; 92:4-5; Is 10:12; 29:23
13Therefore My people will go into exile
because they lack knowledge; # Is 1:3; 27:11; Hs 4:6; Lk 11:52; 19:42; 1Tm 1:13
her # Lit its dignitaries are starving,
and her # Lit its masses are parched with thirst.
14Therefore Sheol enlarges its throat
and opens wide its enormous jaws, # Pr 30:16; Hab 2:5
and down go Zion’s dignitaries, her masses,
her crowds, and those who carouse in her!
15Humanity is brought low, man is humbled,
and haughty eyes are humbled. # Is 2:9,11,17; 10:33
16But the Lord of Hosts is exalted by His justice, # Is 33:5,10
and the holy God # Is 6:3 is distinguished by righteousness. # Is 8:13; 29:23; 1Pt 3:15
17Lambs will graze
as if in # Syr reads graze in their own pastures, # Mc 2:12
and strangers # LXX reads sheep will eat
among the ruins of the rich.
18Woe to those who drag wickedness
with cords of deceit # Pr 5:22; Is 59:4-8; Jr 23:10-14
and pull sin along with cart ropes,
19to those who say:
“Let Him hurry up and do His work quickly
so that we can see it!
Let the plan # Jb 38:2; 42:3; Ps 33:11; 106:13; 107:11; Pr 19:21; Is 14:26; 19:17; 46:10-11 of the Holy One of Israel # Is 1:4 take place
so that we can know it! ”
20Woe to those who call evil good
and good evil, # Pr 17:15; Am 5:7; Mal 2:17
who substitute darkness for light
and light for darkness,
who substitute bitter for sweet
and sweet for bitter.
21Woe to those who are wise in their own opinion
and clever in their own sight. # Lit clever before their face # Pr 3:7; Rm 12:16; 1Co 3:18
22Woe to those who are heroes at drinking wine,
who are fearless at mixing beer, # Is 5:11
23who acquit the guilty for a bribe # Ex 23:8; Pr 17:15; Is 1:23; 33:15
and deprive the innocent of justice.
24Therefore, as a tongue of fire consumes straw
and as dry grass shrivels in the flame,
so their roots will become like something rotten
and their blossoms will blow away like dust,
for they have rejected # Is 8:6; 30:9,12; Am 2:4; Ac 13:41
the instruction of the Lord of Hosts,
and they have despised
the word of the Holy One of Israel. # Is 5:19; Jr 51:5
25Therefore the Lord’s anger burns # Nm 11:10,33; 32:10-13; Dt 6:15; Jos 7:1; 23:16; 2Kg 13:3; Ps 106:40 against His people.
He raised His hand against them and struck them;
the mountains quaked, # Am 1:1; Zch 14:5
and their corpses were like garbage in the streets.
In all this, His anger is not removed,
and His hand is still raised to strike. # Is 9:12,17,21; 10:4; 14:27
26He raises a signal flag for the distant nations # Is 10:5; 11:10,12; 13:2; 18:3
and whistles # Is 7:18; Zch 10:8 for them from the ends of the earth.
Look — how quickly and swiftly they come!
27None of them grows weary or stumbles; # 1Jn 2:10
no one slumbers or sleeps.
No belt is loose
and no sandal strap broken.
28Their arrows are sharpened,
and all their bows strung.
Their horses’ hooves are like flint;
their chariot wheels are like a whirlwind.
29Their roaring is like a lion’s; # Jdg 14:5; Hs 13:8; Jl 1:6; Nah 2:12-13
they roar like young lions; # Rv 9:17
they growl and seize their prey
and carry it off,
and no one can rescue it.
30On that day they will roar over it,
like the roaring of the sea.
When one looks at the land,
there will be darkness and distress;
light will be obscured by clouds. # Lit its clouds