1Call # Lit Say to your brothers: My People
and your sisters: Compassion.
Israel’s Adultery Rebuked
2Rebuke your mother; rebuke her. # Ezk 23:45
For she is not My wife and I am not her husband. # Is 50:1
Let her remove the promiscuous look from her face # Jr 3:1,9,13
and her adultery from between her breasts.
3Otherwise, I will strip her naked # Ezk 16:7,22,39
and expose her as she was on the day of her birth.
I will make her like a desert # Is 32:13-14; Hs 13:15
and like a parched land,
and I will let her die of thirst. # Jr 14:3; Am 8:11-13
4I will have no compassion on her children # Jr 13:14
because they are the children of promiscuity.
5Yes, their mother is promiscuous;
she conceived them and acted shamefully. # Is 1:21; Hs 3:1
For she thought, “I will go after my lovers, # Jr 2:25
the men who give me my food and water,
my wool and flax, my oil and drink.” # Jr 44:17-18
6Therefore, this is what I will do:
I will block her # LXX, Syr; MT reads your way # Jb 19:8 with thorns; # Hs 9:6; 10:8
I will enclose her with a wall,
so that she cannot find her paths. # Jr 18:15
7She will pursue her lovers but not catch them; # Hs 5:13
she will seek them but not find them.
Then she will think,
“I will go back to my former husband, # Jr 2:2; 3:1; Ezk 16:8; 23:4
for then it was better for me than now.” # Jr 14:22; Hs 13:6
8She does not recognize # Is 1:3
that it is I who gave her the grain, # Ezk 16:19
the new wine, and the oil.
I lavished silver and gold on her,
which they used for Baal.
9Therefore, I will take back My grain in its time # Hs 8:7; 9:2
and My new wine in its season;
I will take away My wool and linen,
which were to cover her nakedness.
10Now I will expose her shame # Ezk 16:37
in the sight of her lovers,
and no one will rescue her from My hands.
11I will put an end to all her celebrations: # Jr 7:34; 16:9
her feasts, # Hs 3:4; Am 5:21; 8:10 New Moons, # Is 1:13-14 and Sabbaths —
all her festivals.
12I will devastate her vines and fig trees. # Jr 5:17; 8:13
She thinks that these are her wages
that her lovers have given her.
I will turn them into a thicket, # Ps 80:12; Is 5:5; 7:23
and the wild animals will eat them. # Is 32:13-15
13And I will punish her for the days of the Baals # Hs 4:13; 11:2
when she burned incense to them, # Jr 7:9
put on her rings and jewelry, # Ezk 16:12,17; 23:40
and went after her lovers,
but forgot Me. # Hs 4:6; 8:14; 13:6
This is the Lord’s declaration.
Israel’s Adultery Forgiven
14Therefore, I am going to persuade her,
lead her to the wilderness, # Ezk 20:33-38
and speak tenderly to her. # Lit speak to her heart
15There I will give her vineyards back to her # Ezk 28:25-26
and make the Valley of Achor # = Trouble # Jos 7:26
into a gateway of hope.
There she will respond as she did
in the days of her youth, # Jr 2:1-3
as in the day she came out of the land of Egypt.
16In that day —
this is the Lord’s declaration —
you will call Me, “My husband,” # Is 54:5
and no longer call Me, “My Baal.” # Or My master
17For I will remove the names of the Baals
from her mouth;
they will no longer be remembered by their names.
18On that day I will make a covenant for them
with the wild animals, the birds of the sky,
and the creatures that crawl on the ground. # Jb 5:23; Is 11:6-9; Ezk 34:25
I will shatter bow, sword,
and weapons of war in the land # Or war on the earth # Ezk 39:1-10
and will enable the people to rest securely. # Ezk 34:25
19I will take you to be My wife forever. # Is 62:4-5
I will take you to be My wife in righteousness,
justice, love, and compassion. # Is 1:27; 54:6-8
20I will take you to be My wife in faithfulness,
and you will know Yahweh. # Hs 6:6; 13:4
21On that day I will respond # Is 55:10; Zch 8:12; Mal 3:10-11 —
this is the Lord’s declaration.
I will respond to the sky,
and it will respond to the earth.
22The earth will respond to the grain, # Jr 31:12; Jl 2:19
the new wine, and the oil,
and they will respond to Jezreel.
23I will sow her # = Israel in the land for Myself, # Jr 31:37
and I will have compassion # Hs 1:6
on No Compassion;
I will say # Rm 9:25 to Not My People: # Hs 1:9
You are My people, # Hs 2:1
and he will say, “You are My God.”