Paul Defends His Gospel at Jerusalem
1Then after 14 years I went up again # Ac 15:2-30 to Jerusalem with Barnabas, # Ac 4:36 taking Titus # Ti 1:4 along also. 2I went up according to a revelation # 1Pt 4:13 and presented to them the gospel I preach among the Gentiles — but privately to those recognized as leaders — so that I might not be running, or have run the race, in vain. 3But not even Titus who was with me, though he was a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised. 4This issue arose because of false brothers # 2Pt 2:1 smuggled in, who came in secretly to spy on the freedom that we have in Christ Jesus, in order to enslave us. 5But we did not give up and submit to these people for even an hour, so that the truth # 2Th 2:10 of the gospel would be preserved for you.
6Now from those recognized as important (what they really were makes no difference to me; God does not show favoritism # Or God is not a respecter of persons ; lit God does not receive the face of man # Dt 16:19) — they added nothing to me. 7On the contrary, they saw that I had been entrusted with the gospel for the uncircumcised, # Col 3:11 just as Peter # Lk 6:14; Ac 10:32 was for the circumcised, 8since the One at work in Peter for an apostleship to the circumcised was also at work in me for the Gentiles. 9When James, # Jd 1 Cephas, # Jn 1:42 and John, # Jn 21:7 recognized as pillars, # 1Tm 3:15; Rv 3:12; 10:1 acknowledged the grace that had been given to me, they gave the right hand of fellowship to me and Barnabas, agreeing that we should go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcised. 10They asked only that we would remember the poor, # Mk 14:7; Rm 15:26 which I made every effort to do.
Freedom from the Law
11But when Cephas # Other mss read Peter came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face because he stood condemned. # Or he was in the wrong 12For he regularly ate with the Gentiles before certain men came from James. However, when they came, he withdrew and separated himself, because he feared those from the circumcision party. 13Then the rest of the Jews # Rm 2:28-29 joined his hypocrisy, # Mk 12:15 so that even Barnabas was carried away by their hypocrisy. 14But when I saw that they were deviating from the truth of the gospel, I told Cephas # Other mss read Peter in front of everyone, “If you, who are a Jew, live like a Gentile # Rm 1:13 and not like a Jew, # Rm 14:2 how can you compel Gentiles to live # Rm 6:2 like Jews? ” # Some translations continue the quotation through v. 16 or v. 21.
15We who are Jews by birth and not “Gentile sinners” 16know that no one is justified by the works of the law # Rm 3:20; Gl 3:2,5,10 but by faith in Jesus Christ. # Or by the faithfulness of Jesus Christ And we have believed in Christ Jesus so that we might be justified by faith in Christ # Or by the faithfulness of Christ and not by the works of the law, because by the works of the law no human being will # Lit law all flesh will not be justified. 17But if we ourselves are also found to be “sinners” while seeking to be justified by Christ, # Rm 6:23; 1Tm 1:15 is Christ then a promoter # Or servant # 1Co 3:5 of sin? Absolutely not! # Lk 20:16 18If I rebuild # Ac 20:32 the system # Lit rebuild those things that I tore down, I show myself to be a lawbreaker. # Rm 2:25,27; Jms 2:9,11 19For through the law I have died to the law, # Rm 7:4; 1Pt 2:24 so that I might live for God. # Php 1:21 I have been crucified with Christ # Other textual traditions place I have been crucified with Christ in v. 20. 20and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. # Mk 10:38; 2Co 13:5 The life I now live in the body, # Or flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, # Jn 5:19; Heb 1:2 who loved # Jn 3:16 me # 2Th 2:13 and gave Himself # Ti 2:14 for me. # Lk 20:38; Rm 14:8 21I do not set aside the grace of God, for if righteousness comes through the law, # Rm 7:5; 9:31; Gl 5:4; Php 3:6 then Christ died # 1Co 8:11; Php 3:10 for nothing.