Parable of God’s Adulterous Wife
1The word of the Lord came to me again: 2“Son of man, explain Jerusalem’s detestable practices to her. # Is 58:1; Ezk 20:4; 22:2 3You are to say: This is what the Lord God says to Jerusalem: Your origin and your birth were in the land of the Canaanites. Your father was an Amorite and your mother a Hittite. # Dt 7:1; Jdg 3:5; 1Kg 9:20-21; Ezk 16:45 4As for your birth, your umbilical cord wasn’t cut on the day you were born, # Hs 2:3 and you weren’t washed clean # Hb obscure with water. You were not rubbed with salt or wrapped in cloths. # Lk 2:12 5No one cared enough about you to do even one of these things out of compassion for you. But you were thrown out into the open field because you were despised on the day you were born.
6“I passed by you and saw you lying in your blood, and I said to you as you lay in your blood: Live! Yes, I said to you as you lay in your blood: Live! # Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr omit Yes, I said to you as you lay in your blood: Live! 7I made you thrive # LXX reads Thrive; I made you like plants of the field. # Ex 1:7 You grew up and matured and became very beautiful. # Or matured and developed the loveliest of ornaments Your breasts were formed and your hair grew, but you were stark naked.
8“Then I passed by you and saw you, and you were indeed at the age for love. So I spread the edge of My garment over you and covered your nakedness. # Ru 3:9; Jr 2:2 I pledged Myself to you, # Gn 22:16-18 entered into a covenant with you, and you became Mine.” # Ex 19:5; 24:7-8 This is the declaration of the Lord God. 9“I washed you with water, rinsed off your blood, and anointed you with oil. 10I clothed you in embroidered cloth and provided you with leather sandals. I also wrapped you in fine linen and covered you with silk. 11I adorned you with jewelry, putting bracelets on your wrists and a chain around your neck. 12I put a ring in your nose, # Gn 24:22,47 earrings on your ears, and a beautiful tiara on your head. 13So you were adorned with gold and silver, # Dt 32:13-14; Ps 45:13-14 and your clothing was made of fine linen, silk, and embroidered cloth. You ate fine flour, honey, and oil. You became extremely beautiful and attained royalty. 14Your fame spread among the nations because of your beauty, for it was perfect through My splendor, # Lm 2:15 which I had bestowed on you.” This is the declaration of the Lord God.
15“But you were confident in your beauty and acted like a prostitute because of your fame. # Is 57:8; Jr 2:20 You lavished your sexual favors on everyone who passed by. # Pr 7:8-13 Your beauty became his. # Hb obscure 16You took some of your garments and made colorful high places for yourself, and you engaged in prostitution on them. These places should not have been built, and this should never have happened! # Hb obscure 17You also took your beautiful jewelry made from the gold and silver I had given you, # Ex 12:35; 32:2-4 and you made male images so that you could engage in prostitution with them. 18Then you took your embroidered garments to cover them, and set My oil and incense before them. 19You also set before them as a pleasing aroma the food I gave you — the fine flour, oil, and honey that I fed you. # Hs 2:8 That is what happened.” This is the declaration of the Lord God.
20“You even took your sons and daughters you bore to Me and sacrificed them to these images as food. # Jr 7:31; 19:5; Ezk 23:37 Wasn’t your prostitution enough? 21You slaughtered My children and gave them up when you passed them through the fire # Lv 18:21; Dt 18:10; 2Kg 17:17; Ezk 20:31 to the images. 22In all your detestable practices and acts of prostitution, you did not remember the days of your youth # Jr 2:2 when you were stark naked and lying in your blood.
23“Then after all your evil — Woe, woe to you! ” — the declaration of the Lord God — 24“you built yourself a mound and made yourself an elevated place in every square. # Jr 11:13 25You built your elevated place at the head of every street # Pr 9:14 and turned your beauty into a detestable thing. You spread your legs to everyone who passed by and increased your prostitution. 26You engaged in promiscuous acts with Egyptian men, your well-endowed neighbors, and increased your prostitution # Ezk 23:19-20 to provoke Me to anger.
27“Therefore, I stretched out My hand against you and reduced your provisions. I gave you over to the desire of those who hate you, the Philistine women, # Ezk 16:57 who were embarrassed by your indecent behavior. 28Then you engaged in prostitution with the Assyrian men because you were not satisfied. # 2Kg 16:7,10-18; 2Ch 28:16,20-23; Jr 2:18,36 Even though you did this with them, you were still not satisfied. 29So you extended your prostitution to Chaldea, # Ezk 23:14-16 the land of merchants, but you were not even satisfied with this!
30“How your heart was inflamed with lust” — the declaration of the Lord God — “when you did all these things, the acts of a brazen prostitute, 31building your mound at the head of every street and making your elevated place in every square. But you were unlike a prostitute because you scorned payment. # Is 52:3 32You adulterous wife, who receives strangers instead of her husband! 33Men give gifts to all prostitutes, but you gave gifts to all your lovers. You bribed them to come to you from all around for your sexual favors. 34So you were the opposite of other women in your acts of prostitution; no one solicited you. When you paid a fee instead of one being paid to you, you were the opposite.
35“Therefore, you prostitute, hear the word of the Lord! 36This is what the Lord God says: Because your lust was poured out and your nakedness exposed by your acts of prostitution with your lovers, and because of all your detestable idols and the blood of your children that you gave to them, # Jr 2:34 37I am therefore going to gather all the lovers you pleased # Jr 13:22,26; Ezk 23:9,22 — all those you loved as well as all those you hated. I will gather them against you from all around and expose your nakedness # Is 47:3 to them so they see you completely naked. 38I will judge you the way adulteresses and those who shed blood are judged. # Ezk 23:45 Then I will bring about your bloodshed in wrath and jealousy. # Gn 9:6; Ezk 23:25 39I will hand you over to them, and they will level your mounds and tear down your elevated places. They will strip off your clothes, # Ezk 23:26; Hs 2:3 take your beautiful jewelry, and leave you stark naked. 40They will bring a mob against you # Ezk 23:47 to stone you and cut you to pieces with their swords. 41Then they will burn down your houses and execute judgments against you in the sight of many women. I will stop you from being a prostitute, # Ezk 23:48 and you will never again pay fees for lovers. 42So I will satisfy My wrath against you, # Ezk 5:13; 21:17 and My jealousy will turn away from you. Then I will be silent and no longer angry. 43Because you did not remember the days # Ps 78:42 of your youth but enraged Me with all these things, I will also bring your actions down on your own head.” # Ezk 11:21; 22:31 This is the declaration of the Lord God. “Haven’t you committed immoral acts in addition to all your detestable practices?
44“Look, everyone who uses proverbs will say this proverb about you:
Like mother, like daughter.
45You are the daughter of your mother, who despised her husband and children. You are the sister of your sisters, # Ezk 23:2 who despised their husbands and children. Your mother was a Hittite and your father an Amorite. # Ezk 16:31 46Your older sister was Samaria, # Ezk 23:4,33 who lived with her daughters to the north of you, and your younger sister was Sodom, who lived with her daughters to the south of you. 47Didn’t you walk in their ways and do their detestable practices? It was only a short time before you behaved more corruptly than they did. # Lit they in all your ways # Ezk 5:6
48“As I live” — the declaration of the Lord God — “your sister Sodom and her daughters have not behaved as you and your daughters have. # Mt 10:15; 11:23-24 49Now this was the iniquity of your sister Sodom: she and her daughters had pride, plenty of food, # Gn 13:10 and comfortable security, but didn’t support the poor and needy. 50They were haughty and did detestable things before Me, so I removed them when I saw this. # Or them as you have seen # Gn 18:20-21 51But Samaria did not commit even half your sins. You have multiplied your detestable practices beyond theirs and made your sisters appear righteous by all the detestable things you have committed. 52You must also bear your disgrace, since you have been an advocate for your sisters. For they appear more righteous than you because of your sins, which you committed more abhorrently than they did. So you also, be ashamed and bear your disgrace, since you have made your sisters appear righteous.
53“I will restore their fortunes, # Is 1:9 the fortunes of Sodom and her daughters and those of Samaria and her daughters. I will also restore # LXX, Vg; MT reads Samaria and her daughters and the fortunes of your fortunes among them, # Jr 20:16 54so you will bear your disgrace and be ashamed of all you did when you comforted them. # Ezk 14:22-23 55As for your sisters, Sodom and her daughters and Samaria and her daughters will return to their former state. You and your daughters will also return to your former state. 56Didn’t you treat your sister Sodom as an object of scorn when you were proud, 57before your wickedness was exposed? It was like the time you were scorned by the daughters of Aram # Some Hb mss, Syr read Edom # 2Kg 16:5-7 and all those around her, and by the daughters of the Philistines — those who treated you with contempt from every side. 58You yourself must bear the consequences of your indecency and detestable practices” # Ezk 23:49 — this is the Lord’s declaration.
59“For this is what the Lord God says: I will deal with you according to what you have done, since you have despised the oath by breaking the covenant. # Ezk 17:19 60But I will remember the covenant I made with you in the days of your youth, and I will establish an everlasting covenant with you. # Is 55:3; Jr 32:38-41 61Then you will remember your ways # Ezk 6:9 and be ashamed when you # Some LXX mss, Syr read I receive your older and younger sisters. I will give them to you as daughters, but not because of your covenant. 62I will establish My covenant with you, # Hs 2:19-20 and you will know that I am Yahweh, 63so that when I make atonement for all you have done, you will remember and be ashamed, # Ezk 36:31-32 and never open your mouth again because of your disgrace.” # Rm 3:19 This is the declaration of the Lord God.