Moses’ Birth and Adoption
1Now a man from the family of Levi married a Levite woman. # Ex 6:20; Nm 26:59; 1Ch 23:14 2The woman became pregnant and gave birth to a son; when she saw that he was beautiful, # Or healthy she hid him for three months. # Ac 7:20; Heb 11:23 3But when she could no longer hide him, she got a papyrus basket for him and coated it with asphalt and pitch. She placed the child in it and set it among the reeds by the bank of the Nile. 4Then his sister # Ex 15:20; Nm 26:59 stood at a distance in order to see what would happen to him.
5Pharaoh’s daughter went down to bathe at the Nile while her servant girls walked along the riverbank. Seeing the basket among the reeds, she sent her slave girl to get it. 6When she opened it, she saw the child — a little boy, crying. She felt sorry for him and said, “This is one of the Hebrew boys.”
7Then his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter, “Should I go and call a woman from the Hebrews to nurse the boy for you? ”
8“Go,” Pharaoh’s daughter told her. So the girl went and called the boy’s mother. 9Then Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Take this child and nurse him for me, and I will pay your wages.” So the woman took the boy and nursed him. 10When the child grew older, she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. She named him Moses, “Because,” she said, “I drew him out of the water.” # The name Moses sounds like “drawing out” in Hb and “born” in Egyptian.
Moses in Midian
11Years later, # Lit And it was in those days after Moses had grown up, he went out to his own people # Lit his brothers and observed their forced labor. # Ex 1:11; Ac 7:23; Heb 11:24-26 He saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew, one of his people. 12Looking all around and seeing no one, he struck the Egyptian dead and hid him in the sand. 13The next day he went out and saw two Hebrews fighting. He asked the one in the wrong, “Why are you attacking your neighbor? ” # Or fellow Hebrew
14“Who made you a leader and judge over us? ” the man replied. “Are you planning to kill me as you killed the Egyptian? ”
Then Moses became afraid and thought: What I did is certainly known. 15When Pharaoh heard about this, he tried to kill Moses. But Moses fled from Pharaoh and went to live in the land of Midian, # Ac 7:29; Heb 11:27 and sat down by a well. # Gn 24:11; 29:2
16Now the priest of Midian # Ex 3:1; 1Sm 9:11 had seven daughters. They came to draw water and filled the troughs to water their father’s flock. 17Then some shepherds arrived and drove them away, but Moses came to their rescue and watered their flock. 18When they returned to their father Reuel # Jethro’s clan or last name was Reuel; Ex 3:1. # Ex 3:1; 4:18; Nm 10:29 he asked, “Why have you come back so quickly today? ”
19They answered, “An Egyptian rescued us from the shepherds. He even drew water for us and watered the flock.”
20“So where is he? ” he asked his daughters. “Why then did you leave the man behind? Invite him to eat dinner.”
21Moses agreed to stay with the man, and he gave his daughter Zipporah # Ex 4:25; 18:2 to Moses in marriage. 22She gave birth to a son whom he named Gershom, for he said, “I have been a foreigner # Ex 18:3-4; Ac 7:29; Heb 11:13 in a foreign land.” # In Hb the name Gershom sounds like the phrase “a stranger there.”
23After a long time, the king of Egypt died. The Israelites groaned because of their difficult labor, and they cried out; # Ex 3:7,9; Dt 26:7; Jms 5:4 and their cry for help ascended to God because of the difficult labor. 24So God heard their groaning, and He remembered # Gn 9:15; Ex 6:5; 1Ch 16:15; Ps 105:8; 106:45; 111:4 His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. # Ps 22:23; Lk 1:33,55 25God saw the Israelites, and He took notice. # Ex 3:7; 4:31; Lk 1:25