1“If a murder victim is found lying in a field in the land the Lord your God is giving you to possess, and it is not known who killed him, 2your elders and judges must come out and measure the distance from the victim to the nearby cities. 3The elders of the city nearest to the victim are to get a young cow that has not been yoked or used for work. 4The elders of that city will bring the cow down to a continually flowing stream, to a place not tilled or sown, and they will break its neck there by the stream. 5Then the priests, the sons of Levi, will come forward, for Yahweh your God has chosen them to serve Him and pronounce blessings in His name, and they are to give a ruling in # Lit and according to their mouth will be every dispute and case of assault. 6All the elders of the city nearest to the victim will wash their hands by the stream over the young cow whose neck has been broken. 7They will declare, ‘Our hands did not shed this blood; our eyes did not see it. 8Lord, forgive Your people Israel You redeemed, and do not hold the shedding of innocent blood against them.’ Then they will be absolved of responsibility for bloodshed. 9You must purge from yourselves the guilt of shedding innocent blood, for you will be doing what is right in the Lord’s sight.
Fair Treatment of Captured Women
10“When you go to war against your enemies and the Lord your God hands them over to you and you take some of them prisoner, and 11if you see a beautiful woman among the captives, desire her, and want to take her as your wife, 12you are to bring her into your house. She must shave her head, trim her nails, 13remove the clothes she was wearing when she was taken prisoner, live in your house, and mourn for her father and mother a full month. After that, you may have sexual relations with her and be her husband, and she will be your wife. 14Then if you are not satisfied with her, you are to let her go where she wants, but you must not sell her for money or treat her as merchandise, # Hb obscure because you have humiliated her.
The Right of the Firstborn
15“If a man has two wives, one loved and the other unloved, and both the loved and the unloved bear him sons, and if the unloved wife has the firstborn son, 16when that man gives what he has to his sons as an inheritance, he is not to show favoritism to the son of the loved wife as his firstborn over the firstborn of the unloved wife. 17He must acknowledge the firstborn, the son of the unloved wife, by giving him two shares # Lit mouth of two, or two mouthfuls # Or two-thirds; the two-thirds interpretation holds that the firstborn son receives two-thirds of the total estate no matter how many sons are in the family. of his estate, for he is the firstfruits of his virility; he has the rights of the firstborn. # Gn 29:30-33; 49:3
A Rebellious Son
18“If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father or mother and doesn’t listen to them even after they discipline him, 19his father and mother must take hold of him and bring him to the elders of his city, to the gate # Dt 17:8; 22:15; 25:7 of his hometown. 20They will say to the elders of his city, ‘This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious; he doesn’t obey us. He’s a glutton and a drunkard.’ 21Then all the men of his city will stone him to death. # Ex 21:17; Lv 20:9 You must purge the evil from you, and all Israel will hear and be afraid.
Display of Executed People
22“If anyone is found guilty of an offense deserving the death penalty and is executed, and you hang his body on a tree, 23you are not to leave his corpse on the tree overnight but are to bury him that day, for anyone hung on a tree is under God’s curse. # Gl 3:13 You must not defile the land the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance. # Dt 15:4