David, King of Israel
1All the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron # 1Ch 11:1-3 and said, “Here we are, your own flesh and blood. # Lit your bone and flesh # Gn 29:14 2Even while Saul was king over us, you were the one who led us out to battle and brought us back. # 1Sm 18:5,12-16 The Lord also said to you, ‘You will shepherd My people Israel and be ruler over Israel.’ ”
3So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron. King David made a covenant with them # 2Sm 3:12-13,21 at Hebron in the Lord’s presence, and they anointed David king over Israel.
4David was 30 years old when he began his reign; # 1Kg 2:11; 1Ch 29:26-27 he reigned 40 years. 5In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned 33 years over all Israel and Judah.
6The king and his men marched to Jerusalem against the Jebusites # Jos 15:63; Jdg 1:21 who inhabited the land. The Jebusites had said to David: “You will never get in here. Even the blind and lame can repel you”; thinking, “David can’t get in here.”
7Yet David did capture the stronghold of Zion, that is, the city of David. # Lk 2:4 8He said that day, “Whoever attacks the Jebusites must go through the water shaft to reach the lame and the blind who are despised by David.” # Alt Hb tradition, LXX, Tg, Syr read who despise David For this reason it is said, “The blind and the lame will never enter the house.” # Or temple, or palace
9David took up residence in the stronghold, which he named the city of David. He built it up all the way around from the supporting terraces inward. 10David became more and more powerful, # 2Sm 3:1 and the Lord God of Hosts was with him. # 1Ch 11:9 11King Hiram of Tyre sent envoys to David; he also sent cedar logs, carpenters, and stonemasons, # 1Kg 5:1,10,18 and they built a palace for David. 12Then David knew that the Lord had established him as king over Israel and had exalted his kingdom for the sake of His people Israel.
13After he arrived from Hebron, David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem, and more sons and daughters were born to him. 14These are the names of those born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, # Lk 3:31 Solomon, 15Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia, 16Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet. # 1Ch 3:5-8; 14:1-7
17When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, # 1Ch 14:8-17 they all went in search of David, but he heard about it and went down to the stronghold. # 1Sm 22:4-5; 2Sm 23:14 18So the Philistines came and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim.
19Then David inquired of the Lord: # 2Sm 2:1 “Should I go to war against the Philistines? Will you hand them over to me? ”
The Lord replied to David, “Go, for I will certainly hand the Philistines over to you.”
20So David went to Baal-perazim and defeated them there and said, “Like a bursting flood, the Lord has burst out against my enemies before me.” # Is 28:21 Therefore, he named that place the Lord Bursts Out. # Or Baal-perazim ; 2Sm 6:8; 1Ch 13:11 21The Philistines abandoned their idols there, and David and his men carried them off.
22The Philistines came up again and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim. 23So David inquired of the Lord, and He answered, “Do not make a frontal assault. Circle around behind them and attack them opposite the balsam trees. 24When you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, act decisively, for then the Lord will have marched out ahead of you to attack the camp of the Philistines.” # 2Kg 7:6 25So David did exactly as the Lord commanded him, and he struck down the Philistines all the way from Geba to Gezer.