Jehu Kills the House of Ahab
1Since Ahab had 70 sons in Samaria, # 1Kg 16:24,29 Jehu wrote letters and sent them to Samaria to the rulers of Jezreel, # 1Kg 21:1; 2Kg 9:30 to the elders, and to the guardians of Ahab’s sons, # LXX; MT reads of Ahab saying:
2When this letter # 2Kg 5:6 arrives, since your master’s sons are with you and you have chariots, horses, a fortified city, and weaponry, 3select the most qualified # Lit the good and the upright of your master’s sons, set him on his father’s throne, and fight for your master’s house.
4However, they were terrified and reasoned, “Look, two kings # 2Kg 9:24,27 couldn’t stand against him; how can we? ”
5So the overseer of the palace, the overseer of the city, the elders, and the guardians sent a message to Jehu: “We are your servants, and we will do whatever you tell us. We will not make anyone king. Do whatever you think is right.” # Lit Do what is good in your eyes # Jos 9:8,11; 1Kg 20:4,32; 2Kg 18:14
6Then Jehu wrote them a second letter, saying:
If you are on my side, and if you will obey me, bring me the heads of your master’s sons at this time tomorrow at Jezreel.
All 70 of the king’s sons were being cared for by the city’s prominent men. 7When the letter came to them, they took the king’s sons and slaughtered all 70, put their heads in baskets, and sent them to Jehu at Jezreel. 8When the messenger came and told him, “They have brought the heads of the king’s sons,” the king said, “Pile them in two heaps at the entrance of the gate until morning.”
9The next morning when he went out and stood at the gate, he said to all the people, “You are innocent. It was I who conspired against my master and killed him. # 2Kg 9:14-24 But who struck down all these? 10Know, then, that not a word the Lord spoke against the house of Ahab will fail, # 2Kg 9:7-10 for the Lord has done what He promised through His servant Elijah.” # 1Kg 21:19-29 11So Jehu killed all who remained of the house of Ahab in Jezreel — all his great men, close friends, and priests — leaving him no survivors.
12Then he set out and went on his way to Samaria. On the way, while he was at Beth-eked of the Shepherds, 13Jehu met the relatives of Ahaziah king of Judah and asked, “Who are you? ”
They answered, “We’re Ahaziah’s # 2Kg 9:27-29 relatives. We’ve come down to greet the king’s sons and the queen mother’s # 1Kg 2:19 sons.”
14Then Jehu ordered, “Take them alive.” So they took them alive and then slaughtered them at the pit of Beth-eked — 42 men. He didn’t spare any of them. # 2Ch 22:8
15When he left there, he found Jehonadab son of Rechab # Jr 35:6-19 coming to meet him. He greeted him and then asked, “Is your heart one with mine? ” # Lit heart upright like my heart is with your heart
“It is,” Jehonadab replied.
Jehu said, “If it is, # LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads mine?” Jehonadab said, “It is and it is give me your hand.” # Ezr 10:19
So he gave him his hand, and Jehu pulled him up into the chariot with him. 16Then he said, “Come with me and see my zeal # 1Kg 19:10 for the Lord! ” So he let him ride with him in his chariot. 17When Jehu came to Samaria, he struck down all who remained from the house of Ahab in Samaria until he had annihilated his house, according to the word of the Lord spoken to Elijah. # 1Kg 21:19-21; 2Kg 9:8
Jehu Kills the Baal Worshipers
18Then Jehu brought all the people together and said to them, “Ahab served Baal # 1Kg 16:31-32 a little, but Jehu will serve him a lot. 19Now, therefore, summon to me all the prophets of Baal, all his servants, and all his priests. # 1Kg 18:19; 22:6 None must be missing, for I have a great sacrifice for Baal. Whoever is missing will not live.” However, Jehu was acting deceptively in order to destroy the servants of Baal. 20Jehu commanded, “Consecrate a solemn assembly # Jl 1:14 for Baal.” So they called one.
21Then Jehu sent messengers throughout all Israel, and all the servants of Baal # LXX adds — all his priests and all his prophets — came; there was not a man left who did not come. # 1Kg 22:6 They entered the temple of Baal, # 1Kg 16:32 and it was filled from one end to the other. 22Then he said to the custodian of the wardrobe, “Bring out the garments for all the servants of Baal.” So he brought out their garments.
23Then Jehu and Jehonadab son of Rechab entered the temple of Baal, and Jehu said to the servants of Baal, “Look carefully to see that there are no servants of the Lord here among you — only servants of Baal.” 24Then they went in to offer sacrifices and burnt offerings.
Now Jehu had stationed 80 men outside, and he warned them, “Whoever allows any of the men I am delivering into your hands to escape will forfeit his life for theirs.” # 1Kg 20:39 25When he finished offering the burnt offering, Jehu said to the guards and officers, “Go in and kill them. Don’t let anyone out.” # 1Kg 18:40 So they struck them down with the sword. Then the guards and officers threw the bodies out and went into the inner room of the temple of Baal. 26They brought out the pillars of the temple of Baal and burned them 27and tore down the pillar # 1Kg 14:23; 2Kg 3:2 of Baal. Then they tore down the temple of Baal and made it a latrine # Ezr 6:11 — which it is to this day.
Evaluation of Jehu’s Reign
28Jehu eliminated Baal worship from Israel, 29but he did not turn away from the sins that Jeroboam son of Nebat had caused Israel to commit — worshiping the gold calves that were in Bethel and Dan. # 1Kg 12:28-29 30Nevertheless, the Lord said to Jehu, “Because you have done well in carrying out what is right in My sight and have done to the house of Ahab all that was in My heart, four generations of your sons will sit on the throne of Israel.” # 2Kg 15:12
31Yet Jehu was not careful to follow the instruction of the Lord God of Israel with all his heart. He did not turn from the sins that Jeroboam had caused Israel to commit.
32In those days the Lord began to reduce the size of Israel. # 2Kg 13:25 Hazael # 1Kg 19:17; 2Kg 8:12 defeated the Israelites throughout their territory: 33from the Jordan eastward, all the land of Gilead — the Gadites, the Reubenites, and the Manassites — from Aroer # Dt 2:36; Jdg 11:26 which is by the Arnon Valley # Nm 21:13 through Gilead to Bashan. # Lit Arnon Valley and Gilead and Bashan
34Now the rest of the events of Jehu’s reign, along with all his accomplishments and all his might, are written in the Historical Record of Israel’s Kings. # 2Kg 1:18 35Jehu rested with his fathers and was buried in Samaria. His son Jehoahaz # 2Kg 13:1 became king in his place. 36The length of Jehu’s reign over Israel in Samaria was 28 years. # 2Kg 1:17