Judah’s King Josiah
1Josiah was eight years old # 2Kg 22:1-2 when he became king and reigned 31 years in Jerusalem. 2He did what was right in the Lord’s sight and walked in the ways of his ancestor David; # 2Ch 29:2 he did not turn aside to the right or the left.
3In the eighth year of his reign, while he was still a youth, Josiah began to seek the God of his ancestor David, # 1Ch 28:9; 2Ch 11:16; 14:4; 15:12 and in the twelfth year he began to cleanse Judah and Jerusalem of the high places, the Asherah poles, the carved images, # 2Ch 33:22 and the cast images. 4Then in his presence the altars of the Baals were torn down, and he chopped down the incense altars that were above them. He shattered the Asherah poles, the carved images, and the cast images, crushed them to dust, and scattered # Ex 32:20 them over the graves of those who had sacrificed to them. # 2Kg 23:6 5He burned the bones of the priests on their altars. # 2Kg 23:5,8,16,20 So he cleansed Judah and Jerusalem. 6He did the same in the cities # 2Kg 23:15,19 of Manasseh, Ephraim, and Simeon, and as far as Naphtali and on their surrounding mountain shrines. # One Hb tradition reads Naphtali with their swords ; alt Hb tradition, Syr, Vg read Naphtali, the ruins all around ; Hb obscure 7He tore down the altars, and he smashed the Asherah poles and the carved images to powder. He chopped down all the incense altars throughout the land of Israel and returned to Jerusalem. # 2Ch 31:1
Josiah’s Repair of the Temple
8In the eighteenth year of his reign, # 2Kg 22:3-7 in order to cleanse the land and the temple, Josiah sent Shaphan son of Azaliah, along with Maaseiah the governor # 2Ch 18:25 of the city and the court historian Joah son of Joahaz, to repair the temple of the Lord his God.
9So they went to Hilkiah # 2Ch 34:14; 35:8 the high priest, and gave him the money brought into God’s temple. The Levites and the doorkeepers had collected money from Manasseh, Ephraim, # 2Ch 30:10,18 and from the entire remnant of Israel, and from all Judah, Benjamin, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 10They put it into the hands of those doing the work — those who oversaw the Lord’s temple. They gave it to the workmen who were working in the Lord’s temple, to repair and restore the temple; 11they gave it to the carpenters and builders and also used it to buy quarried stone and timbers — for joining and making beams — for the buildings that Judah’s kings had destroyed.
12The men were doing the work with integrity. Their overseers were Jahath and Obadiah, Levites from the Merarites, and Zechariah and Meshullam from the Kohathites as supervisors. The Levites were all skilled with musical instruments. # 1Ch 25:1 13They were also over the porters and were supervising all those doing the work task by task. Some of the Levites were secretaries, officers, and gatekeepers.
The Recovery of the Book of the Law
14When they brought out the money that had been deposited in the Lord’s temple, Hilkiah the priest found the book of the law of the Lord written by the hand of Moses. # Dt 31:24-26 15Consequently, # 2Kg 22:8–23:3 Hilkiah told Shaphan the court secretary, “I have found the book of the law in the Lord’s temple,” and he gave the book to Shaphan.
16Shaphan took the book to the king, and also reported, “Your servants are doing all that was placed in their hands. 17They have emptied out the money that was found in the Lord’s temple and have put it into the hand of the overseers and the hand of those doing the work.” 18Then Shaphan the court secretary told the king, “Hilkiah the priest gave me a book,” and Shaphan read from it in the presence of the king. # Dt 17:18-20
19When the king heard the words of the law, he tore his clothes. # Jos 7:6 20Then he commanded Hilkiah, Ahikam son of Shaphan, Abdon son of Micah, Shaphan the court secretary, and the king’s servant Asaiah, 21“Go. Ask Yahweh for me and for those remaining in Israel and Judah, concerning the words of the book that was found. For great is the Lord’s wrath that is poured out on us # 2Ch 29:8 because our fathers have not kept the word of the Lord in order to do everything written in this book.”
Huldah’s Prophecy of Judgment
22So Hilkiah and those the king had designated # LXX; MT omits designated went to the prophetess Huldah, the wife of Shallum son of Tokhath, son of Hasrah, keeper of the wardrobe. She lived in Jerusalem in the Second District. They spoke with her about this.
23She said to them, “This is what Yahweh, the God of Israel says: Say to the man who sent you to Me, 24‘This is what Yahweh says: I am about to bring disaster on this place and on its inhabitants, # 2Ch 36:15-21 fulfilling all the curses written in the book that they read in the presence of the king of Judah, # Dt 28:15-68 25because they have abandoned Me # 2Ch 33:3 and burned incense to other gods in order to provoke Me with all the works of their hands. My wrath will be poured out on this place, and it will not be quenched.’ 26Say this to the king of Judah who sent you to ask Yahweh, ‘This is what Yahweh, the God of Israel says: As for the words that you heard, 27because # 1Kg 21:29; 2Ch 12:6-7; 32:26 your heart was tender and you humbled yourself before God when you heard His words against this place and against its inhabitants, and because you humbled yourself before Me, and you tore your clothes and wept before Me, I Myself have heard’ — this is the Lord’s declaration. 28‘I will indeed gather you to your fathers, and you will be gathered to your grave in peace. Your eyes will not see all the disaster that I am bringing on this place and on its inhabitants.’ ” # Is 57:1-2
Then they reported to the king.
Affirmation of the Covenant by Josiah and the People
29So the king sent messengers and gathered all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem. 30The king went up to the Lord’s temple with all the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, as well as the priests and the Levites — all the people from great to small. He read in their hearing all the words of the book of the covenant that had been found in the Lord’s temple. # Neh 8:1-3 31Then the king stood at his post # 2Kg 11:14; 2Ch 30:16 and made a covenant in the Lord’s presence # 2Ch 23:16; 29:10 to follow the Lord and to keep His commands, His decrees, and His statutes with all his heart and with all his soul # Dt 6:4-6 in order to carry out the words of the covenant written in this book. # Ex 24:3-8; Jos 24:14-28
32He had all those present in Jerusalem and Benjamin agree # Lit take a stand. to it. So all the inhabitants of Jerusalem carried out the covenant of God, the God of their ancestors.
33So Josiah removed everything that was detestable from all the lands belonging to the Israelites, # 2Ch 34:3-7 and he required all who were present in Israel to serve the Lord their God. Throughout his reign they did not turn aside from following Yahweh, the God of their ancestors.