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Samuel Anoints David
1The Lord said to Samuel, “How long are you going to mourn for Saul, # 1Sm 15:35 since I have rejected him as king over Israel? # 1Sm 13:13-14; 15:23 Fill your horn with oil # 1Sm 9:16; 10:1; 2Kg 9:1 and go. I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem # Ru 4:17-22 because I have selected a king from his sons.”
2Samuel asked, “How can I go? Saul will hear about it and kill me! ”
The Lord answered, “Take a young cow with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the Lord.’ # 1Sm 20:29 3Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will let you know what you are to do. # Ex 4:15; Ac 9:6 You are to anoint for Me the one I indicate to you.” # Dt 17:14-15; 1Sm 9:16
4Samuel did what the Lord directed and went to Bethlehem. # Gn 48:7; Lk 2:4 When the elders of the town met him, they trembled # LXX reads were astonished and asked, “Do # DSS, LXX read Seer, do you come in peace? ” # 1Kg 2:13; 2Kg 9:22; 1Ch 12:17-18
5“In peace,” he replied. “I’ve come to sacrifice to the Lord. Consecrate yourselves # Gn 35:2; Ex 19:10 and come with me to the sacrifice.” # LXX reads and rejoice with me today Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice. 6When they arrived, Samuel saw Eliab # 1Sm 17:13 and said, “Certainly the Lord’s anointed one is here before Him.”
7But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or his stature, because I have rejected him. Man does not see what the Lord sees, # LXX reads God does not see as a man sees for man sees what is visible, # Lit what is of the eyes but the Lord sees the heart.” # 1Kg 8:39; Jr 17:10; Lk 16:15; Jn 2:24-25
8Jesse called Abinadab # 1Sm 17:13 and presented him to Samuel. “The Lord hasn’t chosen this one either,” Samuel said. 9Then Jesse presented Shammah, # 1Sm 17:13 but Samuel said, “The Lord hasn’t chosen this one either.” 10After Jesse presented seven of his sons to him, Samuel told Jesse, “The Lord hasn’t chosen any of these.” 11Samuel asked him, “Are these all the sons you have? ”
“There is still the youngest,” # 1Sm 17:12; 2Sm 13:3 he answered, “but right now he’s tending the sheep.” Samuel told Jesse, “Send for him. We won’t sit down to eat until he gets here.” 12So Jesse sent for him. He had beautiful eyes and a healthy, # Or ruddy handsome appearance. # 1Sm 17:42
Then the Lord said, “Anoint him, for he is the one.” # 1Sm 9:17 13So Samuel took the horn of oil, anointed him # 1Sm 10:1 in the presence of his brothers, and the Spirit of the Lord took control of David from that day forward. # Ps 51:10-12; Ezk 36:27; Ac 2:1-17 Then Samuel set out and went to Ramah.
David in Saul’s Court
14Now the Spirit of the Lord had left Saul, # 1Sm 11:6; 18:12; 28:15 and an evil spirit sent from the Lord began to torment him, 15so Saul’s servants said to him, “You see that an evil spirit from God is tormenting you. 16Let our lord command your servants here in your presence to look for someone who knows how to play the lyre. Whenever the evil spirit from God troubles you, that person can play the lyre, and you will feel better.” # 1Sm 18:10; 19:9; 2Kg 3:15
17Then Saul commanded his servants, “Find me someone who plays well and bring him to me.”
18One of the young men answered, “I have seen a son of Jesse of Bethlehem who knows how to play the lyre. He is also a valiant man, # 1Sm 17:32-36 a warrior, eloquent, handsome, and the Lord is with him.” # 1Sm 3:19; 18:12-14
19Then Saul dispatched messengers to Jesse and said, “Send me your son David, who is with the sheep.” 20So Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine, and one young goat and sent them by his son David to Saul. # 1Sm 10:4,27; Pr 18:16 21When David came to Saul # Gn 41:46; Pr 22:29 and entered his service, Saul admired him greatly, and David became his armor-bearer. 22Then Saul sent word to Jesse: “Let David remain in my service, for I am pleased with him.” 23Whenever the spirit from God troubled Saul, # 1Sm 16:14-16 David would pick up his lyre and play, and Saul would then be relieved, feel better, and the evil spirit would leave him.
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CHAPTER 16.
1And the Lord said to Samuel. How It long wilt thou mourn for Saul, whom I have rejected from reigning over Israel? fill thy horn with oil, and come, that I may send thee to Isai the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons. 2And Samuel said: How shall I go? for Saul will hear of it, and he will kill me. And the Lord said: Thou shalt take with thee a calf of the herd, and thou shalt say: I am come to sacrifice to the Lord. 3And thou shalt call Isai to the sacrifice, and I will shew thee what thou art to do, and thou shalt anoint him whom I shall shew to thee. 4Then Samuel did as the Lord had said to him. And he came to Bethlehem, and the ancients of the city wondered, and meeting him, they said: Is thy coming hither peaceable? 5And he said: It is peaceable: I am come to offer sacrifice to the Lord, be ye sanctified, and come with me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified Isai and his sons, and called them to the sacrifice. 6And when they were come in, he saw Eliab, and said: Is the Lord's anointed before him? 7And the Lord said to Samuel: Look not on his countenance, nor on the height of his stature: because I have rejected him, nor do I judge according to the look of man: for man seeth those things that appear, but the Lord beholdeth the heart. 8And Isai called Abinadab, and brought him before Samuel. And he said: Neither hath the Lord chosen this. 9And Isai brought Samma, and he said of him: Neither hath the Lord chosen this. 10Isai therefore brought his seven sons before Samuel: and Samuel said to Isai: The Lord hath not chosen any one of these. 11And Samuel said to Isai: Are here all thy sons? He answered: There remaineth yet a young one, who keepeth the sheep. And Samuel said to Isai: Send, and fetch him, for we will not sit down till he come hither. 12He sent therefore and brought him Now he was ruddy and beautiful to behold, and of a comely face. And the Lord said: Arise, and anoint him, for this is he. 13Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward: and Samuel rose up, and went to Ramatha. 14But the spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord troubled him. 15And the servants of Saul said to him: Behold now an evil spirit from God troubleth thee. 16Let our lord give orders, and thy servants who are before thee will seek out a man skilful in playing on the harp, that when the evil spirit from the Lord is upon thee, he may play with his hand, and thou mayest bear it more easily. 17And Saul said to his servants: Provide me then some man that can play well, and bring him to me. 18And one of the servants answering, said: Behold I have seen a son of Isai the Bethlehemite, a skilful player, and one of great strength, and a man fit for war, and prudent in his words, and a comely person: and the Lord is with him. 19Then Saul sent messengers to Isai, saying: Send me David thy son, who is in the pastures. 20And Isai took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid of the flock, and sent them by the hand of David his son to Saul. 21And David came to Saul, and stood before him: and he loved him exceedingly, and made him his armourbearer. 22And Saul sent to Isai, saying: Let David stand before me: for he hath found favour in my sight. 23So whensoever the evil spirit from the Lord was upon Saul, David took his harp, and played with his hand, and Saul was refreshed, and was better, for the evil spirit departed from him.