The Divisions of the Levites
1When David was old and full of days, # 1Ch 29:28 he installed his son Solomon as king over Israel. # 1Ch 28:5; 29:22 2Then he gathered all the leaders of Israel, the priests, and the Levites. 3The Levites 30 years old or more were counted; # Nm 4:3-49 the total number of men was 38,000 by headcount. # 1Ch 23:24 4“Of these,” David said, “24,000 are to be in charge of the work on the Lord’s temple, # Ezr 3:8-9 6,000 are to be officers and judges, # 1Ch 26:29 54,000 are to be gatekeepers, and 4,000 are to praise the Lord with the instruments that I have made for worship.” # 1Ch 15:16
6Then David divided them into divisions according to Levi’s sons: # 1Ch 6:1 Gershom, # Lit Gershon Kohath, and Merari.
7The Gershonites: Ladan and Shimei.
8Ladan’s sons: Jehiel was the first, then Zetham, and Joel — three.
9Shimei’s sons: Shelomoth, Haziel, and Haran — three. Those were the heads of the families of Ladan.
10Shimei’s sons: Jahath, Zizah, # LXX, Vg; MT reads Zina Jeush, and Beriah. Those were Shimei’s sons — four. 11Jahath was the first and Zizah was the second; however, Jeush and Beriah did not have many sons, so they became an ancestral house and received a single assignment.
12Kohath’s sons: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel — four.
13Amram’s sons: # Ex 6:20 Aaron and Moses.
Aaron, along with his descendants, # Ex 28:1 was set apart forever to consecrate the most holy things, to burn incense in the presence of Yahweh, # Ex 30:6-10 to minister to Him, and to pronounce blessings in His name forever. 14As for Moses the man of God, # Dt 33:1; Ps 90 title his sons were named among the tribe of Levi.
15Moses’ sons: Gershom and Eliezer.
16Gershom’s sons: Shebuel was first.
17Eliezer’s sons were Rehabiah, first; Eliezer did not have any other sons, but Rehabiah’s sons were very numerous.
18Izhar’s sons: Shelomith was first.
19Hebron’s sons: Jeriah was first, Amariah second, Jahaziel third, and Jekameam fourth.
20Uzziel’s sons: Micah was first, and Isshiah second.
21Merari’s sons: Mahli and Mushi.
Mahli’s sons: Eleazar and Kish.
22Eleazar died having no sons, only daughters. Their cousins, the sons of Kish, married them.
23Mushi’s sons: Mahli, Eder, and Jeremoth — three.
24These were the sons of Levi by their ancestral houses — the heads of families, according to their registration by name in the headcount — 20 years old or more, who worked in the service of the Lord’s temple. # Nm 10:17,21 25For David said, “The Lord God of Israel has given rest to His people, # 1Ch 22:9,18 and He has come to stay in Jerusalem forever. 26Also, the Levites no longer need to carry the tabernacle or any of the equipment for its service” # Nm 4:5,15; 7:9 — 27for according to the last words of David, the Levites 20 years old or more were to be counted — 28“but their duty will be to assist the sons of Aaron with the service of the Lord’s temple, being responsible for the courts and the chambers, the purification of all the holy things, and the work of the service of God’s temple — 29as well as the rows of the bread of the Presence, # Lv 24:5-9 the fine flour for the grain offering, # Lv 6:20 the wafers of unleavened bread, the baking, # Lit the griddle # 1Ch 9:31 the mixing, # Lv 6:14-15; 7:12 and all measurements of volume and length. # Ex 29:40; 30:13; Lv 19:35-36 30They are also to stand every morning to give thanks and praise to the Lord, and likewise in the evening. 31Whenever burnt offerings are offered to the Lord on the Sabbaths, New Moons, # Is 1:13-14 and appointed festivals, they are to do so regularly in the Lord’s presence according to the number prescribed for them. # Lv 23:2-4 32They are to carry out their responsibilities for the tent of meeting, for the holy place, # Nm 1:53; 1Ch 9:27 and for their relatives, the sons of Aaron, # Nm 3:6-9,38 in the service of the Lord’s temple.”