David’s First Supporters
1The following were the men who came to David at Ziklag while he was still banned from the presence of Saul son of Kish. # 1Sm 27:1-7 They were among the warriors who helped him in battle. 2They were archers who could use either the right or left hand, both to sling stones and shoot arrows from a bow. # Jdg 3:15; 20:16 They were Saul’s relatives # 1Ch 12:29 from Benjamin:
3Their chief was Ahiezer son of Shemaah the Gibeathite.
Then there was his brother Joash;
Jeziel and Pelet sons of Azmaveth;
Beracah, Jehu the Anathothite;
4Ishmaiah the Gibeonite, a warrior among the Thirty and a leader over the Thirty;
# 1Ch 12:5 in HbJeremiah, Jahaziel, Johanan, Jozabad the Gederathite;
5Eluzai, Jerimoth, Bealiah, Shemariah, Shephatiah the Haruphite;
6Elkanah, Isshiah, Azarel, Joezer, and Jashobeam, the Korahites;
7and Joelah and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham from Gedor.
8Some Gadites defected to David at his stronghold in the desert. They were fighting men, trained for battle, expert with shield and spear. Their faces were like the faces of lions, and they were as swift as gazelles on the mountains. # 2Sm 2:18
9Ezer was the chief, Obadiah second, Eliab third,
10Mishmannah fourth, Jeremiah fifth,
11Attai sixth, Eliel seventh,
12Johanan eighth, Elzabad ninth,
13Jeremiah tenth, and Machbannai eleventh.
14These Gadites were army commanders; the least of them was a match for a hundred, and the greatest of them for a thousand. # Lv 26:8; Dt 32:30; Is 30:17 15These are the men who crossed the Jordan in the first month # = Nisan (March–April) when it was overflowing all its banks, # Jos 3:15; 4:18 and put to flight all those in the valleys to the east and to the west.
16Other Benjaminites and men from Judah also went to David at the stronghold. # 1Sm 22:1-2 17David went out to meet them and said to them, “If you have come in peace to help me, my heart will be united with you, but if you have come to betray me to my enemies even though my hands have done no wrong, may the God of our ancestors look on it and judge.”
18Then the Spirit took control of # Lit Spirit clothed Himself with ; Jdg 6:34; 2Ch 24:20 # Jdg 6:34; 2Ch 24:20 Amasai, # 1Ch 2:17 chief of the Thirty, and he said:
We are yours, David,
we are with you, son of Jesse!
Peace, peace to you,
and peace to him who helps you, # 1Sm 25:5-6
for your God helps you.
So David received them and made them leaders of his troops.
19Some Manassites defected to David when he went with the Philistines to fight against Saul. However, they did not help the Philistines because the Philistine rulers sent David away after a discussion. They said, “It will be our heads if he defects to his master Saul.” # 1Sm 29:1-11 20When David went to Ziklag, some men from Manasseh defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh. 21They helped David against the raiders, # 1Sm 30:1-20 for they were all brave warriors and commanders in the army. 22At that time, men came day after day to help David until there was a great army, like an army of God. # Or like the ultimate army # Gn 32:1-2; Jos 5:13-15
David’s Soldiers in Hebron
23The numbers of the armed troops who came to David at Hebron to turn Saul’s kingdom over to him, # 1Sm 15:28; 1Ch 10:14 according to the Lord’s word, # 1Ch 11:10 were as follows:
24From the Judahites: 6,800 armed troops bearing shields and spears.
25From the Simeonites: 7,100 brave warriors ready for war.
26From the Levites: 4,600 27in addition to Jehoiada, leader of the house of Aaron, with 3,700 men; 28and Zadok, # 2Sm 8:17; 1Ch 6:8,53; 9:11; 15:11; 16:39 a young brave warrior, with 22 commanders from his own ancestral house.
29From the Benjaminites, the relatives of Saul: # 1Ch 12:2 3,000 (up to that time the majority of the Benjaminites maintained their allegiance to the house of Saul).
30From the Ephraimites: 20,800 brave warriors who were famous men in their ancestral houses.
31From half the tribe of Manasseh: 18,000 designated by name to come and make David king.
32From the Issacharites, who understood the times # Est 1:13 and knew what Israel should do: 200 chiefs with all their relatives under their command.
33From Zebulun: 50,000 who could serve in the army, trained for battle with all kinds of weapons of war, with one purpose # Ps 12:2 to help David. # LXX; MT omits David
34From Naphtali: 1,000 commanders accompanied by 37,000 men with shield and spear.
35From the Danites: 28,600 trained for battle.
36From Asher: 40,000 who could serve in the army, trained for battle.
37From across the Jordan — from the Reubenites, Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh: 120,000 men equipped with all the military weapons of war.
38All these warriors, lined up in battle formation, came to Hebron fully determined to make David king over all Israel. All the rest of Israel was also of one mind to make David king. # 2Sm 5:1-3 39They spent three days there eating and drinking with David, for their relatives had provided for them. 40In addition, their neighbors from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali came and brought food on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen — abundant provisions of flour, fig cakes, raisins, wine and oil, oxen, and sheep. # 1Sm 25:18 Indeed, there was joy in Israel.