Leviticus contains regulations for worship and religious ceremonies in ancient Israel, and for the priests who were responsible for carrying out these instructions.
The main theme of the book is the holiness of God and the ways in which his people were to worship and live so as to maintain their relationship with “the holy God of Israel.”
The best known words from the book, found in 19.18, are those which Jesus called the second great commandment: “Love your neighbor as you love yourself.”
Outline of Contents
Laws about offerings and sacrifices (1.1—7.38)
The ordination of Aaron and his sons as priests (8.1—10.20)
Laws about ritual cleanness and uncleanness (11.1—15.33)
The Day of Atonement (16.1-34)
Laws about holiness in life and worship (17.1—27.34)
This book contains many of the laws and instructions God gave to Moses in the desert. It lists detailed descriptions of the responsibilities of the priestly clans, such as presenting sacrifices and offerings on behalf of the people of Israel. The priests of the Israelite religion were to come from the tribe of Levi, the same tribe that Moses was from. The first high priest was Aaron, Moses' brother.