Baal Worship at Peor
1While Israel lived in #ch. 33:49; Josh. 2:1; 3:1; Mic. 6:5 Shittim, #[ch. 31:16]the people began to whore with the daughters of Moab. 2#Ex. 34:15, 16; Josh. 22:17; Ps. 106:28; Hos. 9:10; [1 Cor. 10:20]These invited the people to the sacrifices of their gods, and the people ate and bowed down to their gods. 3So Israel yoked himself to Baal of Peor. And the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel. 4And the Lord said to Moses, #See Deut. 4:3 “Take all the chiefs of the people and #[Deut. 21:23; 2 Sam. 21:6; Gal. 3:13] hang#25:4 Or impale them in the sun before the Lord, #ver. 11; Deut. 13:17that the fierce anger of the Lord may turn away from Israel.” 5And Moses said to #[ch. 11:16; Ex. 18:21, 25] the judges of Israel, #[Ex. 32:27]“Each of you kill those of his men who have yoked themselves to Baal of Peor.”
6And behold, one of the people of Israel came and brought a Midianite woman to his family, in the sight of Moses and in the sight of the whole congregation of the people of Israel, while they were #Joel 2:17weeping in the entrance of the tent of meeting. 7#Ps. 106:30 When Phinehas #Ex. 6:25the son of Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose and left the congregation and took a spear in his hand 8and went after the man of Israel into the chamber and pierced both of them, the man of Israel and the woman through her belly. Thus the plague on the people of Israel was stopped. 9Nevertheless, #Deut. 4:3; [1 Cor. 10:8]those who died by the plague were twenty-four thousand.
The Zeal of Phinehas
10And the Lord said to Moses, 11“Phinehas the son of Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest, has turned back my wrath from the people of Israel, in that he #[2 Cor. 11:2] was jealous with my jealousy among them, so that I did not consume the people of Israel in #Deut. 32:16, 21; 1 Kgs. 14:22; Ps. 78:58; Zeph. 1:18; 3:8; 1 Cor. 10:22; [Ex. 20:5]my jealousy. 12Therefore say, #Mal. 2:4, 5‘Behold, I give to him my covenant of peace, 13and it shall be to him and to #See 1 Chr. 6:4-15 his descendants after him the covenant of #Ex. 40:15a perpetual priesthood, because he was jealous for his God and made atonement for the people of Israel.’”
14The name of the slain man of Israel, who was killed with the Midianite woman, was Zimri the son of Salu, chief of a father’s house belonging to the Simeonites. 15And the name of the Midianite woman who was killed was Cozbi the daughter of #ch. 31:8; Josh. 13:21Zur, who was the tribal head of a father’s house in Midian.
16And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 17#ch. 31:2, 7“Harass the Midianites and strike them down, 18for they have harassed you with their #ch. 31:16; Rev. 2:14 wiles, with which they beguiled you in the matter of #See ch. 23:28Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of the chief of Midian, their sister, who was killed on the day of the plague on account of Peor.”