The Indictment of the Lord
1 # See ch. 1:2 Hear what the Lord says:
Arise, plead your case before the mountains,
and let the hills hear your voice.
Ps. 50:1, 4; Ezek. 36:4 Hear, you mountains, #Isa. 1:18; See Hos. 4:1the indictment of the Lord,
and you enduring foundations of the earth,
for the Lord has an indictment against his people,
and he will contend with Israel.
3“O my people, #Isa. 5:4; [Jer. 2:5, 31] what have I done to you?
Isa. 43:22, 23; [Mal. 1:13] How have I wearied you? Answer me!
4For #Ex. 12:51; Hos. 12:13; Amos 2:10 I brought you up from the land of Egypt
and #2 Sam. 7:23 redeemed you from the house of slavery,
and I sent before you Moses,
Aaron, and #Ex. 15:20; Num. 12:1, 2Miriam.
5O my people, remember #See Num. 22:5 what Balak king of Moab devised,
and what Balaam the son of Beor answered him,
and what happened from #Num. 25:1 Shittim to Gilgal,
that you may know #[Judg. 5:11]the righteous acts of the Lord.”
What Does the Lord Require?
6 # [Hos. 5:6; Heb. 10:4] “With what shall I come before the Lord,
and bow myself before #Isa. 57:15God on high?
Shall I come before him with burnt offerings,
with calves a year old?
7 # See 1 Sam. 15:22 Will the Lord be pleased with#6:7 Or Will the Lord accept thousands of rams,
with ten thousands of rivers of oil?
2 Kgs. 3:27; 16:3; 21:6; 23:10; [Lev. 18:21] Shall I give my firstborn for my transgression,
the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?”
8He has told you, O man, what is good;
and #[Deut. 10:12] what does the Lord require of you
but to do justice, and to love kindness,#6:8 Or steadfast love
and to #[Gen. 5:22]walk humbly with your God?
Destruction of the Wicked
9The voice of the Lord cries to the city—
and it is sound wisdom to fear #Isa. 30:27 your name:
“Hear of #Isa. 10:5; 30:32the rod and of him who appointed it!#6:9 The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain
10Can I forget any longer the treasures#6:10 Or Are there still treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked,
and the scant measure that is accursed?
11Shall I acquit the man #See Hos. 12:7with wicked scales
and with a bag of deceitful weights?
12Your#6:12 Hebrew whose rich men are #Amos 3:10; Hab. 1:2, 3 full of violence;
your inhabitants #Hos. 7:13 speak lies,
and #Jer. 9:8their tongue is deceitful in their mouth.
13Therefore I strike you with a grievous blow,
# ch. 7:13 making you desolate because of your sins.
You shall eat, but not be satisfied,
and there shall be hunger within you;
you shall put away, but not preserve,
and what you preserve I will give to the sword.
15 # [Zeph. 1:13; Hag. 1:6] You shall sow, but not reap;
you shall tread olives, but not anoint yourselves with oil;
you shall tread grapes, but not drink wine.
16For you have kept the statutes of #1 Kgs. 16:25, 26; [ch. 1:13] Omri,#6:16 Hebrew For the statutes of Omri are kept
and all the works of the house of #See 1 Kgs. 16:30-33; 21:25, 26 Ahab;
and you have walked in their counsels,
that I may make you #See 2 Chr. 29:8 a desolation, and your#6:16 Hebrew its inhabitants #See 2 Chr. 29:8 a hissing;
so you shall bear #Isa. 25:8the scorn of my people.”