Jeremiah 31
ESV

Jeremiah 31

31
The Lord Will Turn Mourning to Joy
1 # ch. 30:24 “At that time, declares the Lord, #[2 Cor. 6:18]; See ch. 30:22I will be the God of all the clans of Israel, and they shall be my people.”
2Thus says the Lord:
“The people who survived the sword
found grace in the wilderness;
# [ch. 30:10; Ps. 95:11; Isa. 63:14] when Israel sought for rest,
3the Lord appeared to him#31:3 Septuagint; Hebrew me from far away.
# Deut. 7:8; 10:15; Mal. 1:2; Rom. 11:28 I have loved you with an everlasting love;
therefore #Ps. 36:10 I have continued #Hos. 11:4my faithfulness to you.
4 # ver. 28; ch. 33:7 Again I will build you, and you shall be built,
O virgin Israel!
# Isa. 61:10 Again you shall adorn yourself with tambourines
and shall go forth in #ver. 13; Ex. 15:20; Judg. 11:34; 21:21; See 2 Sam. 6:14the dance of the merrymakers.
5 # Isa. 65:21; Amos 9:14 Again you shall plant vineyards
on the mountains of Samaria;
the planters shall plant
and shall enjoy the fruit.
6For there shall be a day when watchmen will call
in #See Josh. 24:33 the hill country of Ephraim:
# Isa. 2:3; 27:13 ‘Arise, and let us go up to Zion,
to the Lord our God.’”
7For thus says the Lord:
# Isa. 12:6; 65:18 “Sing aloud with gladness for Jacob,
and raise shouts for #Amos 6:1 the chief of the nations;
proclaim, give praise, and say,
# Ps. 118:25 ‘O Lord, save your people,
the remnant of Israel.’
8Behold, I will bring them #See ch. 3:18 from the north country
and #See ch. 23:3 gather them from #See ch. 6:22 the farthest parts of the earth,
among them #Isa. 35:5, 6the blind and the lame,
the pregnant woman and she who is in labor, together;
a great company, they shall return here.
9 # ch. 50:4; [Ezra 3:13; 10:1] With weeping they shall come,
# ch. 3:21; Zech. 12:10 and with pleas for mercy I will lead them back,
I will make them #Isa. 35:6, 7; 49:10; [Ps. 23:2] walk by brooks of water,
# Isa. 35:8; 43:19; 49:11 in a straight path in which they shall not stumble,
for #Rom. 8:15 I am a father to Israel,
and Ephraim is #[Ex. 4:22; Ps. 89:27]my firstborn.
10“Hear the word of the Lord, O nations,
and declare it in the coastlands far away;
say, ‘He who scattered Israel will #[See ver. 8 above] gather him,
and will keep him #Isa. 40:11as a shepherd keeps his flock.’
11 # Isa. 43:1; 44:23; 48:20 For the Lord has ransomed Jacob
and has redeemed him from #[Isa. 49:24, 25]hands too strong for him.
12They shall come and sing aloud on the height of Zion,
# Isa. 2:2; Mic. 4:1 and they shall be radiant #Hos. 3:5 over the goodness of the Lord,
# [Deut. 12:17] over the grain, the wine, and the oil,
and over the young of the flock and the herd;
# Isa. 58:11 their life shall be like a watered garden,
# Isa. 35:10 and they shall languish no more.
13 # See ver. 4 Then shall the young women rejoice in the dance,
and the young men and the old shall be merry.
# [John 16:20] I will turn their mourning into joy;
I will comfort them, and give them gladness for sorrow.
14 # [ver. 25] I will feast the soul of the priests with abundance,
and my people shall be satisfied with my goodness,
declares the Lord.”
15Thus says the Lord:
# Cited Matt. 2:18 “A voice is heard in #Josh. 18:25 Ramah,
lamentation and bitter weeping.
# [Gen. 35:19, 20; 48:7; 1 Sam. 10:2] Rachel is weeping for her children;
she refuses to be comforted for her children,
# ch. 10:20 because they are no more.”
16Thus says the Lord:
“Keep your voice from weeping,
and your eyes from tears,
for there is a reward for your work,
declares the Lord,
and #Ezra 1:5; Hos. 1:11they shall come back from the land of the enemy.
17 # ch. 29:11 There is hope for your future,
declares the Lord,
and your children shall come back to their own country.
18I have heard #[ver. 9] Ephraim grieving,
‘You have disciplined me, and I was disciplined,
like an untrained calf;
# Ps. 80:3; Lam. 5:21 bring me back that I may be restored,
for you are the Lord my God.
19For after #Deut. 30:2 I had turned away, I relented,
and after I was instructed, #Ezek. 21:12 I struck my thigh;
# [ch. 3:25] I was ashamed, and I was confounded,
because I bore the disgrace of my youth.’
20 # [See ver. 18 above] Is Ephraim my dear son?
# [Prov. 8:30] Is he my darling child?
For as often as I speak against him,
I do remember him still.
# Song 5:4; Isa. 16:11 Therefore my heart#31:20 Hebrew bowels yearns for him;
I will surely have mercy on him,
declares the Lord.
21 # [Isa. 57:14; 62:10] “Set up road markers for yourself;
make yourself guideposts;
# ch. 50:4, 5 consider well the highway,
# [Isa. 57:14; 62:10] the road by which you went.
Return, O virgin Israel,
return to these your cities.
22 # ch. 2:18, 23, 36 How long will you waver,
# ch. 49:4 O faithless daughter?
For the Lord has created a new thing on the earth:
a woman encircles a man.”
23Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: “Once more they shall use these words in the land of Judah and in its cities, #See ch. 30:3 when I restore their fortunes:
# Ps. 122:6, 7 “‘The Lord bless you, #ch. 50:7; Isa. 1:26 O habitation of righteousness,
# Zech. 8:3 O holy hill!’
24 # ch. 33:13 And Judah and all its cities shall dwell there together, and #ch. 33:13the farmers and those who wander with their flocks. 25For I will #Ps. 36:8; [ver. 14]satisfy the weary soul, and every languishing soul I will replenish.”
26At this I awoke and looked, and my sleep was pleasant to me.
27 # ch. 9:25 “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when #Ezek. 36:11; Hos. 2:23; Zech. 10:9 I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with #[Ps. 22:30; Isa. 53:10]the seed of man and the seed of beast. 28And it shall come to pass that #ch. 44:27; [ch. 32:42] as I have watched over them #[ver. 40]; See ch. 1:10 to pluck up and break down, to overthrow, destroy, and bring harm, #ch. 44:27; [ch. 32:42] so I will watch over them #See ch. 24:6to build and to plant, declares the Lord. 29In those days they shall no longer say:
# Ezek. 18:2, 3; [Lam. 5:7] “‘The fathers have eaten sour grapes,
and the children’s teeth are set on edge.’
30 # Ezek. 18:4 But everyone shall die for his own iniquity. Each man who eats sour grapes, his teeth shall be set on edge.
The New Covenant
31 # ver. 31-34, cited Heb. 8:8-12 “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will make #Luke 22:20; 2 Cor. 3:6a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, 32not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when #[Deut. 1:31] I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant that they broke, #See ch. 3:14though I was their husband, declares the Lord. 33#ch. 32:40; Ezek. 37:26; Cited Heb. 10:16 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: #ch. 32:40; Ezek. 37:26; Cited Heb. 10:16 I will put my law within them, and I will write it #Ps. 37:31; 2 Cor. 3:3 on their hearts. #Hos. 2:23; Zech. 8:8; 13:9; Rev. 21:7; See ch. 30:22And I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34And no longer shall each one teach his neighbor and each his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ #Isa. 54:13 for they shall all know me, #See ch. 6:13 from the least of them to the greatest, declares the Lord. For #ch. 33:8; 36:3; 50:20; Mic. 7:18; Acts 10:43; Rom. 11:27; Cited Heb. 10:17 I will forgive their iniquity, and #Isa. 43:25I will remember their sin no more.”
35Thus says the Lord,
who #Gen. 1:16 gives the sun for light by day
and #See ver. 36 the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night,
who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar—
# See ch. 10:16 the Lord of hosts is his name:
36 # [Ps. 148:6; Isa. 54:9, 10]; For ver. 36, 37, see ch. 33:20-26 “If this fixed order departs
from before me, declares the Lord,
then shall the offspring of Israel cease
from being a nation before me forever.”
37Thus says the Lord:
“If the heavens above can be measured,
and the foundations of the earth below can be explored,
# Rom. 11:1 then I will cast off all the offspring of Israel
for all that they have done,
declares the Lord.”
38 # ver. 27, 31 “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when the city shall be rebuilt for the Lord #Neh. 3:1; 12:39; Zech. 14:10 from the Tower of Hananel to #2 Kgs. 14:13the Corner Gate. 39#Ezek. 40:3; Zech. 1:16; 2:1, 2; [Rev. 11:1]And the measuring line shall go out farther, straight to the hill Gareb, and shall then turn to Goah. 40#[ch. 7:31, 32] The whole valley of the dead bodies and the ashes, and all the fields as far as the #See 2 Sam. 15:23 brook Kidron, to the corner of #2 Chr. 23:15 the Horse Gate toward the east, #Isa. 52:1; Joel 3:17 shall be sacred to the Lord. #[ver. 28]It shall not be plucked up or overthrown anymore forever.”

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