The Wilderness Years
1“Then we turned and journeyed into the wilderness in the direction of the Red Sea, #ch. 1:40; Num. 14:25as the Lord told me. And for many days we traveled around Mount Seir. 2Then the Lord said to me, 3‘You have been traveling around this mountain country #ch. 1:6long enough. Turn northward 4and command the people, “You are about to pass through the territory of #ch. 23:7; Amos 1:11; Obad. 10, 12 your brothers, the people of Esau, #See Gen. 32:3 who live in Seir; and #See Num. 20:18-21they will be afraid of you. So be very careful. 5Do not contend with them, for I will not give you any of their land, no, not so much as for the sole of the foot to tread on, because #[See ver. 4 above]I have given Mount Seir to Esau as a possession. 6#ver. 28You shall purchase food from them with money, that you may eat, and you shall also buy water from them with money, that you may drink. 7For the Lord your God has blessed you in all the work of your hands. #[Job 23:10] He knows your going through this great wilderness. #See ch. 8:2-4These forty years the Lord your God has been with you. You have lacked nothing.”’ 8So #Judg. 11:18 we went on, away from our brothers, the people of Esau, who live in Seir, away from #See ch. 1:1 the Arabah road from #1 Kgs. 9:26; [2 Kgs. 14:22; 16:6; 2 Chr. 26:2] Elath and #See Num. 33:35Ezion-geber.
“And we turned and went in the direction of the wilderness of Moab. 9And the Lord said to me, #ver. 19, 29 ‘Do not harass Moab or contend with them in battle, for I will not give you any of their land for a possession, because I have given #ver. 18; Num. 21:15; Isa. 15:1 Ar to #ver. 19; Gen. 19:36, 37the people of Lot for a possession.’ 10(#Gen. 14:5 The Emim formerly lived there, #[ver. 21] a people great and many, and tall #See Num. 13:22as the Anakim. 11Like the Anakim they are also counted as #See Gen. 14:5Rephaim, but the Moabites call them Emim. 12#ver. 22; Gen. 14:6; See Gen. 36:20-30 The Horites also lived in Seir formerly, but the people of Esau dispossessed them and destroyed them from before them and settled in their place, #Num. 21:24, 31, 35as Israel did to the land of their possession, which the Lord gave to them.) 13‘Now rise up and go over #[Num. 21:12]the brook Zered.’ So we went over #[Num. 21:12]the brook Zered. 14And the time from our leaving #See ch. 1:2, 19 Kadesh-barnea until we crossed #[Num. 21:12] the brook Zered was thirty-eight years, #Num. 14:33, 35; 26:64; Ps. 78:33; 95:11; 106:26; Ezek. 20:15; [1 Cor. 10:5; Heb. 3:17]; See ch. 1:35until the entire generation, that is, the men of war, had perished from the camp, as the Lord had sworn to them. 15For indeed the hand of the Lord was against them, to destroy them from the camp, until they had perished.
16“So as soon as all the men of war had perished and were dead from among the people, 17the Lord said to me, 18‘Today you are to cross the border of Moab at Ar. 19And when you approach the territory of the people of Ammon, #[ver. 9] do not harass them or contend with them, for I will not give you any of the land of the people of Ammon as a possession, because I have given it to #Gen. 19:36, 38the sons of Lot for a possession.’ 20(It is also counted as a land of #See Gen. 14:5Rephaim. Rephaim formerly lived there—but the Ammonites call them Zamzummim— 21#[ver. 10]a people great and many, and tall as the Anakim; but the Lord destroyed them before the Ammonites,#2:21 Hebrew them and they dispossessed them and settled in their place, 22as he did for the people of Esau, who live in Seir, when he destroyed #Gen. 14:6; See Gen. 36:20-30the Horites before them and they dispossessed them and settled in their place even to this day. 23As for #Josh. 13:3, 4 the Avvim, who lived in villages as far as #Gen. 10:19; Jer. 25:20 Gaza, #See Gen. 10:14the Caphtorim, who came from Caphtor, destroyed them and settled in their place.) 24‘Rise up, set out on your journey and #Num. 21:13, 14; Judg. 11:18, 21 go over the Valley of the Arnon. Behold, I have given into your hand Sihon the Amorite, king of #Num. 21:27, 28, 30 Heshbon, and his land. Begin to take possession, and #[ver. 9]contend with him in battle. 25This day I will begin to put #ch. 11:25; 28:10; See Ex. 15:14-16; Josh. 2:9-11the dread and fear of you on the peoples who are under the whole heaven, who shall hear the report of you and shall tremble and be in anguish because of you.’
The Defeat of King Sihon
26“So I sent messengers from the wilderness of #Josh. 13:18; 1 Chr. 6:79 Kedemoth to Sihon the king of #[See ver. 24 above] Heshbon, #[ch. 20:10]with words of peace, saying, 27#Num. 21:21, 22; Judg. 11:19‘Let me pass through your land. I will go only by the road; I will turn aside neither to the right nor to the left. 28#ver. 6; Num. 20:19You shall sell me food for money, that I may eat, and give me water for money, that I may drink. Only let me pass through on foot, 29#ver. 5, 9; [ch. 23:3, 4; Num. 20:18; Judg. 11:17, 18]as the sons of Esau who live in Seir and the Moabites who live in Ar did for me, until I go over the Jordan into the land that the Lord our God is giving to us.’ 30But #Num. 21:23 Sihon the king of #[See ver. 24 above] Heshbon would not let us pass by him, for the Lord your God #See Ex. 4:21hardened his spirit and made his heart obstinate, that he might give him into your hand, as he is this day. 31And the Lord said to me, ‘Behold, I have begun to give Sihon and his land over to you. Begin to take possession, that you may occupy his land.’ 32Then #See Num. 21:23-30Sihon came out against us, he and all his people, to battle at Jahaz. 33And #[ch. 7:2] the Lord our God gave him over to us, and #ch. 29:7we defeated him and his sons and all his people. 34And we captured all his cities at that time and devoted to destruction#2:34 That is, set apart (devoted) as an offering to the Lord (for destruction) every #ch. 3:6city, men, women, and children. We left no survivors. 35Only the livestock we took as spoil for ourselves, with the plunder of the cities that we captured. 36#ch. 3:12; 4:48; Josh. 12:2; 13:9, 16; 2 Kgs. 10:33 From Aroer, which is on the edge of the Valley of the Arnon, and from #Josh. 13:9, 16; 2 Sam. 24:5 the city that is in the valley, as far as Gilead, there was not a city too high for us. #Ps. 44:3The Lord our God gave all into our hands. 37Only to the land of the sons of Ammon you did not draw near, that is, to all the banks of the river #ch. 3:16; Gen. 32:22; Num. 21:24; Josh. 12:2; Judg. 11:22Jabbok and the cities of the hill country, whatever the Lord our God had forbidden us.