Paul Sails for Rome
1And when it was decided #ch. 25:12, 25 that #See ch. 16:10 we should sail for Italy, they delivered Paul and some other prisoners to a centurion of the Augustan #See ch. 10:1Cohort named Julius. 2And embarking in a ship of Adramyttium, which was about to sail to the ports along the coast of Asia, we put to sea, accompanied by #See ch. 19:29Aristarchus, a Macedonian from Thessalonica. 3The next day we put in at Sidon. And #ver. 43 Julius #ch. 28:2 treated Paul kindly and #[ch. 24:23; 28:16, 30]gave him leave to go to his friends and be cared for. 4And putting out to sea from there we sailed under the lee of Cyprus, because the winds were against us. 5And when we had sailed across the open sea along the coast of Cilicia and Pamphylia, we came to Myra in Lycia. 6There the centurion found #ch. 28:11a ship of Alexandria sailing for Italy and put us on board. 7We sailed slowly for a number of days and arrived with difficulty off Cnidus, and as the wind did not allow us to go farther, we sailed under the lee of Crete off Salmone. 8Coasting along it with difficulty, we came to a place called Fair Havens, near which was the city of Lasea.
9Since much time had passed, and the voyage was now dangerous because even #Lev. 16:29-31; 23:27-29; Num. 29:7the Fast#27:9 That is, the Day of Atonement was already over, Paul advised them, 10saying, “Sirs, I perceive that the voyage will be with #ver. 21injury and much loss, not only of the cargo and the ship, but also of our lives.” 11But the centurion paid more attention to #Rev. 18:17 (Gk.)the pilot and to the owner of the ship than to what Paul said. 12And because the harbor was not suitable to spend the winter in, the majority decided to put out to sea from there, on the chance that somehow they could reach Phoenix, a harbor of Crete, facing both southwest and northwest, and spend the winter there.
The Storm at Sea
13Now when the south wind blew gently, supposing that they had obtained their purpose, they weighed anchor and sailed along Crete, close to the shore. 14But soon a tempestuous wind, called the northeaster, #[Mark 4:37]struck down from the land. 15And when the ship was caught and could not face the wind, we gave way to it and were driven along. 16Running under the lee of a small island called Cauda,#27:16 Some manuscripts Clauda we managed with difficulty to secure the ship’s boat. 17After hoisting it up, they used supports to undergird the ship. Then, fearing that they would #ver. 26, 29run aground on the Syrtis, they lowered the gear,#27:17 That is, the sea-anchor (or possibly the mainsail) and thus they were driven along. 18Since we were violently storm-tossed, they began the next day #Jonah 1:5; [ver. 38]to jettison the cargo. 19And on the third day they threw the ship’s tackle overboard with their own hands. 20When neither sun nor stars appeared for many days, and no small tempest lay on us, all hope of our being saved was at last abandoned.
21Since they had been without food for a long time, Paul stood up among them and said, “Men, #ver. 10you should have listened to me and not have set sail from Crete and incurred this #ver. 10injury and loss. 22Yet now I urge you to #ver. 25, 36take heart, for there will be no loss of life among you, but only of the ship. 23For this very night #ch. 18:9; 23:11 there #2 Tim. 4:17 stood before me #See ch. 8:26 an angel of the God #Ps. 119:94; Dan. 5:23 to whom I belong and #[Dan. 6:16]; See ch. 24:14whom I worship, 24and he said, ‘Do not be afraid, Paul; #ch. 23:11 you must stand before Caesar. And behold, #[Gen. 18:26; 19:21, 29; Ezek. 14:14]God has granted you all those who sail with you.’ 25So take heart, men, for I have faith in God that it will be exactly as I have been told. 26But #ch. 28:1 we must #ver. 17, 29run aground on some island.”
27When the fourteenth night had come, as we were being driven across the Adriatic Sea, about midnight the sailors suspected that they were nearing land. 28So they took a sounding and found twenty fathoms.#27:28 About 120 feet; a fathom (Greek orguia) was about 6 feet or 2 meters A little farther on they took a sounding again and found fifteen fathoms.#27:28 About 90 feet (see previous note) 29And fearing that we might #ver. 17, 26run on the rocks, they let down four anchors from the stern and prayed for day to come. 30And as the sailors were seeking to escape from the ship, and had lowered #ver. 16the ship’s boat into the sea under pretense of laying out anchors from the bow, 31Paul said to the centurion and the soldiers, “Unless these men stay in the ship, you cannot be saved.” 32Then the soldiers cut away the ropes of the ship’s boat and let it go.
33As day was about to dawn, Paul urged them all to take some food, saying, “Today is the fourteenth day that you have continued in suspense and without food, having taken nothing. 34Therefore I urge you to take some food. For it will give you strength,#27:34 Or For it is for your deliverance for #1 Sam. 14:45; 2 Sam. 14:11; 1 Kgs. 1:52; Luke 21:18; [Matt. 10:30]not a hair is to perish from the head of any of you.” 35And when he had said these things, he took bread, and #See Matt. 15:36giving thanks to God in the presence of all he broke it and began to eat. 36Then they all #ver. 22were encouraged and ate some food themselves. 37(We were in all 276#27:37 Some manuscripts seventy-six, or about seventy-six #ch. 2:41; 7:14; Rom. 13:1; 1 Pet. 3:20persons in the ship.) 38And when they had eaten enough, they lightened the ship, #[ver. 18]throwing out the wheat into the sea.
39Now when it was day, #[ch. 28:1]they did not recognize the land, but they noticed a bay with a beach, on which they planned if possible to run the ship ashore. 40So they cast off the anchors and left them in the sea, at the same time loosening the ropes that tied the rudders. Then hoisting the foresail to the wind they made for the beach. 41But striking a reef,#27:41 Or sandbank, or crosscurrent; Greek place between two seas #[2 Cor. 11:25]they ran the vessel aground. The bow stuck and remained immovable, and the stern was being broken up by the surf. 42#[ch. 12:19]The soldiers’ plan was to kill the prisoners, lest any should swim away and escape. 43But the centurion, #ver. 3wishing to save Paul, kept them from carrying out their plan. He ordered those who could swim to jump overboard first and make for the land, 44and the rest on planks or on pieces of the ship. And so it was that #ver. 22all were brought safely to land.