Isaiah 40
ESV

Isaiah 40

40
Comfort for God’s People
1 # ch. 51:12; [Luke 2:25] Comfort, comfort my people, says your God.
2 # Hos. 2:14 Speak tenderly to Jerusalem,
and cry to her
that #[2 Chr. 36:22; Jer. 25:12]her warfare#40:2 Or hardship is ended,
that her iniquity is pardoned,
that she has received from the Lord’s hand
double for all her sins.
3 # Cited Matt. 3:3; Mark 1:3; Luke 3:4; John 1:23 A voice cries:#40:3 Or A voice of one crying
# Mal. 3:1; [ch. 57:14] “In the wilderness prepare the way of the Lord;
# Ps. 68:4 make straight in the desert a highway for our God.
4 # Cited Luke 3:5; [ch. 49:11] Every valley shall be lifted up,
and every mountain and hill be made low;
the uneven ground shall become level,
and the rough places a plain.
5 # [Luke 3:6] And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed,
and all flesh shall see it together,
# ch. 1:20 for the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”
The Word of God Stands Forever
6A voice says, “Cry!”
And I said,#40:6 Revocalization based on Dead Sea Scroll, Septuagint, Vulgate; Masoretic Text And someone says “What shall I cry?”
# Cited 1 Pet. 1:24, 25; [Job 14:2; Ps. 102:11; 103:15; James 1:10] All flesh is grass,
and all its beauty#40:6 Or all its constancy is like the flower of the field.
7The grass withers, the flower fades
when the breath of the Lord blows on it;
surely the people are grass.
8 # Cited James 1:11 The grass withers, the flower fades,
but the word of our God will stand forever.
The Greatness of God
9Go on up to a high mountain,
O Zion, #ch. 52:7herald of good news;#40:9 Or O herald of good news to Zion
lift up your voice with strength,
O Jerusalem, herald of good news;#40:9 Or O herald of good news to Jerusalem
lift it up, fear not;
say to the cities of Judah,
“Behold your God!”
10 # ch. 59:16, 17; [Luke 11:22] Behold, the Lord God comes with might,
and his arm rules for him;
# ch. 62:11; [Rev. 22:12] behold, his reward is with him,
and his recompense before him.
11 # Ezek. 34:23; Zech. 11:7; [John 10:11; 21:15; Acts 20:28] He will tend his flock like a shepherd;
# [Matt. 18:12; Luke 15:5] he will gather the lambs in his arms;
# [Num. 11:12] he will carry them in his bosom,
and gently lead those that are with young.
12 # [Prov. 30:4] Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand
and marked off the heavens with a span,
enclosed the dust of the earth in a measure
and weighed the mountains in scales
and the hills in a balance?
13 # Cited Rom. 11:34; [1 Cor. 2:16] Who has measured#40:13 Or has directed the Spirit of the Lord,
or what man shows him his counsel?
14Whom did he consult,
and who made him understand?
# Job 21:22 Who taught him the path of justice,
and taught him knowledge,
and showed him the way of understanding?
15Behold, the nations are like a drop from a bucket,
and are accounted #ch. 29:5 as the dust on the scales;
behold, he takes up #ch. 41:1the coastlands like fine dust.
16Lebanon would not suffice for fuel,
nor are #[Ps. 50:10]its beasts enough for a burnt offering.
17 # Ps. 62:9; Dan. 4:35; [ch. 41:12] All the nations are as nothing before him,
they are accounted by him as less than nothing and emptiness.
18 # ver. 25; ch. 46:5; Acts 17:29 To whom then will you liken God,
# [Hos. 13:2] or what likeness compare with him?
19 # [See ver. 18 above] An idol! A craftsman casts it,
and a goldsmith overlays it with gold
and casts for it silver chains.
20 # ch. 46:6; Jer. 10:3-5; See ch. 44:9-15 He who is too impoverished for an offering
chooses wood#40:20 Or He chooses valuable wood that will not rot;
he seeks out a skillful craftsman
to set up an idol that will not move.
21 # ver. 28; [Acts 14:17; Rom. 1:19, 20] Do you not know? Do you not hear?
Has it not been told you from the beginning?
Have you not understood from the foundations of the earth?
22It is he who sits above the circle of the earth,
and its inhabitants are #[Num. 13:33] like grasshoppers;
# Job 9:8; Ps. 104:2 who stretches out the heavens like a curtain,
and spreads them like a tent to dwell in;
23 # Job 12:21; Ps. 107:40 who brings princes to nothing,
and makes the rulers of the earth as emptiness.
24Scarcely are they planted, scarcely sown,
scarcely has their stem taken root in the earth,
when he blows on them, and they wither,
# ch. 41:2; [Ps. 83:13] and the tempest carries them off like stubble.
25 # ver. 18 To whom then will you compare me,
that I should be like him? says the Holy One.
26Lift up your eyes on high and see:
who created these?
# Ps. 147:4 He who brings out their host by number,
calling them all by name;
by the greatness of his might
and because he is strong in power,
not one is missing.
27Why do you say, O Jacob,
and speak, O Israel,
# [ch. 49:14] “My way is hidden from the Lord,
# [ch. 49:4] and my right is disregarded by my God”?
28Have you not known? Have you not heard?
The Lord is #[Ps. 121:4] the everlasting God,
the Creator of the ends of the earth.
He does not faint or grow weary;
# Ps. 147:5 his understanding is unsearchable.
29He gives power to the faint,
and to him who has no might he increases strength.
30Even youths shall faint and be weary,
and young men shall fall exhausted;
31but #Ps. 103:5 they who wait for the Lord shall renew their strength;
they shall mount up with wings #[Ex. 19:4]like eagles;
they shall run and not be weary;
they shall walk and not faint.

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