Galatians 1
ESV

Galatians 1

1
Greeting
1Paul, an #See 2 Cor. 1:1 apostle—#ver. 11, 12 not from men nor through man, but #Acts 9:6; 20:24; 22:10, 15, 21; 26:16; [1 Tim. 1:1; Titus 1:3] through Jesus Christ and God the Father, #See Acts 2:24who raised him from the dead— 2and all #Phil. 4:21 the brothers#1:2 Or brothers and sisters. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, the plural Greek word adelphoi (translated “brothers”) may refer either to brothers or to brothers and sisters; also verse 11 who are with me,
To #Acts 16:6; 1 Cor. 16:1the churches of Galatia:
3 # Rom. 1:7; 1 Cor. 1:3 Grace to you and peace #1 Tim. 1:2from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ, 4#See Matt. 20:28; Rom. 4:25; 1 Cor. 15:3 who gave himself for our sins to deliver us from the present #[Eph. 2:2; 1 John 5:19]; See John 15:19 evil age, according to the will of #Phil. 4:20; 1 Thess. 1:3; 3:11, 13our God and Father, 5to whom be the glory forever and ever. Amen.
No Other Gospel
6I am astonished that you are #[ch. 4:13; Acts 16:6; 18:23] so quickly deserting #ch. 5:8 him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to #2 Cor. 11:4; [1 Tim. 1:3]a different gospel— 7#[Acts 4:12; 1 Cor. 3:11] not that there is another one, but #ch. 5:10; Acts 15:24; See 2 Cor. 11:13there are some who trouble you and want to distort the gospel of Christ. 8But even if we or #2 Cor. 11:14 an angel from heaven should preach to you a gospel contrary to the one we preached to you, #See Rom. 9:3let him be accursed. 9As we have said before, so now I say again: If anyone is preaching to you a gospel contrary to the one you received, #[See ver. 8 above]let him be accursed.
10For am I now seeking the approval of man, or of God? Or am I trying #1 Thess. 2:4; [Rom. 2:29; 1 Cor. 10:33; Eph. 6:6; Col. 3:22] to please man? If I were still trying to please man, I would not be a #[Rom. 1:1]servant#1:10 For the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface of Christ.
Paul Called by God
11For #1 Cor. 15:1 I would have you know, brothers, that #See Rom. 2:16the gospel that was preached by me is not man’s gospel.#1:11 Greek not according to man 12#ver. 1; 1 Cor. 11:23; 15:3; [Acts 22:14] For I did not receive it from any man, nor was I taught it, but I received it #ver. 16; See 1 Cor. 2:10; 2 Cor. 12:1through a revelation of Jesus Christ. 13For you have heard of #[Acts 26:4] my former life in Judaism, how #See Acts 8:3I persecuted the church of God violently and tried to destroy it. 14And I was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my own age among my people, so extremely #Phil. 3:6; See Acts 21:20 zealous was I for #[Jer. 9:14; 2 Tim. 1:3]; See Matt. 15:2the traditions of my fathers. 15But when he #Acts 13:2; Rom. 1:1 who had set me apart #Isa. 49:1, 5; Jer. 1:5; Luke 1:15 before I was born,#1:15 Greek set me apart from my mother’s womb and who #ver. 6called me by his grace, 16was pleased to reveal his Son to#1:16 Greek in me, in order #ch. 2:9; See Acts 9:15that I might preach him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately consult with anyone;#1:16 Greek with flesh and blood 17nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me, but I went away into Arabia, and returned again to Damascus.
18Then #[Acts 9:22, 23]after three years I went up to Jerusalem to visit Cephas and remained with him fifteen days. 19But I saw none of the other apostles except James #See Matt. 12:46; Acts 12:17the Lord’s brother. 20(In what I am writing to you, #See Rom. 1:9; 9:1before God, I do not lie!) 21#[Acts 9:30; 11:25, 26; 13:1]Then I went into the regions of Syria and Cilicia. 22And I was still unknown in person to #1 Thess. 2:14the churches of Judea that are in Christ. 23They only were hearing it said, “He who used to persecute us is now preaching the faith he once tried to destroy.” 24And they glorified God because of me.

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