The Covenant Confirmed
1Then he said to Moses, “Come up to the Lord, you and Aaron, #ch. 28:1; See ch. 6:23 Nadab, and Abihu, and #Num. 11:16seventy of the elders of Israel, and worship from afar. 2Moses #ver. 13, 15, 18alone shall come near to the Lord, but the others shall not come near, and the people shall not come up with him.”
3Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord and #ch. 21:1 all the rules.#24:3 Or all the just decrees And all the people answered with one voice and said, #ch. 19:8; Deut. 5:27“All the words that the Lord has spoken we will do.” 4And #Deut. 31:9 Moses wrote down all the words of the Lord. He rose early in the morning and built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and twelve #Gen. 28:18; 31:45; [ch. 23:24]pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel. 5And he sent young men of the people of Israel, who offered burnt offerings and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen to the Lord. 6And #Heb. 9:18, 19Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and half of the blood he threw against the altar. 7Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read it in the hearing of the people. And they said, #[See ver. 3 above]“All that the Lord has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient.” 8#Cited Heb. 9:19, 20; [Heb. 13:20; 1 Pet. 1:2]And Moses took the blood and threw it on the people and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.”
9Then Moses and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and #Num. 11:16 seventy of the elders of Israel #[ver. 1]went up, 10and they #Gen. 32:30; Judg. 13:22; Isa. 6:1, 5; [ch. 33:20, 23; John 1:18; 1 Tim. 6:16; 1 John 4:12, 20] saw the God of Israel. There was under his feet as it were a pavement of #Ezek. 1:26; 10:1sapphire stone, like the very heaven for clearness. 11And he did not lay his hand on the chief men of the people of Israel; they beheld God, and #[ch. 18:12; Gen. 31:54]ate and drank.
12The Lord said to Moses, #ver. 2, 15, 18 “Come up to me on the mountain and wait there, that I may give you the #ch. 31:18; 32:15, 16; Deut. 5:22tablets of stone, with the law and the commandment, which I have written for their instruction.” 13So Moses rose with his assistant #ch. 33:11; [ch. 17:9, 10] Joshua, and Moses went up #See ch. 3:1into the mountain of God. 14And he said to the elders, “Wait here for us until we return to you. And behold, Aaron and #ch. 17:10, 12; 31:2Hur are with you. Whoever has a dispute, let him go to them.”
15Then Moses went up on the mountain, and #ch. 19:9, 16; [Matt. 17:5]the cloud covered the mountain. 16#ch. 16:10; Lev. 9:23; Num. 14:10; 16:42The glory of the Lord dwelt on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. And on the seventh day he called to Moses out of the midst of the cloud. 17Now the appearance of the glory of the Lord was like a #ch. 3:2; 19:18; Deut. 4:36; Heb. 12:18, 29devouring fire on the top of the mountain in the sight of the people of Israel. 18Moses entered the cloud and went up on the mountain. And Moses #ch. 34:28; Deut. 9:9, 18, 25; 10:10was on the mountain forty days and forty nights.